FINE 19th and 20th CENTURY BRITISH and EUROPEAN PAINTINGS

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Artist List

  • Adam, Julius Biography

    1852 - 1913

    The German artist Julius Adam is noted primarily for his portrayals of cats, and in particular kittens. He also did a number of dog portraits. He studied art under his father, Julius Adam Snr., and subsequently with the teachers Echter and W. Diez. He spent six years in Rio de Janeiro before returning to Germany.

  • Adam, Benno Biography

    1812 - 1892

    Benno Adam, a German artist, was born in Munich on 15th July 1812. He died in Kellein on 9th March 1892.

    He was the son and pupil of Albrecht Adam (1786-1862). Adam achieved a reputation for painting animals, particularly German breeds of dogs. Many of his animal studies were popularised as lithographs.

    Museums : Bale; Hamburg; Koenigsberg; Munich

  • Adams, Douglas Biography

    fl. 1880 - 1905

    Douglas Adams was a landscape and wildfowl painter. He occasionally painted sporting scenes. He resided at 7 James Street, Haymarket, London. His favourite subjects were Scottish panoramas, including loch and coastal views.

    Exhibited : The Royal Academy (1880-1904) The Suffolk Street GalleriesThe Grosvenor Galleries The New Galleries

  • Adams, John Clayton Biography

    1840 - 1906

    John Clayton Adams was a Surrey Landscape painter. He lived in Edmonton and Guildford.

    He exhibited at the Royal Academy from 1863-93, at The Royal Society of British Artists, Suffolk Street, the New Watercolour Society, at the Grosvenor Gallery and at the New Gallery.

    His subjects were mainly views of Surrey and the Southern counties. His landscapes were painted in a rich broad technique; they are natural, realistic and full of feeling for light and colour.

  • Aldine, Marc View paintings Biography

    1870 - 1955

    Antoine Bouvard was born at St. Jean-de-Bournay in L' Isere in 1870. He trained as an architect and studied art and architecture under Constant-Dufeus at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts in Paris. He became the Director of Architectural Services for the Seine, and was responsible for the construction of the Bourse du Travail and the Boulevard Morland in Paris.

    Bouvard was a great artist and his favourite subjects were the architecture and canals of Venice. His work shows the influence of Felix Ziem in his choice of warm colours and the fluidity of movement in his brush strokes. His paintings reflect the outstanding beauty of the city and he captures the unique lighting effects that are found there.

    The artist is known to have painted under his own name and frequently under the pseudonym Marc Aldine.

  • Andersen-Lundby, Anders View paintings Biography

    1841 - 1923

    Andersen-Lundby was born on 16th December, 1841 in Lundby, a town near Aalborg in Denmark. In 1861 the artist went to Copenhagen to pursue his artistic career. He stayed there for several years living within the artistic community. Andersen-Lundby moved to Munich in 1876 where he exhibited his works virtually every year. For the most part the artist painted winter landscapes often depicting late afternoon sunshine or dusk. His works are very atmospheric and his technique became very impressionistic towards the latter part of his life.

    Museums : Copenhagen, Munich, Trieste

  • Anderson, Sophie Biography

    1823-1903

    Sophie Anderson was born in Paris in 1823. Her early years were spent in rural France but with the outbreak of the 1848 Revolution she moved with her parents to America. Although largely self taught she had briefly trained under the artist Steuben in Paris and in America she established herself as a successful portrait painter. She married the English artist Walter Anderson.
    In 1854 they came to England and lived in London amongst other places. However, in 1871 she moved to Capri because of ill health but returned in 1894 settling in Falmouth.
    She is best known for painting scenes of Victorian childhood; her most famous work being ‘No Walk Today’. However, her works cover a wide range of genres including historical subjects and still life. She exhibited at the Grosvenor Gallery, the Society of British Artists, the British Institute and the Royal Academy. The museums of Birmingham, Leicester and the Walker Gallery in Liverpool have examples of her work in their collections.

  • Andreotti, Frederigo Biography

    1847-1930

    Frederigo Andreotti was born in Florence on the 6th March, 1847. He studied at the Academy there under the tutelage of Pollastrini and Tricca and he was subsequently made a professor and was awarded a scholarship. Andreotti was highly regarded in Florence during his lifetime and the king of Italy commissioned him to produce the large painting ‘Savonarola’ which was highly regarded and enhanced his reputation. He also executed many frescoes and decorative paintings in Florence.
    The artist was very popular abroad and between 1879 and 1883 he exhibited his work at the Royal Academy in London. He perfected the art of painting decorative genre paintings which often carried a romantic theme or told a story and he was renowned for painting 17th and 18th century Italian costumes and interiors.

    Exhibited: The Royal Academy (1879 - 1883)

  • Armfield, George Biography

    1808 - 1893

    George Armfield Smith (better known as George Armfield) was born and lived his life in London. He was an avid sportsman as well as being a prolific and popular painter of sporting subjects. Armfield exhibited between 1830 and 1839 under the name G. A. Smith but used George Armfield thereafter. He exhibited thirty two paintings at the Royal Academy between 1840 and 1862 and exhibited regularly at the British Institute and at the Suffolk Street Galleries until 1875.

    His work should not be confused with that of the less accomplished artist Edward Armfield. George Armfield painted dogs, especially terriers chasing birds, cats or mice and spaniels flushing ducks. At his best his paintings are technically very fine. He uses lively brush strokes which give an immediacy to the subject matter.

    Exhibited : The Royal Academy 1840 to 1862, British Institute, Society of British Artists, Suffolk Street.

  • Atamian, Charles Garabed View paintings Biography

    1872 - 1947

    Charles Garabed Atamian was an Armenian painter and illustrator of landscape and marine subjects. The majority of his works are oil paintings and he often depicted beach scenes, especially children playing in the sand.

    Atamian was born in Constantinople, but predominantly worked and exhibited in Paris. He exhibited at La Nationale from 1913 - 42, at the Independent Gallery from 1938 - 45, and he was made an Associate of La Nationale in 1927.

    Atamian's work has always been very popular and in high demand. He captures not only the luminosity of wet, sun-drenched sand, but also the charm of children playing in the 1920s and 1930s.

  • Bache, Otto Biography

    1839 - 1914

    Otto Bache was a Danish artist who painted historical subjects, landscapes, animals and portraits. Bache was born in Roskilde, Denmark on the 21st August 1839. He had a precocious talent and aged only ten years attended the Art Academy in Copenhagen where he was a pupil of W. Marstrand. Between 1866 and 1868 he travelled through France and Italy. In 1872 he became a member of the Copenhagen Art Academy and in 1887 he was nominated as a professor. Bache eventually became director of the Academy in 1905.

    Museums : Copenhagen, Stockholm

  • Bail, Joseph Biography

    1862 - 1921

    Joseph Bail was born in Limonest (Rhone) on January 22nd, 1862. He began his artistic career under the guidance of his father, Antoine-Jean Bail (1830-1918), followed by the Gérome and the great teacher Carolus-Duran. Bail had a precocious talent and Elisabeth Hardouin-Fugier praised him in her book , French Still Life Painters of the 19th Century writing, '...already at the tender age of 16 Bail showed an unrivalled virtuosity in his skill at depicting inanimate objects'. His first success was in 1878, at the age of 16, when he began to exhibit at the Paris Salon. He painted many genre and animal subjects, but it was for his interior scenes and still life compositions that Bail was renowned. His remarkable ability to capture the effects of either lamplight or daylight in his paintings led to considerable rewards, and he won numerous medals and honours between 1886 and 1902. He died in Paris on November 26th, 1921.

    Exhibited : Paris

    Museums : Lyon, Montreal, Mulhouse, Nancy, Saintes & Paris (Musee d'Art Moderne and Petit Palais)

  • Bale, Charles Thomas Biography

    fl. 1866 - 1890

    Charles Thomas Bale was a still life painter who worked in London during the second half of the 19th century. Little is known of the artist's life, except that he lived at 9 Poland Street in London in 1872. Records show that he exhibited his paintings between the years 1866 and 1890 but there is no official note of the date of his death.

    Bale predominantly painted fruit but he frequently incorporated pottery, glass and game into his compositions. He was a good draughtsman and he enjoyed showing his skill in painting different textures.

    It is likely that Bale would have known other still life artists of the period such as George Lance (1802-1864) and William Duffield (1816-1863), both of whom were exhibiting their works at the same time and his work bears their influence.

  • Bamber, Bessie View paintings Biography

    (c.1910)

    Bessie Bamber lived and worked in Liverpool, and specialised in painting cats and kittens. She normally signed her paintings with a monogram, and often painted on ivorine or glass.

    Bamber's style is detailed and her pictures are always carefully wrought. She was a clever creator of composition, her kittens are never mere portraits, but usually illustrated playing and surrounded by objects such as cotton reels, baskets, etc. Bamber used a variety of attractive colours in her pieces, usually warm reds and browns.

    Bessie Bamber painted at around the turn of the century - her pictures have always attracted a wide following and are sought after by collectors today.

  • Barber, Alfred Richardson View paintings Biography

    fl. 1879 - 1893

    Little is known about Alfred Richardson Barber, although he is listed in a number of reference books covering the 19th Century. He lived in Colchester towards the end of the 19th Century and his career flourished between 1879 and 1893. Barber specialised in animal and still life paintings.

    Exhibited : The Royal Society of British Artists, Suffolk Street, London (1879-1893).

  • Bates, David View paintings Biography

    1840 - 1921

    David Bates was born in Cambridgeshire. He spent most of his early life in Worcestershire, where he became apprenticed at the Royal Worcester Porcelain Works. A painter in both oils and watercolours, Bates visited the Trading Company in North Africa, before returning to paint landscapes of Wales and Scotland.

    Bates's paintings show the influence of Benjamin Williams Leader (1831-1923). His works achieved much recognition - Lord Leighton (the then President of theRoyal Academy) purchased a snow scene of Hollymount Woods. His paintings,which are usually inscribed with a title on the reverse, are much sought after bycollectors today.

    Exhibited : Royal Academy (1863-1893); Royal Society of British Artists; Grafton Gallery; New Watercolour Society
    Museums: Liverpool Museum - 'Interior of a Welsh Cottage'

  • Bechi, Luigi Biography

    Born 1830

    Luigi Bechi, an Italian painter, was born in Florence in 1830. He was a pupil of Bezzuoli and Pollastrini. He was honoured with a medal in Florence for his painting and he exhibited in the Suffolk Street Galleries, London, in 1879.

    Museums: Florence, Galerie d' Art Moderne: 'Casa Rustica' Genes: 'After The Squall' Madrid, Prado: 'Paysanne portant un vase'

  • Beningfield, Gordon Biography

    1936 - 1998

    Gordon Beningfield was one of Britain's finest landscape and animal artists. His love of the English Countryside is reflected in his paintings of not just the landscape, but the trees, flowers, butterflies within it.

    Gordon Beningfield was the outstanding countryside artist of his generation, who dedicated his life to fighting for the conservation of the traditional British countryside he loved so passionately and the way of life of those who live and work in it. Gordon's legacy stretches far beyond his superb paintings, with his many bestselling books, his vital role in the formation of the Countryside Restoration Trust and his tireless work for Butterfly Conservation and the Woodland Trust.

  • Bennett, Frank Moss View paintings Biography

    1874 - 1953

    Frank Moss Bennett was a London artist who specialised in painting portraits, genre and historical subjects.

    Bennett was born in Liverpool. He studied art at St John's Wood Art School, the Slade School, and at The Royal Academy Schools, where he won a gold medal and a travel scholarship.

    He is best known for his Elizabethan subjects, many of which became well known through calendars and other forms of popular reproduction.

    Exhibited : The Royal Academy (1898 -1928) Titles include : A Book Plate (1898), The Greek Runner Ladas Falling Dead as he goes to receive his crown at Olympia (1900) and Gay Birds (1903) The Royal Institute, The Paris Salon

  • Beresford, Frank Biography

    1881 - 1967

    Frank Ernest Beresford was painter of portraits; interiors, animals, landscapes and mural decoration.

    Beresford was born in Derby on 30th August 1881. He studied at the Derby School of Art between 1895 and 1900 and from there went to the St. John's Art School in London (1900 - 1901) and the Royal Academy Schools (1901- 1906).

    Following this period Beresford gained the British Institution Scholarship for two years. He also embarked on a painting tour which took him all around the world, including Japan.

    From 1906 Beresford exhibited his work in London (predominately at the Royal Academy) and abroad, securing him an international reputation. His work is represented in several important and renowned public collections.

    During World War Two, Beresford painted as a war artist for both the R.A.F. and the U.S.A.A.F. Several of the works from this period are on permanent exhibition at the U.S.A.A.F. Academy in Colorado Springs. Indeed the U.S.A.A.F. awarded Beresford an "Exceptional Service Award" - the highest civilian honour, only once previously granted to a Briton.

    During his artistic career, Beresford worked in South Africa and Rhodesia and completed a painting tour from the Cape to the Zambesi (a total trip of 12,000 miles!)

    He was a member of the United Society of Artists and of the New Society of Artists. He lived in London and later Northiam in Sussex.

  • Bernard O'Neil, George Biography

    1828 - 1917

    George Bernard O' Neill was born in Dublin in 1828. He was a prolific and charming painter of small genre scenes, often of children.

    O' Neill was a member of the Cranbrook Colony and his style bears an affinity with fellow members Thomas Webster and Frederick Daniel Hardy. He was a regular exhibitor at the Royal Academy from 1847 and one of his best known works 'Public Opinion', shown at the Royal Academy in 1863, is now held in the Leeds City Art Gallery. Manuscripts relating to this artist can be found at the Victoria and Albert Museum.

  • Bienvetu, Gustave Biography

    fl. 1877 - 1914

    Gustave Bienvetu was born in Paris. He studied painting under Jules Petit and Aumont, exhibiting at the Paris Salon of French Artists. Titles of works which he exhibited there include: Vase of Roses (1903) and Winter Flowers of Nice (1904). In 1906 he obtained a special commendation, and he exhibited at the Salon until 1914.

  • Birch, Samuel John Lamorna Biography

    1869 - 1955

    Samuel John Birch was born in Egremont, Cheshire, on 7th June 1869. As a boy he moved to Manchester and later to Halton, near Lancaster, working in an office or mill and painting at dawn or sunset before and after his work hours. As a result Birch was self-taught as an artist but he did spend a year in Paris at the Atelier Colarossi between 1895-96. From 1889 he regularly visited Cornwall and was influenced by Stanhope Forbes (1857-1947), who had settled at Newlyn in 1884 and who founded the Newlyn School of Art in 1899 with his wife Elizabeth Adela Armstrong. In 1897 Birch settled at St Buryan moving in 1902 (the year of his marriage) to Lamorna, near Penzance. At this time there was an artist named Lionel Birch living in Newlyn and at the suggestion of Stanhope Forbes, Samuel John Birch took the additional name of Lamorna in order to distinguish himself.

    A great deal of his work was carried out in Cornwall, but he did not confine himself to this area as he was a keen fisherman and he made frequent visits to Scotland, Wales, the North West of England and the West Country to indulge his twin passions of painting and fishing. Lamorna Birch established an excellent reputation and exhibited his work widely, including 227 pictures at The Royal Academy, where he exhibited for fifty consecutive years between 1905 and his death on 7th January 1955 at Lamorna.

    This magnificent painting dates from 1935/6 when Lamorna Birch was at the peak of his career, having just been elected a member of The Royal Academy in 1934. The view depicts Ben Nevis, the highest mountain in the United Kingdom, from the north west with a tributary of the River Lochy in full spate and close by is Inverlochy Castle, built in 1863 by the 1st Lord Abinger and now a world famous luxury hotel. In September 1873 Queen Victoria spent a week sketching and painting at Inverlochy Castle during a visit to Balmoral and she wrote in her diaries 'I never saw a lovelier or more romantic spot'. Lamorna Birch has captured the atmosphere of one of the most famous views in Scotland with consummate skill.

    Exhibited: Royal Academy, Glasgow Institute of the Fine Arts, Walker Art Gallery, Liverpool, Manchester City Art Gallery, Royal Society of Painters in Water Colours

    Museums : Tate Gallery, London

  • Biva, Henri Biography

    1848 - 1928

    Henri Biva was born in Paris, and was a pupil of A Nozal, and Leon Tanzi. His work was shown at an exhibition entitled 'Black and White' in 1886. He exhibited at the Salon des Artistes Francais, notably during the years of 1900, 1903, 1904, 1905. He was awarded an Honourable Mention for his landscapes in 1892, a Third Class medal in 1895, a Second Class Medal in 1896 and a Bronze Medal in 1900 - the same year he was made Chevalier de la Legion d'Honneur.

  • Blanchard, Antoine View paintings Biography

    1910 - 1988

    Antoine Blanchard was born in a village near Blois on the banks of the River Loire in 1910. His father had an important joinery business and was well known in the area. Perhaps it was through watching his father carving wood and producing fine craftsmanship that the artistic spirit was kindled in the young Blanchard. Soon his parents were actively encouraging Antoine by sending him to Blois for drawing lessons. They realised that this would only give him the rudiments and to achieve a successful artistic career he would need expert guidance. For this reason he was sent to Rennes to attend classes at the School of Beaux Arts.

    He studied for three years and developed a remarkable drawing skill, which was to prove invaluable in later life. Sadly, Antoine Blanchard's artistic hopes were put aside when he had to take over the family joinery business left to him by his father. He painted occasionally for pleasure, but had to refuse many important commissions from art dealers as business pressures were so great. He eventually retired from business and moved to Paris, where he lived until his death. Antoine Blanchard took no interest in the aspects of modern life and always depicted the elegance of life in Paris in the early 1900s.

  • Blinks, Thomas Biography

    1860 - 1912

    Thomas Blinks (1860-1912) was a London painter specialising in sporting and animal pictures. He exhibited at the Royal Academy and Suffolk Street. He was considered one of the best Victorian painters of foxhounds.

  • Bodeman, Willem Biography

    1806 - 1880

    Willem Bodeman was born in Amsterdam on 13th January, 1806. There is little recorded about this artist's early life or his first lessons in painting but he was born at the beginning of a wonderful period of revival in Dutch painting. The French had left the Netherlands in 1815 and a new pride in all things Dutch enabled the new Romantic School of painting to flourish. The most famous of these artists were Schelfhout and B.C. Koekkoek who looked back at the great Dutch 17th century masters for inspiration and then interpreted their genre in a new and inspiring way. Dutch landscape painting flourished and these paintings were in demand from the wealthy middle classes living in the cities.

    Bodeman must have shown exceptional talent as a young artist as he was able to accompany B.C. Koekkoek on a travelling expedition through Belgium and Germany between 1827 and 1830. During these years he watched Koekkoek at work and the master's influence upon him was great.

    In 1847 Bodeman travelled to England. He exhibited two paintings at the Royal Academy and one at the British Institute, giving his address as 14 Howland Street. It is not known how long Bodeman remained in London but it is likely that he returned to Holland fairly shortly after the exhibitions. His work was well thought of in the Netherlands and some of his work was engraved by H.J. Verboeckhoven.

  • Bond, William Joseph Julius Ceasar Biography

    1833 - 1926

    William Joseph Julius Caesar Bond (born in Knotty Ash) was a premier artist of the Liverpool school which was greatly influenced by J.M.W Turner. However, Bond developed his own completely distinctive style. His paintings are usually executed in warm colours, are light in touch and quite impressionistic. He painted several beach and coastal scenes, as well as some very attractive small estuary and canal scenes, of both the U.K and Holland. His media was both oils and watercolour, but of the two he preferred oils. His watercolours are quite rare.

  • Borione, Bernard Louis Biography

    Born 1865

    Bernard Louis Borione was born in Paris in 1865. He was a pupil of his father and the artist Evariste Luminais and he specialised in painting genre subjects and interiors. The domestic antics of members of the higher echelons of the Roman Catholic Church exercised a powerful fascination for a number of popular painters and their patrons in the second half of the nineteenth century and in this Borione was no exception. As we can see here, these intimate portrayals of the life of the clergy are at once amusing and full of character but also highly skilful in execution. The use of Episcopal purple or crimson enhances the artist's palette and adds richness to an already sumptuous interior. Borione exhibited his paintings at the Salon des Artistes Francais and his works were as popular then as they are now.

  • Bouvard Sr , Antoine View paintings Biography

    1870 - 1955

    Antoine Bouvard was born at St. Jean-de-Bournay in L' Isere in 1870. He trained as an architect and studied art and architecture under Constant-Dufeus at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts in Paris. He became the Director of Architectural Services for the Seine, and was responsible for the construction of the Bourse du Travail and the Boulevard Morland in Paris.

    Bouvard was a great artist and his favourite subjects were the architecture and canals of Venice. His work shows the influence of Felix Ziem in his choice of warm colours and the fluidity of movement in his brush strokes. His paintings reflect the outstanding beauty of the city and he captures the unique lighting effects that are found there.

    The artist is known to have painted under his own name and frequently under the pseudonym Marc Aldine.

  • Brandeis, Antonietta Biography

    b. 1849

    Antonietta Brandeis was born in Miskowitz, Austria in 1849. She studied under Karel Javurek in Prague before moving to Venice to become a pupil at the Academy.

    The development of international tourism in the nineteenth century meant that many more people were travelling to the beauty spots of Europe. Venice was a very popular destination for these travellers and the demand for paintings of Venice grew. This demand resulted in an influx of artists to Venice who all produced topographical views of the city and its environs. The presence of painters from Austria, such as Eugene de Blaas and F. R. Unterberger is not surprising in view of the fact that Venice was under Austrian rule for part of the century. Brandeis was another such artist. Her paintings were enormously popular and provided visitors with exquisite mementos of their time in the city. She painted the famous landmarks in intricate detail and captured the light and vitality which is the essence of Venice. Brandeis also went to Rome and Florence and painted there but it is her depictions of Venice which are the most sought after.

    Museums : Museum Revoltella, Trieste, Italy

  • Breanski Senior, Alfred de View paintings Biography

    1852 - 1928

    Breanski originally came from Greenwich but he specialised in painting Welsh and Scottish landscapes, in particular highland lochs at sunset. In later life he also painted a number of views of the Thames, including a picture of Windsor Castle.

    He was a meticulous painter, who almost always recorded the exact location of his paintings with an inscription on the reverse of the canvas and occasionally, the day's date. From 1869 he was a frequent exhibitor at the Royal Academy London, the Royal Society of British Artists Suffolk Street and the New Watercolour Society. His work was highly acclaimed and much sought after. His paintings feature in the collections of several museums and public art galleries around the world. The Sydney Museum in Australia holds 'A Welsh Road - The Village Inn'. His two sons Gustave and Alfred Fontville were both painters, but their work was not of the same quality as Alfred's.

  • Brereton, James View paintings Biography

    b. 1954

    James Brereton is a specialist in marine painting. His paintings show a meticulous attention to detail in his portrayal of sailing ships and boats alongside beautiful seascapes and sunsets. James Brereton was born in Derby and studied at the Joseph Wright School in Derby. He decided to concentrate on marine painting at a young age, becoming a professional artist in 1979. His main influences are Thomas Somerscales, Montague Dawson and Charles Dixon. He has exhibited widely in England, including the Royal Society of Marine Artists in London. His works are illustrated in Denys Brook-Hart's book on Twentieth Century Marine Paintings.

  • Brispot, Henri Biography

    1846 - 1928

    Henri Brispot was born on 5th July in Beauvais in France.

    He was a contemporary of Jean Beraud and they were both pupils of Leon Bonnat. Both artists were very successful in recording Parisian society during the Belle Epoque and each owe their inspiration to Impressionists such as Degas and Manet.

    Brispot was best known for his genre scenes, usually figure subjects in interiors. In this painting the artist portrays a gentleman's club; the members relaxing and enjoying the new and fashionable game of Bridge which had been introduced into England and America in the early 1890s. 'Contract Bridge' was perfected by Harold S. Vanderbilt in 1925.

    Gentleman's clubs were an essential part of life in Paris at the turn of the century and games such as Billiards and Bridge became enormously popular with both the aristocracy and the bourgeoisie. At these clubs gentlemen could while away the hours conversing or conducting business over the green baise, their pipe smoke clouding the atmosphere. Brispot captures this atmosphere perfectly and he effortlessly creates each charming character with skill and realism.

    The artist exhibited his works at the Salon until 1927. He received an Honourable Mention in 1881, a third class medal in 1885 and a silver medal at the Exposition Universelle in Paris in 1889.

    Brispot died in Paris in 1928.

    Museums : Abbeville, Dieppe, Epinal, Rouen.

    Literature : Benezit; Poltimore

  • Bristow, Edmund Biography

    1787 - 1876

    Edmund Bristow was born on April 1st, 1787 at Eton and lived the whole of his life in Windsor. His father was a heraldic painter and Bristow mainly painted sporting and animal subjects, as well as landscapes which often included views of Windsor and Eton College characters of the day. His paintings were mostly small in scale, beautifully observed and with great attention to detail. He was a friend of Sir Edwin Landseer, RA (1802-1873) and it is said that he gave the young Landseer advice and help. In spite of being somewhat of a recluse with eccentric views, Bristow had some important patrons from the Court, including the Princess Elizabeth and the Duke of Clarence, later William IV. A painting of the same size titled 'Preparing for Market' which was exhibited at the British Institution in 1826, no. 257, was probably a companion to 'Off to Market'.

    Exhibited : Royal Academy 1809-1829, British Institution, Suffolk Street

    Museums : Hanover, Hull, Leicester, Nottingham

    Literature : The Dictionary of British Equestrian Artists by Sally Mitchell. A Dictionary of British Sporting Painters by Sydney Pavière.

  • Bromley, William Biography

    fl. 1835 - 1888

    William Bromley was born in London around 1815 and he was the grandson of the renowned engraver William Bromley I (1769-1842). After starting his career as an engraver he turned to painting genre subjects, especially compositions of children playing games or with their pets. Bromley's style, along with that of his contemporaries such as Thomas Webster, RA (1800-1886), was influenced by the work of the Scottish painter Sir David Wilkie, RA (1785-1841) and the Irish artist William Mulready, RA (1786-1863). Wilkie and Mulready had modelled their technique on that of Teniers and the 17th century Flemish School, in depicting scenes of every day life which in themselves told a story.

  • Brown, William Marshall View paintings Biography

    1863-1936

    William Marshall Brown was born on the 3rd January, 1863 and educated in Edinburgh. He was a painter of figure subjects with a background of landscapes or seascapes. He also painted portraits.

    Marhsall Brown studied art at the Royal Institute, Edinburgh and the Royal Scottish Academy Life School. He received the Chalmers Bursary and Stewart Prize in 1888 and was elected an Associate of the Royal Scottish Academy in 1909 and a Member in 1928. He was also made a Member of the Royal Scottish Watercolour Society in 1929. He painted in Holland and France including such works as 'A Breton Washing Pool' and 'Concarneau'. In addition, he also worked widely in Scotland and spent some time living in Edinburgh and at Cockburnspath in Berwickshire.

    William Marshall Brown died on the 26th April, 1936.

  • Brunery, Marcel Biography

    1893 -1982

    Marcel Brunery was born in Paris and came from a family of respected artists. He was the Grandson of Francesco Gonin (Turin 1808 - Giaverno 1889) who painted romantic subjects for the Royal Piedmont Court and the son of Francois Brunery (Turin 1849 -Paris 1926). Although the Brunery family established themselves as artists in Paris and London they never forgot their Italian origins.

    Marcel painted cardinal and historical scenes. His style (like many other artists of this genre) was to make fun of the Lords of the Church and he delighted in portraying them in domestic dramas. Brunery's paintings showed that the clergy was no different from the humble flock they presumed to lead and that they were victims of the same mundane trials and tribulations of everyday life.

    Brunery's canvases are lavishly painted in a masterly way, accounting for his popularity, which has remained constant over the years.

    Exhibited : Independants (1935) 'La Lecon'

  • Buchner, Hans Biography

    1856 - 1941

    Literature : Philip Hook Mark Poltimore, Popular 19th Century Painting - A Dictionary of European Genre Painters, Woodbridge 1986, page 305 (illustrated)

    Born in Germany in 1856, Buchner enjoyed painting from an early age and it is probable that he studied in Paris, although he spent most of his life in Munich. Buchner, along with esteemed contemporaries such as Reggianini, Ricci and Soulacroix, focused on portraying images of the sheer luxury of the previous century. Taste and elegance were keynotes in the pictorial reinterpretation of the age and conversation pieces such as this example were an ideal vehicle for showing elegant figures in sumptuous surroundings. In this painting, Buchner dwells lovingly on the richness of texture in the lady's dress, the upholstery and wall coverings. The furniture is depicted in all its magnificence and the coquettish pose of the young lady is both attractive and intriguing.

  • Burns, Colin View paintings Biography

    Born 1944

    Colin Burns is a renowned painter of landscape, sporting art and natural history subjects. Born in Norfolk, many of Colin’s paintings depict views of East Anglia, the beauty of which has inspired so many fine artists from the 18th century to the present day. However, he is equally adept at capturing the highlands of Scotland and many other beautiful unspoilt areas of England.

    He has held seven one-man exhibitions in London and his work is represented in many important private collections, both in Europe and America.

  • Caffyn, Walter Wallor View paintings Biography

    1845-1898

    Walter Wallor Caffyn specialised in painting landscapes, in particular harvesting and river scenes. He lived for many years at Dorking in Surrey and he painted the local views there and in neighbouring Sussex. He also made intermittent excursions to Yorkshire.

    By the end of the 19th century, as a consequence of the Industrial Revolution, a large and prosperous middle class had emerged in England. Many people had moved away from the country into the city to further their business interests and they wanted paintings which would remind them of their rural past. This created a huge demand for landscape paintings and Caffyn and his contemporaries produced many paintings to satisfy this market.

    Like many Victorian painters, Caffyn was attracted to Surrey because of its woodland, rolling hills and picturesque cottages. He painted using a fluid brush stroke and natural colours with touches of warm reds, yellows and browns. Often in his work he incorporates an impressive panoramic view over distant landscape in the background whilst creating intimacy in the foreground with quite detailed foliage and flowers. He often painted birds in his work; it is not unusual to find a kingfisher hidden away somewhere or a moorhen skimming the water.

    Caffyn was a very English artist and his paintings were popular with his contemporaries. He painted several works in collaboration with the Angling painter H.L. Rolfe.

    Exhibited : Royal Academy 1876-1879; Royal Society of British Artists (Suffolk Street); Royal Institute of Oil Painters

  • Carabain, Jacques Francois Biography

    1834 - 1907

    Jacques Francois Carabain was a Dutch artist recognised for his paintings of street scenes. He was born in Amsterdam in 1834 and died a naturalised Belgian in Brussels 1907.

    Carabain was a student of Doyer and V. Bing at the Amsterdam School of Fine Art and continued his studies in Brussels. He also spent periods abroad in France, Italy, Germany and Austria before moving permanently to Belgium. His paintings were highly detailed studies of the places he visited often containing active street scenes busy with colourful people amongst accurately recorded buildings.

  • Carmichael, John Wilson Biography

    1800 - 1868

    John Wilson Carmichael was born in Newcastle in 1800. He was the son of a ship's carpenter and was apprenticed to a ship builder before turning to painting as a full time career. Carmichael studied under Thomas Miles Richardson Snr, who had a studio near to Carmichael's in Blackett Street. He travelled extensively visiting Holland, Italy and the Baltic (where he recorded the Crimean War for the Illustrated London News).

    Carmichael was an extremely versatile artist, painting landscape and architectural subjects. However, marine painting was his first love. Many of his pictures are of the North-East coast of Newcastle, in particular Whitby and Scarborough. Several of Carmichael's paintings are in public collections. The Laign Art Gallery held a Centenary Exhibition of his work in 1968.

    Exhibited : The Northern Academy of Arts, Newcastle; The Royal Academy (1835-1849); The British Institute; The Royal Society of British Artists in Suffolk Street.

    Museums : The National Maritime Museum at Greenwich; Gateshead, Sunderland and Newcastle Museums

  • Cheviot, Lilian View paintings Biography

    fl. 1920s

    The British artist Lilian Cheviot specialised in animal and figure subjects. She studied at Frank Calderon's School of Animal Painting and at Walter Donne's Life School. She lived in South-Molesey, Surrey and Kensington.

    Exhibited : Royal Academy - 'There's many a Slip' (1895) and 'Kittens' (1899)

  • Chialiva, Luigi Biography

    1842 - 1914

    Luigi Chialiva was born in Castano, Switzerland in 1842. He was a pupil of Gottfried Semper at the Polytechnic Institute in Zurich and then studied under Mancini at the School of Art in Milan. In 1868 he won 1st Prize from the Mylins Foundation, where he submitted an animal painting. In 1872 Chialiva went to Paris, where he lived for ten years. He continued to travel in Europe, becoming a friend of Degas in Rome, and visiting England on many occasions.

    During the 19th century, the depiction of farm animals achieved widespread popularity. The origins of this genre were in 17th century Dutch and Flemish painting but in the 19th century each country had its favoured masters : Verboeckhoven in Belgium, Thomas Sidney Cooper in England, Bonheur in France, Voltz and Zugel in Germany, the Palizzis in Italy and Chialiva in Switzerland. Their paintings were always part of the rural tradition but they were now purchased by men whose wealth had been created in towns, but who were nostalgic for an image of the country.

    Chialiva's works were well received throughout his lifetime and his detailed paintings of sheep were particularly popular in France, Italy and Switzerland.

    Exhibited : Paris Salon, Societe Nationale des Beaux Arts, Venice Biennale 1902

    Museums : Paris, Rome, Sheffield

  • Choultse, Ivan Biography

    1877 - 1939

    Ivan Choultse was born in St. Petersburg to a family of German origin named Schultze. He trained under Krighitsky. At the time of the Russian Revolution he escaped to Paris where he adopted the French transliteration of his name, Choultse. Although he never returned to Russia, his work was recognised there during his lifetime.

    Choultse exhibited at the Paris Salon in 1923 and 1924. Today his paintings can be found in many Russian Museums. There are also four paintings by Choultse at Hillwood, Washington DC which is perhaps the most representative collection of Russian decorative arts outside the former Soviet Union.

  • Clare, Oliver Biography

    1853 - 1927

    Oliver Clare was a still life painter of fruit and flowers. He was the son of George Clare and the brother of Vincent, both of whom painted still life subjects. The family lived and worked in Birmingham.

    His paintings, often painted in pairs, demonstrated considerable skill in capturing the textures of fruits, especially grapes, plums, peaches and gooseberries. Clare's subjects are often set against mossy backgrounds producing a more informal composition than many of his contemporary artists.

    Clare's pictures are now much sought after by collectors in Britain, Japan and the United States of America.

    Exhibited : Royal Academy ; Royal Society of British Artists, Suffolk Street.

  • Clare, Vincent Biography

    c. 1855 - 1930

    Vincent Clare was a Still Life painter who was living c1855-1930. He was the son of George Clare and the brother of Oliver Clare both of whom painted Still Life subjects. The family lived in Birmingham, where Vincent exhibited. All three members of the family have become highly regarded in their field and their works have become collectors items.

    Exhibited : Birmingham

  • Clays, Paul Jean Biography

    1819 - 1900

    Paul Jean Clays was born in Bruges on November 27th 1819. Clays spent several years working at sea before becoming an artist. On moving to Paris, to pursue his ambitions, he became a student of renowned marine artists Baron Gudin and Horace Vernet. Like many marine painters of his generation his style is heavily influenced by the masters of the 17th Century and his subjects often recall that period.

    In 1867 he was made Chevalier of the Legion of Honour. He died on February 10th, 1900, in Brussels where he had resided for many years.

    Museums : Musees de Beaux Arts, Antwerp; Musee Royaux des Beaux Arts de Belgique, Brussels; Leicester Museums and Art Gallery; Graves Art Gallery, Sheffield; The Metropolitan Museum, New York; The National Gallery, London

    Literature : Dictionary of Sea Painters, E.H.H. Archibald

  • Clayton, Harold View paintings Biography

    1896 - 1979

    Harold Clayton was born in London in 1896. He came from an artistic family and was sent to art school in Hackney at an early age. After graduating with distinction, he moved to Harrow Art School and completed the course, once again, with distinction. From here he was sent to Hornsey College of Art where he studied graphic design and commercial art - graduating, as ever, with distinction (even though he was not particularly enamoured of this art form). Finally, he went to St. Martins School of Art where he studied under the celebrated Art Master Norman Jones.

    Meticulous attention to detail and his love of the garden were the two predominant forces which shaped his painting. Although he was a master of many mediums it is primarily for still life flower paintings that he became famous. This is ironic as he completed relatively few flower paintings in his life. He painted approximately one painting per month, which accounts for both the scarcity of his still life paintings and their quality.

  • Conti, Tito Biography

    1842 - 1924

    Tito Conti was a very highly respected genre painter. He was born in Florence on 3rd September 1842 and died in 1924. His work is renowned for its graceful figures, precise craftsmanship and vibrant colours.

    Museums: The Mayence Museum; The Modern Art Gallery in Florence

    Bibliography : "Popular 19th Century Genre Painting" - Philip Hook and Mark Poltimore (London 1986) (Includes several illustrations)"Dictionnaire des Peintres Sculpteurs Dessinateurs et Graveurs" - E. Benezit

  • Cooke, E. W Biography

    1811 - 1880

    E. W. Cooke's family was centred on the world of engraving and etching on copper, as both his father, George, and his uncle were specialists in this field, engraving the work of many leading artists of the day such as John Sell Cotman, James Stark, Clarkson Stanfield and J. M. W. Turner.

    Cooke also trained as an engraver, demonstrating his precocious talent with the publication in 1828-29 of Fifty Plates of Shipping and Craft. His remarkable attention to detail and draughtsmanship was also evident from his earliest drawings and paintings, but Cooke's supreme skill was to combine meticulous accuracy with the ability to imbue his pictures with atmosphere.

    Whilst Cooke's passion for the sea and sailing vessels of all sizes and descriptions became the subject matter for which he is best remembered, his knowledge of geology and botany was also extensive, and he participated in the engraving of the periodical The Botanical Cabinet, along with his father and George Loddiges, of the nurserymen Conrad Loddiges & Sons. Cooke executed around 400 of the 2,000 plates. In 1840 he married George Loddiges' daughter, Jane. His election as a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1863 came just before his membership of the Royal Academy in 1864.

    Throughout his career as a painter, Edward Cooke travelled extensively in Europe visiting Holland, Italy, Spain, North Africa and Scandinavia. Paintings and drawings resulted from all his travels, but it is evident that the places which provided the strongest fascination for him alongside the southern coastline of England were the beaches and estuaries of Holland and the topography of Venice.

    Amongst Cooke's favourite Dutch subjects were the sands at Scheveningen, Scheveling and the beach at Katwijk, which nestles in the dunes near Leiden. Willem van de Velde the Elder and his son, Willem the younger, had both painted these shores and after they had emigrated to England in 1672 to work for the King at Greenwich, the English school of marine painters was established. Their influence on Cooke was profound and some of his finest, most atmospheric paintings depicted the flat-bottomed fishing craft, known as 'pincks', drawn up on the sand with the wind whipping through their sails. Around the boats, fishermen wade through the glassy shallows, securing anchors and unloading their catch.

    The device of an artist 'concealing' his name within a painting, in addition to his signature, was common enough amongst artists and Cooke was no exception. In this painting the most prominent vessel is named 'Van Kook' on its stern, demonstrating Cooke's desire to be counted as a Dutchman.

    Cooke's first visit to Venice was in 1850 and he returned there a further nine times before his last visit in 1877. Inspired by the works of Canaletto, Bellotto and Guardi which he had seen in English collections and moved by Turner's Venetian paintings, it was natural that Cooke should wish to witness for himself the magic of this great city. It was in Venice that Cooke met the critic John Ruskin and they became friends. Cooke's paintings reflected his love of architecture but he was equally captivated by the colourful craft of the lagoon, which he often painted set against spectacular sunsets.

    Edward William Cooke is recognised today as one of the great marine artists of the 19th century. John Munday's superb book, published in 1996, draws on Cooke's diaries and other documents in the possession of the artist's family and is a fascinating account of this remarkable man.

    Exhibited : Royal Academy, London, 1835-1879 (129 works)British Institution, London, 1835-1867 (115 works)Suffolk Street Museums : National Maritime Museum; Greenwich Tate Gallery; London Shipley Art Gallery, Gateshead; Auckland City Art Gallery; National Gallery of New South WalesLiterature : John Munday, 'E. W. Cooke - A Man of His Time', 1996, Antique Collectors' Club

  • Cooper, Thomas Sidney Biography

    1803 - 1902

    Cooper was an animal painter, who was encouraged by Abraham Cooper (no relation) and by Sir Thomas Lawrence. He studied at the Royal Academy Schools. In 1827 he became a teacher in Brussels, and met the very distinguished Belgian animal painter Eugene Verboeckhoven. This greatly influenced his style, as did his exposure to paintings of the Dutch School of the 17th century.

    In 1831 he settled in London and first exhibited at the Suffolk Street Galleries in 1833. He exhibited 48 pictures at the British Institute between 1833 and 1863.

    'Landscape and Cattle', exhibited at the Royal Academy in 1833 was the first of a series of 266 exhibits shown there until 1902, without a break - a record for continuous exhibiting at the Academy. Sheep or cattle were his constant subjects, but in 1846 he attempted a large historical painting 'The Defeat of Kellermann's Cuirassiers at Waterloo'. This and 'Hunting Scene', shown at the RA in 1890, were his only figure studies.

    Between 1848 and 1856 he painted the cattle in numerous landscapes by Frederick Lee and also the animals in landscapes by Thomas Creswick. After about 1870 his commissions were so constant and lucrative that he was tempted to yield to facile repetition of his favourite themes, but the quality and competence of his style only began to decline in the 1890s, by which time he was an old man.

    His studio sale at Christie's lasted three days between 12th and 15th April, 1902.

  • Cortes, Edouard-Leon View paintings Biography

    1882 - 1969

    Cortès spent most of his life in the small town of Lagny, which is about 20 miles east of Paris. He devoted his career to painting the gloriously colourful scenes of Paris during the Belle Epoque, capturing the famous monuments in many different lights, weathers and viewpoints. Lively figures are depicted going about their business and dramatic lines of perspective lead our eye down the boulevard. His paintings often portray the scene as the light fades towards the end of the afternoon and the pavement has a sheen to it suggesting a recent shower. The vitality and atmosphere of a moment are captured with great realism.

    Exhibited : Society des Artistes Francais, Salon des Independants, Salon d'Automne, Salon d'Hiver

  • Couldery, Horatio Henry View paintings Biography

    1832 - 1893

    Horatio Henry Couldery was born in Lewisham, south London and was initially apprenticed to a cabinet maker, before enrolling as a pupil at the Royal Academy in 1857, at the age of twenty five. He was one of the best known Victorian painters of animals and was predominantly known for his highly detailed portrayals of cats, although he was also a fine painter of dog subjects. In common with several of his contemporaries, it is probable that Couldery was influenced by the work of Sir Edwin Landseer (1802-1873), the most famous 19th century painter of dogs and animals who was a personal friend of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert. Whilst Couldery's style differed from that of Landseer, his compositions share the anecdotal nature of Landseer's work. Couldery lived in London and exhibited paintings at the Royal Academy between 1861 and 1892. In his Academy Notes of 1875, the art critic Ruskin commented upon Couldery's painting titled 'A Fascinating Tail' :"Quite the most skilful piece of minute and Dureresque painting in the exhibition". Couldery's work is highly collected today not just because of his technical skill at capturing the texture of fur but also because of the attention he paid to the expressions of his animal subjects.

    Exhibited : Royal Academy, Royal Society of British Artists, Royal Institute of Oil Painters, Royal Society of Artists, Birmingham, Walker Art Gallery, Liverpool, Manchester City Art Gallery, Royal Hibernian Academy

    Museums : Norwich, Nottingham

  • Courbould, Alfred Biography

    fl. 1831 - 1875

    Alfred Corbould was a London based painter of sporting art. His subjects were predominantly dogs and shooting scenes.

    Corbould was a regular exhibitor at the Royal Academy between 1835 and 1875 as well as exhibiting with the British Institution and the Society of British Artists, Suffolk Street.

  • Croegaert, Georges Biography

    1848 -1923

    Georges Croegaert was born in Anvers in 1848. He spent most of his life in Paris where he became a portrait and genre painter.

    Georges Croegaert is particularly well known for his paintings of cardinals. He usually depicted them in lavish interiors, sometimes engaging in conversation, taking tea or eating a meal. His works are highly narrative with objects in the background which contribute to the scene. Croegaert had a marvellous eye for detail and his pictures have a tapestry effect, with different strands and textures woven together. He used a rich variety of colours - delighting in warm reds, yellows, deep bottle-green and gold.

    Croegaert also painted outdoor genre scenes with figures set against a landscape. As with his interior pictures, the outdoor paintings portrayed various activities, such as shooters bathing in a forest.

    Exhibited : Salon des Artists Francais

    Museums : Museum of Sydney in Australia.

  • Cuneo, Terence Tenison Biography

    1907 - 1996

    Cuneo was born in London, the son of Cyrus and Nell Cuneo, artists who met while studying with Whistler in Paris. Terence Cuneo studied at the Chelsea Polytechnic and the Slade School of Art, before working as an illustrator for magazines, books and periodicals. In 1936 he started working in oils, continuing with his illustration work. During World War II he served as a sapper but also worked for the War Artists Advisors Committee, providing illustrations of aircraft factories and wartime events.

    After the war, Cuneo was commissioned to produce a series of works illustrating railways, bridges and locomotives. A significant point in his career was his appointment as official artist for the Coronation of Elizabeth II, which brought his name before the public world-wide. He received more commissions from industry, which included depicting manufacturing, mineral extraction and road building, including the M1. He was most famous for his passion for engineering subjects, particularly locomotives and the railway as a whole. But in fact Cuneo painted over a wide range, from big game in Africa to landscapes. Further success was achieved in his regimental commissions, battle scenes and incidents as well as portraits (including H.M. the Queen, and Field Marshal Montgomery).

    Many of these works include a small mouse (sometimes lifelike, sometimes cartoon-like), his trademark. They can be difficult to detect, and many people enjoy scouring his paintings to find one. Even some of his portraits of the famous contain a mouse.

    His work has been used in every conceivable manner, from book jackets and model railway catalogues to posters and jigsaws and even Royal Mail postage stamps. It can be found in many museums and galleries, including Guildhall Art Gallery and the Royal Institution.

    Revered by many of his peers and well-liked by the public, Cuneo was awarded the OBE and was a CVO. A 1.5 times life size bronze memorial statue of Cuneo, by Philip Jackson, stands in the main concourse at Waterloo Station in London. It was commissioned by the Terence Cuneo Memorial Trust (established March 2002) to create a permanent memorial to the artist, together with an annual prize at the Slade School of Art, given by the Trust. In tribute to Cuneo's trademark, the statue includes a hidden mouse peering from under a book by the artist's feet.

  • Dahl, Hans Biography

    1849 - 1937

    Hans Dahl was born in Hardanger, Norway on 19th February, 1849. He began his career as an artist whilst attending the Military Academy in Christiana, studying under J.F. Eckersberg and K. Bergslien.

    From 1872 he studied drawing at the Art Academy in Karlsruhe in Germany under the tuition of Riefstahls and Hans Gude and he then moved on for further study to the Academy in Dusseldorf. Dahl had his first exhibitions in Dusseldorf and Philadelphia in 1876 and his work was well received. He eventually settled in Berlin in 1888 and stayed there for the rest of his life, taking on his own pupils from 1910.

    Dahl specialised in painting the beautiful landscapes of Norway depicting the monumental mountains and fijords. Unlike his contemporary Normann, who also painted the fijords, Dahl nearly always included figures in his landscapes. In this magnificent painting the charming young peasant girl is wistfully gazing over the water, perhaps thinking of her beau in the distant boat. This gives a romantic element to the painting which contrasts well with the grandeur of the landscape. The perspective in the painting is executed with masterly precision and ones eye is drawn towards the centre of the work by the dramatic diagonal lines and then on to the far shore. The sky is very atmospheric and the artist's use of light is highly skilful. Dahl painted many works throughout his life but this work shows Dahl at his very best.

    Exhibited : Berlin (Art Academy), Munich, Dusseldorf, Vienna, Philadelphia

  • Dargelas, Andre-Henri Biography

    1828 - 1906

    Andre-Henri Dargelas was born in Bordeaux on 11th October 1828. In 1854 he began his studies at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts in Paris where he was a pupil of Picot. He began exhibiting at the Paris Salon in 1857.

    Dargelas was a Realist painter. This movement started in France at the beginning of the 19th century and was a reaction against the great historical artists of the previous century. The Realist artists painted scenes from everyday life and artists such as Dargelas, Edouard Frere and Paul Seignac chose the theme of the innocence of childhood as their main subject matter. Edouard Frere moved away from Paris to Ecouen and started an artist's community there. Names of many of the artists of the Ecouen school remain unknown but Dargelas was part of their circle.

    Dargelas painted endearing scenes that typified family life. The quality of naivete infuses these themes and the simplicity of his style suggests indebtedness to the genre scenes of Chardin which were receiving considerable attention at that time. His sympathetic interest in children made his works very appealing to collectors both in France and abroad. In the early 1850s the famous English art critic John Ruskin had written a very enthusiastic article on these sentimental visions of childhood and this increased the demand for them in England.

    Dargelas, Frere and their followers painted the lower classes with purity and wholesomeness and this alleviated the real misery of their lives which other Realist artists dedicated themselves to revealing. The theme of the schoolroom was another popular theme. These works seem to underscore the enlightened contemporary idea of the importance of education for the masses.

    Dargelas died in Ecouen in June, 1906.

  • De Clausade, Pierre View paintings Biography

    1910 - 1975

    Pierre de Clausade was born in Paris on the 15th April 1910. Although he did not begin to paint for exhibition until he was 31, the desire to express himself through painting had occurred to him many years before. Clausade felt that, in addition to a thorough knowledge of his craft, he must experiment - following the example of his contemporaries Braque, Matisse and Picasso. After many years of trial and error he felt sufficiently confident to hold his first exhibition in Paris in 1943. The exhibition was a phenomenal success and as a result further shows were held during the following years.

    Pierre de Clausade exhibited regularly at the Société Nationale des Beaux-Arts and became a member of the Salon d'Hiver. Then his fame spread abroad and his paintings entered many distinguished collections, including that of the Brazilian Ambassador and the Boston and Minneapolis Museums of Fine Art. Despite this success Clausade continued to develop his technique, striving for perfection and the satisfaction of his analytical nature. Pierre de Clausade was awarded the great honour of the Medaille d'Argent by the jury of the Paris Salon in January 1953. He died in 1975 and with him passed one of the most dramatic and striking expressions of the individual art has seen for many years.

  • De Neuville, Alfred-Arthur Brunel Biography

    1852 - 1941

    Alfred-Arthur Brunel de Neuville was born in Paris and specialised in still life paintings and paintings of animals, especially cats. He exhibited at the Societe des Artistes Francais from 1879 and was elected a member in 1907.

    Museums : Beziers, Brest, Chateau Thierry, Louviers

  • Deschamps, Gabriel View paintings Biography

    Born 1919

    Gabriel Deschamps was born in 1919 and studied at the Ecole Nationale Superieure des Beaux Arts in Paris. From 1939 he was a State Art Professor and a member of the Paris Autumn Salon. He was best known for his evocative landscapes depicting Provence, where he had a house and the spectacular coastline of the South of France. His paintings perfectly capture the fresh, vibrant colours and the intense quality of light in that region.

    Deschamps' paintings were sold to many collectors in the United Kingdom in his lifetime and his works are represented in important private collections in Switzerland, Belgium, Brazil, USA and Argentina.

    Exhibited : Paris, Algiers, Oran and Casablanca

    Museums : Casablanca

  • Diaz de la Pena, Narcisse Virgilio Biography

    1807- 1876

    Diaz was born in Bordeaux to Spanish parents. At the age of ten he became an orphan and misfortune dogged his early years.
    At fifteen he entered the studios at Sèvres, working in the decoration of porcelain but he later turned to painting. Turkish and Oriental scenes attracted him and he took to painting Eastern figures dressed in richly coloured garments; he also spent much time at Barbizon painting landscapes.
    Around 1831 Díaz encountered Théodore Rousseau, for whom he possessed a great veneration, despite the fact that Rousseau was four years his junior. At Fontainebleau Díaz saw Rousseau painting his wonderful forest pictures, and was determined to paint in the same way if possible. He observed his working methods and eventually became his friend.
    Díaz exhibited many pictures at the Paris Salon between 1831 and 1859 and was decorated in 1851. After 1871, his works became very fashionable and he became revered as a great Barbizon painter. Diaz also painted some floral subjects. He was a friend of Renoir and his painting style influenced Monticelli and Fantin-Latour, the great still life artist.
    Diaz died on 18th November 1876 and in 1881 he posthumously received the Légion d’honneur. His flower paintings can be found in several museums including Grenoble, Marseille, Leeds City Art Gallery, National Gallery of Scotland in Edinburgh and Glasgow Art gallery.

  • Diderich Ottesen, Otto Biography

    1816 - 1892

    The nineteenth century Danish artist Otto Diderich Ottesen was a painter of still life predominantly floral arrangements.

    Ottesen studied under J.G. Berg at the Academy in Copenhagen between 1834 and 1843. He became a member of the Academy in 1866 and professor in 1874.

    The works of Ottesen are very popular and are collected world wide.

  • Dodd, Arthur Charles Biography

    fl. 1878 - 1891

    Arthur Charles Dodd painted animal and sporting subjects, working initially in Tunbridge Wells and later at Dedham in Essex. His hunting scenes tend to give prominence to the hounds with the horses being a less significant part of the composition. An engraving of Foxhounds coming through Brambles by Dodd was published in 1887, from a painting dated 1886.

    Exhibited : Royal Academy

  • Dommersen, Pieter Cornelis View paintings Biography

    1834 - 1908

    Dommersen and his family were from Utrecht in Holland, although they moved to England at the end of the Nineteenth Century. His family name was Dommenshuizen, but was changed for convenience when they came to England. Dommersen came from a highly artistic family - his brother Christian C Dommersen, (fl. 1860-1890) was a marine painter, and his son William Raymond Dommersen is well known for his paintings of the Dutch waterways.

    Dommersen travelled extensively around Europe on painting tours. He was often accompanied by his son, and a similarity can be seen in their treatment of figures. Dommersen is most famous for his marine subjects and his street scenes. His works show excellent composition and depth, and he captures movement and atmosphere exquisitely. He was as competent at painting traumatic seas, wild skies and terrified people during a storm, as he was at painting tranquil, serene estuaries.

    Exhibited: Royal Academy (1865 and 1878), Suffolk Street Galleries, The British Institute.

  • Dommersen, Cornelis Christiaan Biography

    1842 - 1928

    C.C. Dommersen was born in Utrecht in the heart of the Netherlands on 11th November, 1842. His birth certificate showed his name as Dommelhuizen but he most frequently signed his work with the anglicised version 'Dommersen'. His elder brother was the artist Pieter Cornelis Dommersen (1834-1908).

    C.C. Dommersen specialized in marine subjects and continued the great tradition of this genre which had originally started in the middle of the 16th Century. Increasingly wealthy as a result of sea trade, fishing and whaling, the Netherlands produced at least one hundred artists who painted seascapes during the 17th Century. This huge output of work was only diminished by the war with England and France in 1672. Even so, Charles II lured the best artists of the period to England and painters such as the Willem van de Veldes enjoyed the immediate patronage of the king and his brother. These Dutch émigré painters were the inspiration of the fine London-based school of English marine painters which emerged during the 18th Century.

    During the 19th Century there was a second great surge of sea painting in Northern Europe. Netherlandish painters proliferated, encouraged by patronage and also an increasingly wealthy middle class. The Romantic movement was flourishing and marine artists such as Hermanus Koekkoek and Abraham Hulk were looking back to the great 17th Century masters again, and, like their contemporary landscapists B.C. Koekkoek and Schelfhout, were emulating them but with a new poetic and emotional content. Dommersen, like Hulk and others, travelled extensively, working in America, Belgium, England and France. He was particularly inspired however by the turbulence and calm of the coastal waters of his native Netherlands. As in this fine example of his work, the artist could also produce accurate architectural details and he combines this with a pleasing sense of light and movement which well convey the bustling atmosphere of the thriving port of Boulogne.

    Exhibited : Amsterdam, The Hague, Rotterdam

    Museums : Amsterdam, The Hague, Middelburg, Utrecht

  • Douglas, Edward Algernon Stuart Biography

    fl. 1860 - 1918

    Little is known of the life of this very competent sporting painter. Between 1880 and 1892 he exhibited ten pictures at the RA, all of them hunting scenes, which were sent from an address in Barnes. He is said to have worked in conjunction with Ackermanns for many years, who published a set of four coursing scenes in 1887 engraved by C.R. Stock. Douglas frequently produced pictures in pairs or sets of four, and he sometimes worked in miniature; his larger works have the detailed and delicate finish of miniature work. Douglas worked in oil and watercolour, frequently on small canvases 8 x 12 ins, or 12 x 16 ins. and was one of the better artists of his period.

  • Dovaston, Margaret Biography

    1894 - 1955

    Margaret Dovaston was born in Wandsworth in 1884. She studied at Ealing Art School and at South Kensington, under C W Cope and J Watson Nicholl. She attended The Royal Academy School for 5 years and won several medals whilst she was there. She was awarded The British Institute Scholarship and was elected a member of The Royal Society of British Artists, Suffolk Street, in 1905. She Exhibited there from 1908 to 1913. She was a frequent exhibitor at The Royal Academy.

    Margaret Dovaston developed a special interest in old English Interior and Historical Scenes. She had a remarkable collection of period style costumes and furniture. Her paintings were created purely from imagination, but this was no doubt assisted through reference to her own studio and museum of 17th, 18th and 19th Century Costumes and Antiques.

    She said of her paintings, 'They tell a story in which the spectator is invited to fill in the details at will'.

  • Duverger, Theophile Emmanuel Biography

    B. 1821

    Duverger was born in Bordeaux on 7th September 1821. He did not enjoy a formal artistic training but learned his craft through the close observation of nature and by carefully studying the works of the Masters in Museums and Galleries.

    Duverger primarily painted genre subjects which are noted for their remarkable charm, often portraying children in a domestic setting such as the schoolroom or nursery. Duverger was a Realist painter. This movement started in France at the beginning of the 19th century and was a reaction against the great historical artists of the previous century. The Realist artists painted scenes from everyday life and artists such as Andre-Henri Dargelas, Edouard Frere and Paul Seignac chose the theme of the innocence of childhood as their main subject matter. Edouard Frere moved away from Paris to Ecouen and started an artist's community there. Names of many of the Ecouen School remain unknown but Duverger was part of their circle.

    His exhibited paintings received much acclaim and he was awarded medals at the Paris Salon in 1861, 1863 and 1865.

    Exhibited : Paris Salon 1846-1882Museums : Bordeaux, Cambrai, Glasgow, Hamburg, Luxembourg, Metropolitan Museum, New York and Sheffield

  • Dyf, Marcel View paintings Biography

    1899 - 1985

    Marcel Dyf was born in Paris on the 7th October 1899. As a youth he was influenced by the Impressionist and Post-Impressionist movements that he observed in Paris and Normandy, where he spent his holidays.

    He started a career in engineering but it was short lived and he was still in his early twenties when he decided to become an artist. He moved to Arles in Provence where he bought a studio and began zealously painting the inspirational landscapes that were new to him. Dyf was entirely self-taught as an artist. He remained in Arles for thirteen years before returning to Paris in 1935. During World War II he joined the Resistance and was based in Correze.

    After the war, Dyf held exhibitions of his work in some of the major cities in France. In 1950 he acquired a studio in Cannes, where he met his wife, Claudine in 1954. Claudine was 19 years old, 36 years younger than Dyf. They married in 1965 and she devoted her life to travelling with Dyf, continually looking for new scenes to paint.

    A member of L'Ecole Francais, Dyf's fame rapidly spread outside his native France and a number of successful exhibitions of his work have been held in the United States of America and Great Britain.

    He died on 16th September 1985.

    Exhibited: France (Salon des Artistes Francais, Salon d' Autumn, Salon des Tuilleries); United States of America; Great Britain

  • Earl, Thomas Percy Biography

    1874 - 1947

    Thomas Percy Earl was one of the renowned Earl family of sporting and animal painters. His father was George Earl (1824-1908), who was known principally as a painter of sporting dogs and who is also remembered for his important series of head studies Champion Dogs of England. George's brother Thomas Earl (1836-1885) was a well-known painter of horses and dogs, who exhibited prolifically at the Royal Academy. Earl's younger half-sister Maud Earl (1863-1943) was perhaps the pre-eminent painter of pure-bred dogs in the 19th Century, who painted dogs belonging to the Royal Family and whose work was widely reproduced in books and as prints. Maud emigrated to America during the First World War and died in New York.

    Thomas Percy Earl was a fine and accomplished artist, whose horse portraiture is recognised as amongst the best of the period. Most of his work was commissioned by hunting families and consequently he does not appear to have exhibited his work in public galleries. In addition to the high quality of his paintings, they were well-composed and very natural, often including some favourite hounds, which set his work apart from the many horse portraitists of the day. He contributed some equestrian cartoons to Vanity Fair.

    Literature : Dog Painting, The European Breeds, William SecordThe Dictionary of British Equestrian Artists

  • Earl, George Biography

    1824 - 1908

    The father of the dog and animal artists, Maud and Percy Earl, George was also the brother of another animal artist, Thomas Earl. George was an active sportsman who excelled in the depiction of dogs and he is remembered primarily as a sporting dog painter. Little is known of his background and training or his early work.

    Earl exhibited nineteen paintings at the Royal Academy between 1857 and 1882, although only two were of dogs (a Maltese and an Old English Mastiff). His most important work was undoubtedly 'The Field Trial Meeting' which depicted a mythical field trial in Bala, North Wales, in which almost all the important field trial personalities of the day are depicted with their dogs. He is also remembered for an important series of portrait head studies of dogs, Champions of England. Painted in the 1870s, this was illustrated in a now rare volume of the same name.

    Literature : 'Dog Painting. The European Breeds' by William Secord, published by the Antiques Collectors' Club

  • Eliot, Granville Biography

    Born 1891

    Granville Eliot Born 1891 Granville Eliot was an oil painter of genre and figure subjects. He lived at Slinfold, near Horsham in Sussex. He exhibited once at the Royal Academy in 1891 and at the Conduit Street Galleries in 1897, otherwise most of his work was shown locally.

  • Emms, John Biography

    1843 - 1912

    John Emms was born in Blofield, Norfolk in 1843. His interest in art took him to London, where he assisted Mr Frederick Leighton (later Lord Leighton) in his studio. It was as Leighton's assistant that Emms went to the New Forest to help in the execution of the fresco 'The Ten Virgins', in Lyndhurst Church.

    His visits to Lyndhurst introduced him to a wonderful area of the country where animals and wild life abounded and where the local gentry appreciated and purchased his paintings. He finally moved to Lyndhurst in 1872 where he enjoyed great success as an artist. An accomplished horseman, his activities in the hunting field helped him find subjects and customers for his work. Short trips to other parts of the country, brought him work painting portraits of horses and hounds.

    His early pictures were carefully painted and show the use of glazing. Emms later developed a direct and rapid style using a limited palette. Emms was able to portray animals, especially hounds, with an appearance of vitality that reveals their personality. His hunting scenes are amongst his best works, and are a lively portrayal of traditional rural life.

    Exhibited : Southampton Art Society Royal Academy (20 paintings between 1864 and 1903); The London Exhibitions of 1875 (3 paintings at 'The Beauties of the New Forest' exhibition)

    Museums: National Gallery of Scotland (includes a painting of a wire-haired terrier); Southampton Art Gallery; Russell-Cotes Art Gallery, Bournemouth.

  • Enjolras, Delphin View paintings Biography

    1857 - 1945

    Delphin Enjolras was born in 1857 at Courcouron in the Ardeche. He had a formal artistic training studying under the celebrated teacher Gerome at the Beaux-Arts, and Dagnan-Bouveret.

    He painted some fine landscapes, in particular those hanging in the Musee du Puy, and the Musee Calvet d' Avignon. However the majority of Enjolras's oil paintings and pastels depict young ladies illuminated by lamplight. His subjects are often engaged in simple domestic pursuits such as reading, sewing or flower arranging, although at times, he sought a more intimate portrayal.

    Exhibited : Society of French Artists (Member 1901), Paris Salon (From 1890)

    Museums: Musee du Puy, Musee d' Avignon

  • Enness, Augustus William Biography

    1876 - 1948

    Augustus William Enness studied at the Slade School of Art and the Academie Julian in Paris. He was a landscape painter and worked in oils, depicting many rural scenes of Southern England, especially in Sussex and Suffolk. He also painted Continental views and scenes in the Lake District.

    Exhibited: Salon des Artistes, Paris, Royal Academy, Royal Institute of British Artists, Royal Institute of Oil Painters, Royal Glasgow Institute of Fine Art

  • Eversen, Johannes Hendrik Biography

    1906 - 1995

    Johannes Hendrik Eversen was born in The Hague on 30th May, 1906. He was a descendant of the well-known 19th century artist, Adrianus Eversen, who painted town scenes.

    Eversen began his career as a portrait painter, under the direction of the artist W. Lampe, working mostly in watercolours. He changed direction after attending the Heatherley School of Art in London during the 1930's. There he began to explore the still-life subjects of the 17th century Dutch old masters such as Claesz and de Heem et al. Eversen carefully studied their subject matter and began to incorporated oysters, wine flutes, cheese and fruit into his own work, often using pewterware and wine bottles to enhance his composition. He enjoyed painting different textures such as wood, porcelain and leather and his talent can be fully appreciated in subjects which depict musical instruments or books. Eversen developed to perfection the use of a single bright light source in his work. This gives the paintings a dramatic quality and creates a feeling of realism. His paintings reflect a timeless serenity and are always carefully balanced in colour, shape and texture.

    The artist died in Arnhem on 30th December, 1995.

    Literature : P.Scheen - Dutch painters 1750 - 1950

  • Eversen, Adrianus Biography

    1818 - 1897

    Adrianus Eversen was born in Amsterdam on 13th January, 1818. He studied painting under Cornelis de Kruyff and became one of Holland's most accomplished painters of town views. His works are reminiscent of the earlier 17th and 18th century Dutch masters Jan van der Heyden (1637-1712) and Isaac Ouwater (1750-1793). He studied with his contemporary, Cornelis Springer, who was the acknowledged master of the townscape of this period and he competed for patrons with him throughout his life.

    Eversen lived and worked in Amsterdam, exhibiting there between 1840 and 1885. He also exhibited in The Hague and Leeuwarden before moving to Rotterdam in 1889. Eversen was highly regarded during his lifetime and he sold many paintings in Belgium and Great Britain as well as in Holland. The English collector John Sheepshanks, whose collection was left to the Victoria and Albert Museum, bought his works.

    Eversen was a member of the elite association of artists known as the Arte and Amicitiae. His works are detailed topographical paintings which are interesting from both an artistic and historical point of view. He depicts figures from all walks of life going about their daily business in the towns of Holland and his paintings are a sensitive and enlightening record of the life of the times.

    The artist died in Delft on 1st December, 1897.

    Museums : Amsterdam, Enkhuizen, The Hague

  • Eyckmans, Stefaan Biography

    B. 1964

    Stefaan Eyckmans was born in Niel near the Belgian city of Antwerp. He studied graphic design at the Antwerp Academy but chose to turn to painting, specialising in still life.

    In contrast to other artists of his age, Stefaan is fascinated by the 17th and 18th century Masters such as van Aelst, de Heem and Vermeer. He combines the tonal techniques of the Old Masters with modern materials, colours and objects and this results in a contemporary realism which has its roots in traditional painting. The work is not photographic; brushstrokes and impasto are paramount to the whole effect and the interaction of light and shade in the paintings gives the objects an unexpected beauty.

    The artist has been exhibiting his work since 1990 at venues in Belgium and Holland and also at international shows in London, Japan and the USA. In co-operation with the Historical Society and Museum of Aarschot Eyckmans had a solo exhibition in 2006 in the new building of the museum which was highly acclaimed.

  • Fitz Marshall, John Biography

    1859 - 1932

    John Fitz Marshall was a painter of animals, landscapes and flower subjects. He was educated in and spent most of his life in Croydon. He is also thought to be the son of John Marshall (exh. Royal Academy 1840-69).

    Fitz Marshall exhibited some twenty paintings at the Royal Academy from 1883 to 1903, and a further two in 1913 and 1915. He also exhibited at Suffolk Street, the National Gallery and was elected to the Royal Society of British Artists in 1896.

    His dog paintings tend to be pet portraits, which have a soft, atmospheric quality.

  • Flint, Sir William Russell View paintings Biography

    1881 - 1969

    Sir William Russell Flint was born on 4th April 1880 in Edinburgh. He was the eldest son of Francis Wighton Flint, the Scottish artist, under whom he studied painting and drawing. At the age of 14 he was apprenticed to a firm of lithographers, where he remained for 6 years. He was also taking evening classes at the Royal Institution School of Art. In 1900 Flint came to London and was first employed to do medical drawings, later being appointed to work on the 'Illustrated London News' from 1903-1907. During this time he studied at Heatherley's School in the evenings. He became interested in book illustration and produced a number of works for classical limited editions such as Malory's 'Morte d'Arthur', Chaucer's 'Canterbury Tales' and Homer's 'Odyssey'.

    Late in 1912 Flint and his wife went to Italy where they rented a studio in Rome. It was here that the artist discovered a local model called Peppina from Anticoli Corrado in the Sabine Hills. Her rural charm and natural beauty inspired Flint and made a lasting impression upon him.

    Flint was commissioned in the First World War and it was only after the war that his career really began to flourish. He travelled to France and Spain where he produced wonderful watercolours and drawings reflecting the local scenery and culture. He was elected Associate of the Royal Academy in 1924, a full member in 1933 and he became President of the Royal Society of Painters in Watercolour in 1936. In 1947 Flint was knighted by King George VI alongside the actor Laurence Olivier and the musician Malcolm Sargent.

    During the post war period Flint produced his finest works. His talent with both the watercolour medium and his skill in depicting the female form created a hallmark style which would later become legendary. In 1962 his work was acknowledged by a retrospective exhibition in the Diploma Gallery of the Royal Academy which was attended by 21,000 visitors. At the time, Charles Wheeler, the President, paid tribute to the artist describing his watercolour technique as a "baffling skill".

    Sir William Russell Flint died in December 1969 aged 89. He was a modest man who once said "I have always painted for fun. If it ceased to be fun I would stop painting". He left behind a myriad of wonderful drawings and watercolours which are in huge demand from collectors all over the world.

    Museums : Victoria and Albert Museum, London, Fitzwilliam Museum, Cambridge, Liverpool, Cardiff.

  • Frere, Pierre Edouard Biography

    1819 - 1886

    Pierre Edouard Frere was born in Paris on the 10th January 1819. On October 6th, 1836 he entered the school of 'des Beaux-Arts' and formed his style under the direction of P Delaroche. He obtained several medals and then in 1855 was awarded by becoming Knight of the Legion of Honour. He exhibited in the Paris Salon between 1842 and 1886. Titles included 'Le Paresseux', 'Le Petit Curieux', 'Les Raisins', 'Lully Enfant' and 'Le Petit Gourmand' to name but a few. He exhibited 28 times at the Royal Academy between 1868 and 1885. He died in Ecouer on the 20th May 1886.

  • Galien-Laloue, Eugene View paintings Biography

    1854 - 1941

    Eugène Galien-Laloue was born in Paris in December, 1854. He was a pupil of Charles Laloue and was a member of the Salon des Artistes Francais from 1877. He painted the countryside around Normandy and Seine-et-Marne and he is known to have illustrated some military subjects in 1914. However, Galien-Laloue is most highly regarded for his exquisite paintings of Paris in which he coveys the essence of the Belle Epoque. His most usual medium for these works was gouache, a mixture of opaque watercolour and glue, which he used to maximum effect.

    The artist captures the atmosphere of the bustling and fashionable boulevards of the great city and his portrayal of the horse-drawn carriages, trolley cars and the first omnibuses are of historical as well as artistic interest. Galien-Laloue was a forerunner in popularising the painting of street scenes and later artists such as Edouard Cortès and Antoine Blanchard were inspired and influenced by him.

    He died on 18th April, 1941.

  • Gallon, Robert Biography

    1845 - 1925

    Robert Gallon was a landscape painter who lived in London. He travelled extensively throughout the British Isles to paint his subjects, which included recognised views of England, Scotland and Wales.Gallon's paintings can vary greatly in style, ranging from broad, loose brush strokes to extremely delicately textures. Gallon painted in a realistic style similar to that of BW Leader and Vicat Cole.Gallon actively exhibited during the years 1868 - 1903 at the principal London Galleries, particularly the Royal Academy and the Royal Society of British Artists.

  • Gardner, Philip Biography

    1922 - 1986

    As well as the much-loved Norfolk scenery, Philip Gardner painted London street scenes, poignant figure studies, and skilful impressions of sports such as cricket, golf, squash, racing and fishing. His pictures are avidly collected across the world, and are included in the personal collections of three members of the Royal Family

    After serving as a Spitfire pilot in the Fleet Air Arm, Philip Gardner spent twenty five years as a Creative Director in advertising, before forsaking London for that hauntingly beautiful part of North Norfolk which is bounded by salt marsh and tidal creek. This was undoubtedly the influence that led him to become a full-time artist, and many of his watercolours are of the Norfolk coast.

    His work is evocative, impressionistic and economical, although his watercolours may include a figure or two - a baitdigger thigh-booting his way across a muddy creek, children playing beach cricket or a wildfowler with his dog.

  • Garland, Valentine Biography

    fl. 1884 - 1903

    Valentine Thomas Garland was an animal artist who was born in Winchester during the 1840's. He began exhibiting his work at the Royal Academy in 1868 and he continued to exhibit at other venues such as Suffolk Street and the New Watercolour Society, for the rest of his life. Garland eventually moved to London where he sold his paintings most successfully. As in the fine example of his work shown here, Garland often included a still-life element in his pictures. These features were particularly popular and remain so today.

  • Gianni, Girolamo Biography

    1837 - 1895

    Girolamo Gianni was born in Naples in 1837 and initially the artist painted Neopolitan views. His first visit to Malta, accompanied by another artist, was recorded in the passenger list of the Napoli, a ship which took him from Syracuse to Malta on 11th September, 1866. Gianni distributed leaflets advertising himself as an artist with views of Naples for sale and he stayed in Malta for six months. The artist was very successful although no paintings of Malta painted during this period have come to light. Gianni returned to Naples in 1867 but he was obviously very impressed with Malta as he returned there with all his family in 1868. He lived and worked in Valletta producing many works of the Harbour and also other views around Malta.

    In 1886 the Duke of Edinburgh became Commander-in-Chief of the Mediterranean Fleet in Malta. He hoisted his flag on H.M.S. Alexandra and Prince George, later George V, joined as a watch-keeping officer. Gianni was commissioned by the Duke to paint the ships of the Fleet and the painting we illustrate here is a typical example. Gianni made many drawings of the Fleet which served him as models, and his studio was a focal point for many important people who visited Valletta. For two decades the artist maintained a prolific flow of landscapes and marine paintings. Most of these works were purchased by the officer class of the British garrison in Malta as well as their Naval counterparts.

    Following the opening of the Suez Canal in 1869 the British Naval presence in the Mediterranean, with Malta as the centre, went from strength to strength.There was a huge demand for momentos of Malta and Valletta Harbour and Gianni fulfilled this requirement. He set himself up as a capo scuola and artists of the period were proud to have been his pupils.

    The artist returned to Naples for the latter part of his life although he continued to paint Malta. When news of his death in 1895 reached the island, a local paper announced it and called him the 'great painter of Maltese scenery'. They also remarked that his paintings of various parts of Malta had made his name celebrated in many parts of the world.

  • Gilbert, Victor Gabriel Biography

    1847 - 1935

    Victor Gabriel Gilbert was born in Paris on 13th February 1847. He is from the school of d'Adam and Busson and is well known for his genre paintings. He featured at the Paris Salon in 1933 and his work was also on view at the l'Hotel de Ville in Paris. He was a faithful exhibitor at the Salon des Artist Francais where he obtained a silver medal in 1889. He also received the Bonnet Prize in 1926 and the Knight of the Legion of Honour in 1897. His work was highly esteemed and he was considered an inspiration and well respected for his attention to fine detail.

    Exhibited: Paris Salon from 1873

    Museums : Bayeux, Besancon, Dieppe, Le Havre, Liege, Lille, Nice, Strasbourg.

  • Gilchrist, Philip Thompson Biography

    1865-1956

    Born at Stanwix, near Carlisle, Gilchrist was educated in Hampshire, and spent some years as a partner in a calico-printing business before studying under Tom Mostyn (1864-1930). He was elected to the Royal Society of British Artists in 1906 and was also a member of the Liverpool and Manchester Academies of Arts. Gilchrist worked mainly in Lancashire and lived at Sunderland Point, near Lancaster. His work is represented in several public collections.
    Exhibited: Royal Academy (from 1900)
    Royal Scottish Academy
    Royal Society of British Artists

  • Glendening Sr, Alfred Augustus Biography

    c. 1840 - 1910

    Alfred Augustus Glendening Senior was a London landscape painter, who began life as a railway clerk. He exhibited at the Royal Academy during the years 1865-1903, and at the British Institute, which was established as a rival to the Royal Academy at Boydell's Shakespeare Gallery in Pall Mall. The Institute aimed to encourage and reward the talents of the artists of the United Kingdom and it organised loan exhibitions of Old Masters for students to copy. His subjects include views of the Thames, the Southern Counties, Wales and Scotland. His son and pupil was Alfred Glendening Junior. Both painted broadly realistic landscapes, in a style similar to that of Alfred de Breanski.

    Exhibited : Royal Academy; British Institute; Royal Society of British Artists, Suffolk Street.

  • Gribble, Paul Biography

    B. 1938

    Born in Bristol in 1938, Paul Gribble spent his youth drawing and painting the woods and fields surrounding Hanham. His talent for art was recognised at an early age and he won various competitions and a scholarship to the Royal West of England Academy of Art studying under Edwin Penny, the acclaimed wildlife artist.

    After a successful career as a graphic designer Paul returned to painting full time in 1978. His work covers a wide variety of subjects including sport, railway, beach scenes and children at play. The influence of The Newlyn School is apparent in his work.

    Paul Gribble has exhibited throughout Europe, the United States and the Far East. His paintings are highly sought-after and are represented in many noteworthy private collections.

  • Grips, Joseph Charles Biography

    1825 - 1920

    Charles Joseph Grips studied painting at the Academy of Antwerp. He travelled extensively and worked in Grave and Jette before finally settling in Brussels. Between 1861 and 1878 Grips exhibited his paintings on Amsterdam, The Hague, Rotterdam and Germany.

    He specialised in interior scenes, often kitchens with highly detailed depictions of still life. In this painting he paints a doorway with light emanating from a courtyard beyond, a traditional motif used by some of the great 17th century masters such as Pieter de Hooch. Grips often painted on panel and his work is usually of fine detail and quality.

    Museums : Art Association, Montreal, Canada.

  • Haigh-Wood, Charles Biography

    1856-1927

    Charles Haigh-Wood was born in 1856 in a home above a workshop in Bury, England where his father Charles Wood, a master craftsman, built picture frames. By the 1870s when Charles Sr.'s business was prospering, he diversified into picture-dealing, and moved into a substantial new home.

    While studying at the Schools, Haigh-Wood captured a great deal of attention, and by 21 he was exhibiting at the Academy and was subsequently elected a member. Following his election, he traveled and studied Renaissance masters in Italy, before returning to settle in England.

    His talent at painting portraits brought him many commissions, but Haigh-Wood was best known for painting drawing room "conversation pieces," or story-telling scenes of polite society, which made him a popular genre painter in the late 19th century.
    His work was incredibly popular during his lifetime. A number of his paintings were purchased by greeting-card manufacturers for reproduction, which insured both his financial security and his reputation.


    Museums:
    Manchester City Art Gallery
    Walker Art Gallery, Liverpool
    Bury Art Museum

  • Hardy, Heywood View paintings Biography

    1842 - 1933

    Heywood Hardy was a painter and etcher of animals, portraits, genre and sporting subjects. He was born in Chichester, on 25th November 1842, son of the artist James Hardy, Snr (1801-79) and younger brother of James Hardy Jnr (1832-89).

    Hardy left home at the age of 17, and attempted to earn a living by painting animal pictures. He did this successfully and, after a short time with the 7th Somerset Volunteers, he borrowed some money from his brother and travelled to Paris. In 1864 he entered the Beaux Arts to study under the battle artist, Pielse.

    He returned to England in 1868 and found he was in great demand. He was often invited to country estates to paint portraits, sporting pictures and animal studies. Hardy continued to enjoy commissions for portraits, animal studies and hunting scenes, but he decided to concentrate on painting genre subjects. In addition, he provided illustrations for magazines such as the Illustrated London News, and The Graphic, as well as producing etchings of his work.

    In 1870 Hardy and his family moved to St John's Wood, London - an area then popular with artists. During this period his career flourished and he was elected a member of a number of societies including The Royal Society of Painters and Etchers, The Royal Institute of Oil Painters and The Royal Society of Portrait Painters.

    In 1909 Hardy moved to West Sussex and at the age of 83 he painted the first in a series of eight panels depicting biblical scenes for the chancel of Clymping Church, to mark its 700th anniversary in 1925. At the time, these panels caused considerable controversy as they depicted Christ walking on the Sussex Downs and local farmland, amidst modern figures, said to be residents from nearby villages.

    Exhibited : Royal Society of British Artists, Suffolk Street (1863 to 1871); Royal Academy (46 paintings between 1864 and 1919); The British Institute; The Old Watercolour Society.

  • Hardy Jr, James View paintings Biography

    1832 - 1889

    James Hardy junior came from an artistic family. His father was the landscape painter James Hardy senior and his brother was Heywood Hardy. His cousin, Daniel Frederick Hardy, was a leading member of the Cranbrook colony of artists.

    A painter of rustic landscapes and hunting scenes, Hardy specialised in sporting scenes depicting dogs and game, usually set in highland scenery. He painted both in oil and watercolour and exhibited regularly, at the Royal Academy between 1862 and 1886, the British Institution, the Suffolk Street Gallery and the New Watercolour Society of which he became a member in 1877.

    The artist lived all his life in Bristol and died there on 4th April, 1889.

  • Harlamoff, Alexei Alexeiwitch Biography

    1840 - 1925

    Harlamoff was born in Saratoff, Russia in 1840. He studied at the Academy of Fine Art in St. Petersburg where he won a gold medal and a travel scholarship in 1868. He used this scholarship to travel to Paris where he attended the Ecole des Beaux-Arts and worked with Leon Bonnat.
    During his early career Harlamoff painted many genre and religious subjects and he also became an established portrait painter. Two of his more important sitters were the Tsar Alexander II and Prince Demidoff and he also painted Yvan Tourgueniev and Pauline Viardot-Garcia.
    By the 1880s Harlamoff was concentrating on his paintings of Bohemian children and young peasant girls. It was these subjects, which he painted with enormous sensitivity, that gained the artist international fame and recognition. Queen Victoria greatly admired one such work of children playing with flowers, at the Glasgow International Exhibition of 1888.
    Harlamoff was particularly skilful at painting faces. He used very soft and natural colours and paid great attention to delicately highlighting the cheeks and temples. His masterful portrayal of the eyes always draws the viewer directly in to the painting and emphasises the innocence and beauty of the sitter. Harlamoff sometimes used warm crimson colours to contrast with the pale skin tones and the backgrounds were often dark and impressionistic. His paintings can be found in museums in Moscow and St. Petersburg and in important private collections all over the world.

  • Harvey, Marion Rodger Hamilton Biography

    1886 - 1971

    Marion Harvey was born in Ayr in 1886. She was an accomplished Scottish artist based in Glasgow and a regular exhibitor at the RSA, GI and the Walker Art Gallery, Liverpool. Harvey specialised in the portraiture of dogs and horses, often commissioned, and was known to work in oils, pastel and watercolour.

  • Hayllar, Jessica Biography

    1858 - 1940

    A painter primarily of figure subjects, particularly featuring children, interiors and flowers, Jessica Hayllar came from a family well steeped in artistic tradition and was the daughter of artist James Hayllar, RBA (1829-1920). Like her sisters, Kate and Mary, Jessica studied under her father whose penchant for Pre-Raphaelite realism and colouring was to be extremely influential in her formative years.

    Jessica made her Exhibition debut in 1879 and frequently exhibited at the Royal Academy between 1880 and 1915.

    Her best work, executed between 1885-1900 typically depicts quiet domestic scenes, with closely observed detail demonstrating a great naturalness and charm. These paintings were mainly executed at her Father's House, Castle Priory in Wallingford on the Thames.

    In 1900, Jessica was crippled in an accident and after this date she concentrated on painting only flower subjects, particularly featuring Azaleas.

  • Hayllar, James Biography

    1829 - 1920

    James Hayllar was a painter of portraits, figure subjects and landscapes. He studied at the Royal Academy and was to become a regular exhibitor there from 1850-98. He also showed his paintings at the British Institute, but his work could most often seen at Suffolk Street, of which he was a member.

    Hayllar was first known as a portrait painter, but in 1866 he took up subjects of children. From this time he continued to paint a great many subjects involving children, usually pretty girls. In 1875 he rented Castle Priory, a large house at Wallingford, on the Thames, and he painted many of his pictures there, often depicting scenes of village life.

  • Hepple, Wilson Biography

    1854 - 1937

    Wilson Hepple was a Northumbrian painter of animals, sporting scenes and genre subjects and he was particularly fond of painting horses and kittens. He was born in Newcastle upon Tyne, and studied at Newcastle School of Art under William Cosens Way. He was, however, largely self-taught.

    He lived at Acklington and painted scenes of local interest such as "Last of the Old Tyne Bridge" and "King Edward VII's visit to Newcastle". He was a founder member of the Berwick Club in Newcastle and exhibited there and his work is represented in several public collections. Like his son, J. W. Hepple, who was an animal and genre painter in oil and watercolour, he is buried in Acklington churchyard.

  • Hermann, Ludwig Biography

    1812 - 1881

    Ludwig Hermann was born in Greifswald, Germany in April, 1812.

    It is not known where he studied painting but it is obvious from his work that he was very much influenced by the artists of the Romantic School. Important painters such as B.C. Koekkoek lived and worked in Germany during Hermann's lifetime, indeed B.C. Koekkoek started an academy in Kleve in 1841 which was attended by many pupils from the Netherlands, Germany and elsewhere such as Klombeck and Kruseman.

    Hermann was best known for his urban landscapes, seascapes and architectural views. He lived and worked in Berlin and had his first exhibition there in 1850. Between 1862 and 1873 he showed his work in Berlin, Bremen, Leipzig and London.

    Like his contemporary Kruseman, Hermann enjoyed painting both summer and winter landscapes. In this winter scene we see can see all the techniques of B.C. Koekkoek beautifully executed, for example the indication of tracks in the ice which he achieved by applying white paint and then scratching it off whilst still wet with the end of a brush. The summer painting is warm and detailed and it is a perfect compliment to the winter scene.

    Museums : Mulhouse, Trieste

  • Herring Jr., John Frederick Biography

    1815 - 1907

    John Frederick Herring Jr came from a family of sporting and animal artists, which included his two brothers, Benjamin and Charles, and his Uncle, Benjamin Senior. His mother (a member of the Society of Lady Artists) was also a competent painter and exhibited genre scenes at the Royal Academy from 1852 to 1866. His father was a very highly regarded painter of sporting and animal subjects.

    John was the first of three sons to help his successful father. He worked in both oil and watercolour, but his oils are of greater interest and they have in the past often been confused with his father's.

    He married an artist, Kate Rolfe who exhibited a picture at the Royal Academy, and at the Suffolk Street Galleries. He spent the latter part of his life at Fulbourn near Cambridge.

    Exhibited : The Royal Academy 1863 - 1873; The British Institute 1864 - 1867; The Suffolk Street Gallery.

  • Herring Sr., John Frederick Biography

    1795 - 1865

    The well-known English animal painter John Frederick Herring Snr, was born in Surrey in 1795. He began life as a coachman and later received instruction in painting from Abraham Cooper and Sawrey Gilpin. Many of his works are well known through engravings and his lithographic prints of coaching and racing pictures are classics of their kind.

    He first exhibited at the Royal Academy in 1826 and he received commissions from George IV and Queen Victoria. He was a member of the Society of British Artists and a regular exhibitor at the British institution.

    Examples of his work are in the Victoria & Albert Museum, the Tate gallery, Glasgow Art Gallery, Wolverhampton and Leeds.

  • Hillier, Henry Deacon View paintings Biography

    1858-1930

    Born in 1858, Henry Hillier lived in London and studied at the St. Martin’s School of Art. He started his working life as an illustrator for the Illustrated London News but by the age of 23 he had become known as a landscape painter. From 1923 Hillier exhibited many of his paintings in the USA, especially in Chicago when his work was in great demand. His paintings were also popular in Canada and were hung in many leading clubs there and in the USA.
    Hillier painted mainly in the South East of England, particularly in Surrey, Sussex and along the Thames where he frequently stayed at Goring and Streatley. He also painted in the Worcestershire area, Wales and Scotland. His Scottish works were usually signed ‘H.D. Hillier’ and are far fewer in number than his English scenes which he signed ‘Henry H. Parker’. Consequently the Scottish views are very sought after and quite rare. His works are to be found in museums in Canada, USA, Australia, New Zealand and Britain.

  • His, Rene Charles Edmond Biography

    1877 - 1960

    Rene Charles Edmond His was born in the small town of Colombes, France in 1877. Although little is recorded about his life, it is known that he was taught by the distinguished teachers; Jules Lefebvre, Tony Robert-Fleury and Leon Tanzi. However, the most important influence on his work appears to have been the well known artist Henri Biva whose meticulous style and feeling for nature inspired the him to strive for perfection in his depiction of woodland and river banks. He became a member of La Societe des Artistes Francais in 1897 and received a commendation, followed by a bronze medal, in 1900. L'Exposition Universelle also honoured him in the same year. His rarely ventured far afield and became something of a recluse. However, he did travel to the coastal regions of Provence and to Algeria. Examples of his work during this period are comparatively rare. Rene His' works were successfully sold, for many years in France, through the Leon Gerard Gallery. Collectors and critics alike across the Channel were captivated by his outstanding treatment of the interaction of light on water and demand grew for his paintings in Britain .

    Museums : Cahors, Charleville, Constantine and Senlis.

  • Holmes, George Augustus Biography

    d. 1911

    George Augustus Holmes was a renowned Victorian genre painter. Little has been written about his early life, indeed the exact date of his birth remains unknown. We do know that he began exhibiting at the Royal Academy in 1852 and at that time he lived with his brother Edward, who was also an artist, at 152 Sloane Square. They both moved to 62 Cheyne Walk in 1870.
    George exhibited many paintings at the Royal Academy throughout his life. He also showed at the Royal Society of British Artists, the British Institute and the Royal Society of British Artists of Birmingham.
    Holmes was a talented and popular artist who painted subjects which were very appealing to the Victorian public. He was very skilful in his treatment of figures and animals and in this highly decorative work we see the artist’s work at its best. The subject is an elegant young lady returning from her morning ride on her favourite pony being welcomed home by her adoring and loyal dog. The elegance and beauty of the figure reminds us of works by Tissot and the artist’s technical accomplishment is apparent.
    Holmes lived and worked in London until his death in 1911.

  • Hornel, Edward Atkinson Biography

    1864 - 1933

    Edward Atkinson Hornel was a landscape, genre and decorative painter who worked in oils. Hornel was born in Bacchus Marsh, Victoria, Australia on 11th July, 1864 to Scottish parents. The Hornel family then moved to Kirkcudbright, Scotland where Edward spent his childhood. Between 1881 and 1883 he studied art at the Trustees Academy in Edinburgh and continued his training under Verlat in Antwerp. The works of the early period show a strong Belgian influence; mostly landscapes with figures in the manner of Maris or Mauve. However, through his long friendship with George Henry, Hornel moved to a more colourful, decorative style. Indeed their ten-year long association produced a series of pictures that are regarded as the essence of the Glasgow School. Using low-keyed palettes, Henry and Hornel tried to escape subject and local colour, concentrating on purely decorative colour arrangements. Edward Atkinson Hornel was deeply influenced by Japanese art, this was inspired by a trip to Japan, 1893 to 1894. Hornel also visited Ceylon and Australia in 1907 and Burma, Canada and America between 1920-1921. Hornel exhibited for the first time in 1883 at the Edinburgh Exhibition. He became a member of the International Society of Painters and Engravers and an associate member of the New Gallery. In 1901 Hornel was elected to the Royal Scottish Academy but declined the honour.

    Hornel lived for many years in Kirkcudbright where he died on 30th June 1933.

    Exhibited : Edinburgh Exhibition 1883; Grosvenor Gallery 1890

  • Huber, Leon Charles Biography

    1858 - 1928

    Parisian artist Leon Charles Huber was a talented painter of still-life and animal subjects. He specialized in painting cats, and it is noted he won various awards for them.

    Huber was born in Paris in 1858 and lived most of his life there. He studied painting at the L'Ecole des Beaux-Arts with P. Dawant and Jules Grun. From 1887 on, he exhibited yearly at the Society of French Artists.

  • Huggins, William Biography

    1820 - 1884

    William Huggins was an animal and landscape painter from Liverpool. He came from an artistic background and was brother to the artists Anne, Sarah and Samuel Huggins.

    In 1847 he became an associate of the Liverpool Academy and in 1850 a member. Huggins was primarily known for his studies of animals - lions, horses, donkeys, poultry, etc, and was also known to depict them within historical scenes, such as David in the Lion's Den and Una and the Lion. He developed a very individual technique painting pale, transparent colours over a white background.

    In 1861 he moved to Chester, and in 1876 took a house at Bettws-y-Coed, Wales. He later returned to Chester, where he died in 1884.

    Exhibited : Royal Academy; (1842-75); The British Institute; The Royal Society of British Artists, Suffolk Street

  • Hulk Sr., Abraham View paintings Biography

    1813 - 1897

    Born in London in 1813, Abraham Hulk, Sr. was the most important member of the Hulk family of painters, which included his brother John Frederick Hulk (1829-1911), who painted landscapes and town scenes and his son Abraham Hulk, Jr., who lived most of his life in England and painted landscapes predominantly in Surrey.

    Hulk studied at the Amsterdam Academy under the portrait painter Jean-Augustin Daiwaille (1786-1856). Between 1833-1834 he visited North America before returning to Holland, living in Amsterdam, Nijkerk, Enkhuizen, Haarlem and Oosterbeek. During this period, he became an established painter of marine subjects and regularly exhibited his work. In 1870 Hulk returned to London, where he lived for the rest of his life.

    Hulk's skill at depicting atmosphere at sea mirrored that of the many artists of the Dutch Romantic School. Influenced by the Dutch artists of the 17th century, the Romantic painters excelled at scenes of everyday life which combined technical skill and attention to detail with a strong sensitivity to nature. These paintings were avidly sought after by the new middle class collectors of the 19th century, as they still are today. Hulk was equally skilful in painting a choppy sea with looming storm clouds as he was with this fine work of a calm estuary at sunset.

    Exhibited : Amsterdam, The Hague, Leeuwarden (1843-1868)Royal Academy (1876-1890)

    Museums : Amsterdam Historical Museum; Teylers Museum, Haarlem; Zuiderzeemuseum, Enkhuizen; Gemeente-Archief, Dordrecht

  • Hulme, Frederick William View paintings Biography

    1816 - 1884

    F.W. Hulme was born on 22nd October, 1816 in Swinton, Yorkshire. He was initially taught by his mother, who was a painter on porcelain, and by 1841 he had exhibited his first landscapes at the Birmingham Academy.

    During the first three decades of the 19th century British landscape painting was transformed from a fairly humble branch of art, based on topography, to one that was rich and vitally creative. England was changing from a rural society to an urban one and country life was viewed nostalgically as purer, healthier and more natural than life in the smoky new cities. Social prestige was associated with ownership of land and money and trade were seen as vulgar. The Victorian new rich hastened to buy themselves country estates and the large demand for landscape paintings produced a huge number of landscape artists. These pictures filled the new middleclass parlours and were the staple diet of the Royal Academy every year.

    Hulme moved to London in 1844 where he became an illustrator and engraver. However, he soon tired of this and began painting landscapes again. By 1852 the artist was living in Hereford Square and he began exhibiting his work at the Royal Academy and the British Institute. His paintings were mostly idyllic Welsh or Surrey views with animals, particularly sheep, and occasional rustic figures. His style is clear and fresh and his tranquil pastoral scenes fulfilled the Victorian ideal. By 1869 Hulme was living at 8 St. Alban's Road in Kensington from where he continued to exhibit at the Academy until 1884.

    The painting 'In Pastures Green' was painted in 1871 at the height of Hulme's career. It is a very fine and typical example of the artist's work; the foreground is very detailed and Pre-Raphaelite in feel and the palette is fresh. His use of browns and yellows suggests the start of autumn and the slumbering sheep emphasise the artist's oneness with nature and God. Hulme lived in London until the end of his life.

    He died on 14th November, 1884.

  • Hume, Edith Biography

    1843 - 1906

    Little is known about the life of Edith Hume. The first record of her work seems to be in 1843 when she was living in Fulham and exhibiting at the British Institution. Two paintings are recorded: 'Battersea Church on the Thames, Moonlight' and 'Ruins of Netley Abbey, Moonlight', neither of which typify her usual oeuvre. Her maiden name was Dunn and she married the artist Thomas O. Hume (fl.1864-1893).

    Hume is best known for her oil paintings of fisher folk on the beach. She was one of a large number of artists throughout Europe who painted this subject which was in huge demand at the time. The image of the peasant as being of picturesque charm was very popular with city dwellers who liked images of people who looked natural and 'close to the soil'. Her style of painting is very similar to the group of artists in Holland known as the Hague School. Their painting was primarily a movement of realism, a reaction against the famous Romantic School whose painters depicted the Dutch landscape in an ideal way. Artist such as Israels, Sadee, Scherrewitz, Mauve and Maris painted in a more impressionist style showing peasants at work in the fields or on the sea shore. Hume's work is very near in style to that of Sadee and seems closer to the Dutch artists than the English artists of the Newlyn School in England such as Stanhope Forbes, Walter Langley and Frank Bramley.

    Edith Hume exhibited widely at venues in London and in the provinces and in Scotland and she remains a very popular artist.

    Exhibited : Royal Academy, British Institution, Royal Society of Artists, Fine Art Society, Grosvenor Gallery, Glasgow Institute of Fine Arts, Walker Art Gallery, Manchester City Art Gallery, Royal Scottish Academy, Arthur Tooth & Sons Gallery

  • Hunt, Edgar View paintings Biography

    1876 - 1955

    Edgar Hunt and his brother Walter who were born in Birmingham, were the third generation in the Hunt family to become artists. His grandfather was Charles Hunt (1803-1877) who was well-known for his humorous genre subjects which he exhibited from 1846 at the Royal Academy and other prestigious venues. Edgar's father was Charles Hunt Jr. (1829-1900). He painted in a similar vein to his father but he also did some animal subjects. With this background of artistic achievement it was natural for Edgar and Walter (1861-1941) to become painters.

    Edgar had no formal art training but was schooled by his father. He specialised in painting exquisitely detailed works of farmyard scenes and animals, executed meticulously in a realistic style which never changed throughout his career. Hunt was devoted to animals from a very early age. He had originally intended to be a farmer and had worked on a farm near Lewes in Sussex for a short period.

    The artist lived in the Midlands and sold many of his pictures there. As a result of the Industrial Revolution the middle classes in England had grown increasingly wealthy. Those who had made money in the towns yearned nostalgically for an image of the country and the demand for animal paintings was huge both in England and abroad. Hunt continued the tradition of English animal painting which had begun with Landseer. Landseer was the first English artist to portray animals for their own sake, imbuing them with human characteristics and emotion. Other artists of the period continuing the pastoral tradition were T.S. Cooper, E. Verboeckhoven and Verhoesen.

    Edgar Hunt was best known for his paintings of chickens but he also painted other birds such as ducks which were very popular during the period. Donkeys, goats and ponies were also in demand and at which he excelled. He was not a public man and rarely exhibited his work. However, he did show eleven animal scenes at the Royal Society of Artists in Birmingham and 'Feathered Friends' was exhibited at the Walker Art Gallery in Liverpool. He was a great friend of the artist J.F. Herring Jr. (1815-1907) by whom he was influenced artistically. Highly successful during his life-time, Edgar Hunt remains ever popular to this day with collectors throughout the world avidly seeking his work.

    Literature : 'The Dictionary of Victorian Painters' by C. Wood; 'Popular 19th Century Painting' by Hook & Poltimore; 'Dictionary of Painters' by E. Benezit

  • Hunt, Walter Biography

    1861 - 1941

    Walter Hunt was born in 1861 into a highly artistic family. His father Charles Hunt was a painter of genre scenes, and his brother Edgar Hunt is well known for his portraits of chickens, goats and rabbits.

    Hunt is best known for his paintings of farmyard scenes, particularly of calves, horses and dogs. His paintings achieve superb colour and are meticulously detailed.

    He lived in Wandsworth, London, and exhibited works at the Royal Academy from 1881, titles of paintings shown there include Best of Friends and Twins. In 1885, Dog in the Manger was bought by The Chantrey Bequest and can now be seen at the Tate Gallery. His painting, Babes in the Wood is in the Sunderland Museum and The Dog's Home is in the Russell Cotes Art Gallery, Bournemouth.

    Exhibited: Royal Academy

    Museums : Tate Gallery; Sunderland Museum, Russell Cotes Art Gallery in Bournemouth.

  • Hurt, Louis Bosworth View paintings Biography

    1856 - 1929

    Born in Ashbourne, Derbyshire Hurt became famous for his paintings of the Scottish Highlands and his portrayal of Highland cattle. Some of Hurt's early training was as the pupil of another well-known Derbyshire artist, George Turner. Much of his work was done at his home in Ivonbrook, where he kept his own herd of Highland cattle, although he made frequent visits to Scotland. He also painted small landscapes during Snowdonian autumn holidays, when he had a cottage at Bettwys. Occasionally he painted views in the Southern Counties, especially at Burnham Beeches, and a list of his sales documented in Benezit suggests that he also visited France.Exhibited : Royal Academy from 1881 Royal Society of British Artists.

    Museums : Reading, Glasgow, Russell-Cotes Art Gallery, Bournemouth, USA, Canada, Australia, Brazil

  • Hutchinson, Robert Gemmell Biography

    1855 - 1936

    Robert Gemmell Hutchison was born and educated in Edinburgh. He began work as a seal engraver, although his real love was painting and he later studied art at The Board of Manufacturers School of Art. Hutchison developed a distinctive, broad and vigorous style. He specialised in painting children and genre scenes within Scottish landscapes.

    Hutchison was soon recognised by the art fraternity and became one of the most prolific exhibitors of his day. He was elected to many prestigious academies throughout the British Isles, including; The Royal Society of British Artists, The Royal Institute of Oil Painters, The Royal Society of Painters in Watercolour and The Royal Scottish Academy. Hutchison was awarded a medal for his work in 1903. There are close similarities between his work and some of the Glasgow School of Painters (who were his direct contemporaries) in particular, in his use of broad brushstrokes and soft, mute colouring.

    Exhibited: London - Royal Academy, Royal Society of British Artists, Royal Institute, Royal Institute of Oil Painters, Grosvenor Gallery, Arlington Gallery; Birmingham - Royal Society of Art; Manchester - Manchester City Art Gallery; Liverpool - Walker Art Gallery; Edinburgh - Royal Scottish Academy; Glasgow - Glasgow Institute.

  • Izant, Herbert Biography

    fl. 1880 - 1898

    Herbert Izant was an English artist working in oils and in watercolour in the late nineteenth century. His subject matter was varied and ranged from landscapes and still life to social gatherings. Izant was a regular exhibitor at the Royal Academy between 1886 and 1898 and earlier at Sussex Street between 1880 and 1882.

  • Jacquet, Gustave-Jean Biography

    1846 - 1909

    Jacquet was born on 25th May, 1846 in Paris. He was a pupil of Bouguereau and for his debut at the Paris Salon in 1865 he exhibited 'The Reverie' which was very much in his master's style. He received a third class medal in 1868 with his painting 'Army Outing in the 16th Century'. In 1875 Jacquet won a first class medal and he was decorated with the Legion d'Honneur in 1879.

    During the 19th century, particularly in France, people developed a vivid fascination with the past and paintings of the bygone eras were in demand. Jacquet specialised in painting nudes, portraits and genre subjects in which he evoked the elegance of the 16th, 17th and 18th centuries. These works were exquisitely painted with every attention paid to detail; his use of colour is rich and vibrant and his rendition of luxurious cloth is outstanding. Jacquet died in Paris in 1909.

  • James, David Biography

    fl. 1881 - 1892

    David James was a prolific Marine painter.Yet surprisingly, little is known about the artist. He first exhibited at the Royal Academy in 1886 from an address in Dalston, Cumberland, and from 1892-97 from an address in Maida Vale, London.

    At his best he was a very skilful painter of the sea from the shore. Like Henry Moore, James was more interested in pure studies of the sea rather than topographical coastal views. He was especially good at painting waves. His favourite locations being Cornwall and the Isles of Scilly.

    The National Maritime Museum has a fine, large example of breakers. Titles of works exhibited at the R.A. include 'A North Cornish Breaker' and 'An Atlantic Roller'.

  • Jay, Florence Biography

    fl. 1905 - 1920

    Florence Jay was a painter of portraits, genre and sporting subjects. She is perhaps most popularly known for her depictions of dogs. These dog portraits are often worked quite loosely and have a soft feel with more of an emphasis on capturing the dog's expression and the texture of their coat.

    Little of her life is known although it is recorded that she lived in Peterborough and Liverpool.

    Jay was a regular exhibitor at the Royal Academy between 1905 and 1908 where she had five paintings displayed. Her work has also been shown at the Walker Art Gallery, Liverpool, in 1915 and 1920.

  • Jeannin, Georges Biography

    1841 - 1925

    Georges Jeannin was born in Paris in 1841. He was a pupil of Vincelet and went on to be a most prolific and popular flower painter. Jeannin exhibited widely and the French State bought many of his flower paintings. In conjunction with A. Cesbron he decorated the Salon de Passage in the Hôtel de Ville, Paris. He was also the chairman of the Societe de Peintres de Fleurs.

    Exhibited: Paris Salon, Lyon Salon, Dijon Salon, Dorotheum, Vienna from 1869-1873 Museums: Beziers, Cambrai, Epinal, Mulhouse, Nancy, Petit Palais (Paris), Rochefort, Rouen, Valenciennes

  • Jones, Paul Biography

    fl. 1856 - 1888

    The son of well known equestrian artist, Samuel John Egbert Jones (fl. 1820 - 1849) Paul Jones specialised in the same subject. He was particularly drawn to the character of Highland Gillies' ponies, which are often depicted with game bags on their backs and terrier dogs.

  • Joy, William Biography

    1803 - 1867

    William Joy was the elder of the two brothers William and John Cantiloe Joy (1806-1866). Both brothers were marine artists of considerable merit, who enjoyed a close relationship throughout their lives resulting in many paintings which were jointly executed. They both worked in watercolour, John almost exclusively, but William also painted in oils, which are comparatively rare. William's work was in general finely painted, highly detailed in the treatment of the figures, boats and their riggings, and equal to many of the Dutch 17th century Masters and to the quality of English painters such as Charles Brooking (1723-1759) and Joseph Stannard (1797-1830). Both brothers enjoyed the patronage of several collectors of the day, including Captain Thomas Manby, RN who had an estate in Norfolk.

    Exhibited : Royal Academy, British Institution, and in Norwich

    Museums : Victoria & Albert Museum, National Maritime Museum, Greenwich, City Art Gallery, Birmingham, Castle Museum, Norwich, Graves Art Gallery, Sheffield

  • Kaemmerer, Frederik Hendrik Biography

    1839-1902

    Born in 1839 in The Hague, Frederik Hendrik Kaemmerer studied under the Orientalist painter Gérȏme in Paris where he spent much of his life.
    The artist exhibited at the Paris Salon from 1870 and he was awarded a medal in 1874. He won a silver medal at the Exposition Universelle in 1890 and he was made a chevalier of the Legion d’Honneur the same year.
    Bourgeois patrons of the day were entranced by images of the luxury of the previous century and Kaemmerer specialised in painting highly finished genre subjects which catered for this taste for elegance and beauty. He was highly successful in his own lifetime painting fashionable figures enjoying pleasurable pastimes. Kaemmerer died in Paris in 1902.

  • Kennedy, Cecil View paintings Biography

    1905 - 1997

    Cecil Kennedy was born in Leyton on 4th February, 1905. He was born into a very large Victorian family who were all very artistic. Kennedy is one of the most well known members of the English Contemporary School. He painted some portraits but will always be best remembered for his minutely detailed paintings of flowers. Kennedy studied art in London and began exhibiting his work from an early age. Before he was 24 he had shown at the Royal Scottish Academy and the Royal Hibernian Academy and he then went on to exhibit regularly at the Royal Academy and in the provinces.

    During the early 1930's Cecil Kennedy married Winifred Aves and she was to become a major influence and inspiration to him. For sixty-four years they worked together as a creative team; she was very skilled at creating the beautiful flower arrangements that Kennedy painted and over the years the couple collected many mid-eighteenth century Waterford vases which continually featured in his work. In the Second World War Kennedy was called up and he fought in the Eighth Army in Europe. During the winter of 1944 Kennedy was based in Antwerp and it was here that he familiarized himself with the Dutch and Flemish Old Master flower paintings at first hand. He befriended Flemish painters and this interaction brought about a definite change in Kennedy's painting style and technique.

    From the 1950's until the 1970's Kennedy exhibited regularly at the Fine Art Society, who were keen advocates of his work. He was awarded a silver medal at the Paris Salon in 1956 and a gold medal in 1970. The artist had many important patrons during his life including the Duke of Windsor and the Astors. Queen Mary is quoted as saying "When I see Cecil Kennedy's pictures I can smell the flowers and hear the hum of the bees". It was she who noticed a ladybird that Kennedy had painted on the stem of a flower and Kennedy always incorporated a ladybird into his paintings thereafter. Lord Thomson was also a great admirer of Kennedy's work.

    Cecil Kennedy is widely regarded as the finest British painter of flowers of the 20th Century. In his work he often juxtaposes modern exotic hybrid blooms with traditional English flowers and grasses as well as plant species celebrated in the work of the Old Masters. He knew much about flowers and his use of all white flower arrangements reflected his awareness of 20th Century horticultural trends such as Vita Sackville-West's White Garden at Sissinghurst. His work is celebrated for its exquisite detail and artful composition and his paintings can be found in Royal, Corporate and Private collections throughout the world.

  • Kenyon, Janet Biography

    Born 1959

    Janet Kenyon was born in 1959 in Bolton Lancashire. She studied at the Bolton College of Art and Design and won the Laing Watercolour Competition, Northern Region whilst still a student.

    Since then she has won many other competitions such as the Royal Watercolour Society / Sunday Times Cityscape Prize in 2009 and has held exhibitions in Salford, Bury and the Lowry Art Gallery Manchester.

    Her paintings have been compared to works by Atkinson Grimshaw, and she has described how she works: ‘My distinctive style is achieved via a highly individual painting technique. Combining cold water dyes with wax resist to create bold statements of texture, mood and light. My watercolour painting 'Reflected Glory' is a window into the past shown by the passing of time in the once grand building now neglected and derelict, reflecting and now becoming part of the stark new structure over shadowing it and the ever watchful eyes overlooking it.’

  • Kilburne, George Goodwin Biography

    1839 - 1924

    George Goodwin Kilburne was a London genre painter, watercolourist and engraver. He studied for five years with the Dalziel brothers, who were well known as engravers and illustrators. His charming portrayal of Victorian and Edwardian life was popularised through prints. In addition to exhibiting his paintings at the major London venues, Kilburne's work was also shown at the Grosvenor Gallery, which was founded in Bond Street by Sir Coutts and Lady Lindsay, and which was a favourite gallery of Burne-Jones and the Pre-Raphaelite followers.

    Exhibited : Royal Academy, Royal Society of British Artists, Royal Institute of Painters in Watercolours, Museums Walker Art Gallery, Liverpool, Sheffield Art Gallery

  • Kleijn, Lodewijk Johannes Biography

    1817 - 1897

    After the return of the House of Orange in Holland in 1813, there was a revival of interest in the Dutch 17th century masters and a move away from French influence which had previously dominated the visual arts. This was encouraged by Willem I who wanted a national school of painting to flourish again. Exhibitions of contemporary artists were promoted, the profession of painting was stimulated and the number of artists increased quickly.

    L.J. Kleijn was born on 14th August, 1817 in the town of Loosduinen, close to The Hague. Little is known of the artist's early training but he must have shown great promise as he was admitted to the studio of the great master Andreas Schelfhout (1787-1870) in The Hague. Schelfhout was one of the most important landscape artists of the Romantic School of painters and was a much sought-after teacher who had at least 30 students.

    Kleijn absorbed as much as he could whilst at Schelfhout's studio, learning the master's painting techniques and also using the same subject matter. His finest works are carefully finished with great attention paid to detail. He depicted both summer and winter landscapes and usually found his motifs by the water's edge. Using a warm and rich palette Kleijn evokes a vision of a timeless unspoilt Dutch landscape in this magnificent painting. The artist uses strong diagonals and a low horizon line to lead the eye to the view of the distant city. He combines the pastoral foreground with the windmill, indicating the rural history of Holland, with the hint of the more 'modern' Holland in his suggestion of the city in the background. The calm waterway and the casual angler add to the general feeling of peace and tranquillity.

    Kleijn was a highly regarded and successful artist who exhibited in The Hague and Amsterdam between 1842 and 1894. His patrons were the wealthy middle class citizens of the area in whose homes his work took pride of place. The artist died on 11th March, 1897 in The Hague.

    Museums : Amsterdam, Arnhem, The Hague, Enchede, Otterloo and Cape Town

  • Klombeck and Verboekhoven, Johan Bernard and Eugene Biography

    1815 - 1893 & 1798 - 1881

    Johnan Bernard Klombeck was born in Germany on 1st July, 1815 and he was raised in the dukedom of Kleve, which is close to the Dutch boarder near Nijmagen. His father was the tailor Heinrich Klombeck (1873-1866) and his mother was Marianne Tinthoff (1777-1850) who was the half sister of the painter Matthais Tinthoff (1794-1881). Matthais specialised in portraiture and genre scenes and it was he who gave Johann Klombeck his first art training.

    In 1834 the greatest Dutch Romantic landscape painter of all, B.C. Koekkoek, came with his wife to live in Kleve. In 1841 Koekkoek founded an Academy in Kleve and Klombeck and his uncle were among the first members. This was to have a most profound and lasting influence on Klombeck who came to be regarded as one of Koekkoek's finest pupils. Klombeck exhibited his landscapes at the Kleve Academy and also in Nijmagen. Between 1843 and 1856 he was a frequent participant in international salons, including Amsterdam, Rotterdam, The Hague, Dresden and Berlin.

    Klombeck became a leading member of the Romantic Scool and he was the foremost representative of the Kleve Academy when B.C. Koekkoek died in 1862. Romantic motifs such as prominent trees and ruins, stormy weather and figures fighting against the elements, played an important part in Klombeck's oeuvre. Compositions with diagonal elements, such as tracks and streams disappearing into the background, are features strongly reminiscent of the works of Koekkoek and which Klombeck often featured in his paintings.

    It is thought that Klombeck was introduced to the great Belgian animal and figure painter Eugene Verboeckhoven by B.C. Koekkoek, who had himself collaborated with the artist in 1844. Klombeck first worked with Verboeckhoven in 1856 and frequently did so thereafter. This painting, dated 1859, was painted when both artists were at the height of their careers. Klombeck's landscape offers a wealth of traditional motifs and detail and the figures and animals have been exquisitely executed by the acknowledged master of that genre, Eugene Verboeckhoven.

    In 1865 Klombeck was given an honorary post at the Craftsman's School in Kleve and he continued to exhibit until 1882. The artist died in Kleve on 28th November, 1893.

    Museums: Amsterdam, The Hague, Kleve.

    Literature: J.B. Klombeck by Guido de Werd & Angelika Nollert Netherland Painters 1750-1850 by P. Scheen

    Eugene Verboeckhoven was born in Warneton, Belgium in 1798. He was the son of Barthelemy Verboeckhoven the sculptor, who was his first teacher. At the Academy of Ghent, Verboeckhoven studied under Voituran and Ommeganck. He became a member of the Academies of Belgium, Antwerp and St. Petersburg and made his debut at the Salon in Ghent in 1820. Verboeckhoven won many distinctions: the Legion d'honneur, the Order of Leopold, the Order of the Christ of Portugal and the German Iron Cross.

    Verboeckhoven was one of the most celebrated animal artists of the 19th century. His work was of fine detail and his palette was rich and luminous. He portrayed figures, sheep, cows, goats, dogs, hens and horses with equal skill and his expertise was in demand from the many students who attended his atelier in Brussels. Contemporary established artists of the period also sought his expertise. He collaborated with many successful artists, amongst them J.B. Klombeck, B.C. Koekkoek, F.M. Kruseman, De Jongh, De Noter, M.A. Koekkoek and L.P. Verwee. Internationally renowned, Verboeckhoven's work was especially appreciated in England where many of his paintings can be found. He died in Brussels in 1881.

    Museums: Wallace Collection, London, Liverpool, Leeds, Amsterdam, Berlin, Brussels, Hamburg, Munich, Montreal, Stockholm.

  • Koekkoek, Barend Cornelis Biography

    1803 - 1862

    Barend Cornelis Koekkoek is without doubt the most important landscape painter of the Dutch Romantic movement. During his lifetime he came to be known as 'Prince of landscape painting' and up to this day his role as leader of this genre remains unchallenged.

    He was born in Middelburg in 1803. Initially he was taught by his father Johannes Hermanus Koekkoek (1778-1851) who was a talented marine artist and who headed the famous Koekkoek dynasty of artists.

    B.C. Koekkoek attended the Middelburg Drawing Academy and also the Academy in Amsterdam between 1826 and 1827. It was here that his interest in the 17th century painters such as Hobbema and Wijnants developed.

    Koekkoek moved to Kleve in 1834. The Rhine landscape matched his image of the perfect landscape and it was in Kleve that Koekkoek's style reached maturity. The artist had many wealthy patrons from the rich merchant classes in Holland and in 1839 King Willem III bought 'A View of a Forest with Cattle', a large painting that was rewarded with a gold medal at the Hague Salon held that same year. The Russian Tsar Alexander II was so impressed by this work that he commissioned an identical one from the artist, which illustrated how quickly Koekkoek gained an international reputation.

    Between 1826 and 1862 B.C. Koekkoek was a regular exhibitor in The Hague, Rotterdam and Amsterdam and he won medals at the Paris Salon in 1840 and 1845. He was elected to membership of the Amsterdam and St. Petersburg Academies and wa awarded the Netherlands Order of the Lion and the Belgian Order of Leopold.

    Museums : Dordrechts Museum, Dortrecht, Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam, Museum Haus Koekkoek, Kleve

    Literature : F. Gorrisen 'B.C. Koekkoek 1803 - 1862; Nollert 'B.C. Koekkoek - Prins de Landschapschilders'; G. Norman 'Dutch Painters of the 19th Century'

  • Koekkoek, Willem Biography

    1839 - 1895

    Willem Koekkoek was born in Amsterdam, where he lived and worked for the greater part of his life. He died there in 1895. He was the son of Hermanus Koekkoek, the well known marine painter and, with his brother, Johannes Hermann Barend Koekkoek, he received lessons and encouragement from his father. The Koekkoek family was highly regarded as an artistic dynasty in Amsterdam, spanning three generations. Willem Koekkoek originally worked as an architect and had tremendous success. It was only when he moved to the Hague in 1878 that he took up the family tradition of painting.

    Willem Koekkoek is best known for his winter street scenes. Although his architectural influences are evident he introduces figures and animals which show careful observation. His favourite subject was his native Holland, particularly the depiction of those near to him. His style is distinctive and recognisably Dutch, but his handling of colour and shade is particularly individual - such as the use of strong green to highlight detail. As in the tradition of the finest Dutch painters he is skilful in his manipulation of light and shade.

    In 1880 he moved to Amsterdam then, in 1885 to Niewer-Amstel where he died on 29th January. Willem Koekkoek's work flourished when he returned to his home town , Amsterdam, and it was here that he established himself as master of architectural painting. During his life Willem Koekkoek was widely collected in Great Britain which culminated in a visit to London in 1888.

    Museums: Museum of Montreal in Canada.

  • Koekkoek Sr., Hermanus View paintings Biography

    1815 - 1882

    Hermanus Koekkoek was from a family of highly influential Dutch artists. His grandfather was Barend Kornelis Koekkoek (1803 - 1862) and his father was Johannes Hermanus Koekkoek (1778 - 1851). Hermanus Koekkoek Sr was taught to paint by his father and in turn passed the tradition on to his sons Hermanus Koekkoek Jr and Willem Koekkoek.

    Hermanus Koekkoek Sr specialised in marine paintings. He exhibited widely and was a member of the Royal Academy of Amsterdam and the Rotterdam Society. He also exhibited at the Royal Academy in London.

    His work can be found in many museums including the Rijksmuseum in Amsterdam and

  • Kohler, Mathieu Biography

    b.1841

    Mathieu Kohler was born in Niederbronn in 1841. He studied art in Lyon at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts. During the last half of the 19th Century, Lyon was a stronghold of Dutch-inspired flower painting. The City Art Gallery purchased, or was bequeathed, thirty flower paintings by artists such as David de Heem, van Brussel and Mignon, and these were used as reference works and models by the aspiring artists at the Lyon Beaux-Arts. The Salon des Fleurs opened in 1808, and the Lyon Museum was the only museum in France with a room entirely devoted to flower painting.

    Kohler studied under J. M. Reignier, who was Professor of flower design at the Lyon Beaux-Arts from 1853 to 1884. His influence, and that of the Dutch Masters, had a profound effect on Kohler and other artists of the period, such as Fantin-Latour.

    Exhibited : Paris Salon, Dijon Salon

  • Kruseman, Fredrik Marinus Biography

    1817 - 1882

    Born in Haarlem in 1816 Kruseman showed an early talent for drawing. From 1833 he was apprenticed to Jan Reekers from whom he learnt drawing from nature and the rules of perspective. Between 1832 and 1833 the artist also attended classes at the City Drawing School and he studied painting with Nicholaas Roosenboom who had a studio near where Kruseman lived. Roosenboom was the son-in-law and pupil of the great artist Andreas Schelfhout and it is likely that Kruseman would have come into contact with him as he was a regular visitor to Roosenboom's studio. In the September of 1833 the artist made his debut at the Exhibition for Living Masters in The Hague, exhibiting a landscape.

    In 1835 Kruseman moved to Hilversum, a rural area which attracted many landscape artists including B.C. Koekkoek. He stayed here for a year exhibiting landscapes before moving to Kleve in Germany. B.C. Koekkoek had moved here in 1834 and had become one of the most successful exponents of the Romantic movement and it was natural for Kruseman to seek him out. It was here, under the informal tutelage of B.C. Koekkoek that Kruseman was now inspired to paint landscapes not only in a very realistic fashion but also to give expression to the feelings that the landscape evokes in him. Kruseman learned much about painting technique from Koekkoek for example, how to paint trees (Koekkoek's forte) and how to indicate skate tracks in the snow by applying white paint and then scratching it off whilst still wet with the sharp end of the brush. Kruseman also followed Koekkoek in composition often using the top two thirds of the canvas for the sky and creating much interest for the viewer in the space between the fore and middle ground.

    Kruseman went to Brussels in 1841 and he was to remain in the Belgian capital for most of the remainder of his life. Brussels held a strong attraction for artists. Its Salons and coffee houses were natural meeting grounds and were frequented by the likes of Schelfhout, B.C. Koekkkoek, Petrus van Scendel and Bosboom. Brussels was prosperous. Belgium was the first country on the continent to follow the model of the British industrial revolution and the newly rich of the area created an excellent market for art. Kruseman prospered in Brussels selling his works to dealers such as Joseph Hollender and he also worked on commissions for collectors.

    Between 1852 and 1856 Kruseman returned to Haarlem where he took many trips around the vicinity of the city. He was particularly attracted to the ruins of the Brederode Casle near Velserend. Interest in these overgrown medieval ruins proceeded from the Romantic yearning for a distant and glorious past as well as a predilection for reminders of the transience of all things.

    Kruseman returned to Brussels in 1856 and during the fifties and sixties he gave ruins and castles greater prominence in his work. They were not all topographically accurate but rather used for Romantic effect. Winter landscapes make up about two thirds of Kruseman's oeuvre and around 1860 his art came into full fruition. His tree groups became increasingly more convincing and he introduced his first coral-like tree branches. The depth of his panoramic landscapes became more marked and the cool grey-blue tones steadily gave way to a much warmer palette. Kruseman perfected his rendering of the jet-black mirror surface of the ice and the marks left by skaters and his best works are set in the fading light of early evening often showing the warmth of a light eminating from a small interior somewhere in the painting. He worked well until the late seventies and eventually died in Sint-Gillis near Brussels on 25th May, 1882.

  • Kuwasseg, Charles Euphrasie View paintings Biography

    1838 - 1904

    Born in Draveil, Charles Euphrasie Kuwasseg was the son of Austrian painter, Karl Joseph Kuwasseg. Initially Charles Euphrasie trained and worked with his father but later became a sailor and travelled the world.

    On his return to France in 1883, he began his formal artistic training and studied under Durand-Brager and d'Isabey. Charles Euphrasie specialised in painting landscapes of the Breton and Normandy coast, seascapes of the North Sea and scenes of the outskirts of Paris. He collaborated with the artist Poilpot on a series of different landscapes. Kuwasseg exhibited at the Salons des Artistes Francais from early on in his career and won a 3rd class medal in 1892. He later became a professor of art, teaching such notable pupils as Iwill and Emile Clarel.

    Kuwasseg's delicate yet strong style was highly valued during his lifetime and he was regarded by his contemporaries as one of the finest artists of his genre.

    Museums : Montreal, Pontoise, Rouen, Perigueux, Digne, La Rochelle

  • Ladbrooke, John Berney Biography

    1803-1879

    John Berney Ladbrooke was born in Norwich, in 1803 and was the third son of the artist Robert Ladbrooke. He spent most of his early life in Norfolk, where he became apprenticed to John Crome, the great landscape painter, whose influence is apparent in Ladbrooke’s early works.
    Ladbrooke specialised in oil paintings of the Norfolk landscapes and its environs. He went on to become a significant member of the Norwich School and exhibited widely.

    Exhibited: Royal Academy, British Institute, Norwich Society.

  • Ladell, Ellen Biography

    b. 1853

    Ellen Maria Levett was born in Yarmouth in 1853. Very little is known of her life but she married the well-known still-life artist Edward Ladell of Colchester in 1878. Ellen was also an artist and the couple moved to Exeter where they had a studio at 20 Queen's Street.

    Ellen's artistic talent blossomed during her marriage to Edward. She strove to emulate the works of her husband, painting in the same realistic style and using the same motifs. She usually signed her paintings with her name in full whereas her husband Edward used the EL monogram. Both artists undoubtedly collaborated on many paintings and all their works show a high level of dedication and technical refinement.

    Edward Ladell died in 1886 and was survived by his wife Ellen. It is unknown when she died.

  • Ladell, Edward Biography

    1821 - 1886

    Edward Ladell was a still-life painter from Colchester, Essex.

    Ladell was basically a self taught artist who became recognised for his faithful depictions of the arranged fruit and objects in his still-life paintings. Ladell's paintings are always easily recognisable as he used to use the same articles over and over again - a wine glass, fruit, flowers, and sometimes a bird's nest, a casket, or carved mug and other objects, on a marble ledge draped with an oriental rug. His work was much sought after and they often ensured flattering notices from the leading representative journals.

    His wife, Ellen Ladell, also painted in a style almost identical to her husband's. She usually signed with her full name, whereas Edward used the EL monogram back-to-back.

    Ladell was a regular exhibitor at the Royal Academy between 1856-86 as well as the British Institute and Suffolk Street. Works are held by Reading Art Gallery and Sheffield Art Gallery.

  • Laissement, Henri Adolphe Biography

    1854 - 1921

    Henri Laissement was born in Paris in 1854. He studied in Paris and was a pupil of Cabanel. At the age of 25 he exhibited his first painting at the Salon and by 1884 he had become a member of the Salon des Artistes Francais.

    Laissement painted portraits and genre subjects; one of his main themes were ecclesiastical subjects which he painted with great skill and humour. He portrayed the Cardinals and Bishops in their vividly coloured robes, often showing them at leisure playing games or musical instruments. He did not offend with such subjects, indeed they were much appreciated at the time and he won several honourable mentions including one in 1889 at the Exposition Universelle. Laissement also gained various medals between 1898 and 1905. The artist died in Paris in 1921.

  • Landini, Andrea Biography

    1847 - 1912

    Andrea Landini was born in Florence on 10th December, 1847. His artistic talent was apparent from an early age and he studied painting under Pasquini and Ciseri.

    Landini painted some portraits and flowers subjects but he is best known for his ecclesiastical subjects depicting cardinals in their fine robes. These paintings are often humorous but are painted with fine attention to detail. The artist's use of rich purples and crimsons give his paintings a jewel-like quality and confirm his place as one of the finest artists of this genre. Landini exhibited his works in Florence and Paris; his final exhibition being in 1911 at the Society of French Artists.

  • Lassalle, Louis Simon Biography

    b. 1810

    Louis Simon Lassalle also worked under the pseudonym Louis Simon Cabaillot. He was a French artist born in Paris in 1810. Lassalle was primarily a painter of genre subjects making his debut at the Paris Salon in 1851 and is recorded as exhibiting there until 1868.

  • Laur, Marie-Yvonne Biography

    1879 - 1943

    Marie Yvonne Laur was born in Paris on the 21st July, 1879. She studied in Paris and became a very competent genre painter, eventually specialising in delightful portrayals of cats. She signed her work 'Yo Laur', the name by which her contemporaries affectionately called her.

    During the later part of the 19th century, as the middle classes expanded, so did the number of cats and dogs kept as domestic pets. This gave rise to a large demand for cat paintings which would have been inconceivable in the 18th century. Cats as a subject were seen as eminently suitable for the female brush and artists such as Henrietta Ronner and Maud Earl were all highly successful.

    Laur exhibited her work at the Salon des Artistes Francais and she became a member there in 1908 having received an honourable mention for her work previously.

    Her draughtsmanship was excellent and the playful animation of her subjects, together with her use of rich colouring makes her work immediately appealing.

    Exhibited : Salon des Artistes Francais

    Museums : Anvers, Bagnols, Digne, Gray

    Literature : 'Popular 19th Century Painting' by Hook & Poltimore

  • Lavault, Albert-Tibulle Furcy de Biography

    1847 - 1915

    Albert-Tibulle Furcy de Lavault was born in Saint Genis (Charente-Maritime), France in 1847. He was a still life painter often including fruit and game in his arrangements but he is best known for his flower painting. Furcy de Lavault was exhibited widely in France, often at the Paris Salon and the Dijon Salon. He was also the curator at the Musée de la Rochelle from 1882 to 1913.

    The middle classes in France and elsewhere were reaping the benefits of the industrial revolution and their appetite for flower paintings was ever increasing. This encouraged a wealth of artists to study still-life painting and Furcy de Lavault was no exception. Garden flowers were very fashionable in Paris and in this magnificent example by Furcy de Lavault we see a beautiful arrangement of roses. The artist leaves behind the more stilted style of the old school of Salon painters and creates a beautifully natural and free-flowing painting, full of life and colour. This was very much in keeping with the new realism developing in France during the second half of the century.

  • Leader, Benjamin Williams View paintings Biography

    1831 - 1923

    Benjamin Williams Leader was born in Worcester in 1831. His father was an engineer in Worcester where Leader spent most of his childhood. He was educated at The Worcester Grammar School and then started a career in engineering, which he soon abandoned to study art at the Worcester School of Design. It was here that he learnt the basic skills of technical draughtsmanship. This apprenticeship along with his love of the Worcestershire countryside led him to submit a painting to the Royal Academy entitled 'Cottage Children Blowing Bubbles'. This was sold for £50 to a Philadelphia Collector much impressed by the talent of this young artist.

    Leader derived his artistic inspiration directly from nature and in particular his native countryside of Worcester. After visiting Scotland and Wales, he painted mainly landscapes, often of mountain and river scenes.

    In 1857 he changed his name from Benjamin Leader Williams (he was related to the Williams family of painters) to Benjamin Williams Leader. This also helped avoid confusion with the eleven other artists of the same surname who exhibited at the Royal Academy. His picture 'A Stream from the Hills' was commended by Ruskin in 1857, and his work entitled 'Temptation' was purchased by the successful artist, Thomas Creswick, R.A. In 1863 the Prime Minister W E Gladstone bought his painting of 'The Churchyard at Bettws-y-Coed'. As a result of this Leader was flooded with commissions. He spent a great deal of his time during these years painting in Wales, and some of his Welsh landscapes were greatly admired at The Royal Academy and placed beside works by the President, Sir Francis Grant.

    Leader's works have been widely collected by Museums and can be seen in Galleries all over the UK.

    Exhibited: Royal Academy

    Museums: Blackburn, Birmingham, Bristol, Liverpool, Victoria & Albert Museum, The Tate Gallery, Manchester, Reading, Sheffield and Melbourne

  • Lecomte, Paul Emile View paintings Biography

    1877 - 1950

    Born in Paris, Paul Emile Lecomte was the pupil of his father Paul (1842-1920) and Cormon. Although most of his subjects were French landscapes and coast scenes, predominantly of Brittany, he also worked in Cornwall, and painted still life. He became a Member of the Salon des Artistes Francais in 1902, and received a Gold Medal. He was also an official artist for the Maritime Ministry.

    Exhibited : Paris

  • Lee-Hankey, William Biography

    1869 - 1952

    William Lee-Hankey was a painter and etcher of landscapes, figure subjects, and harbour scenes. Lee-Hankey was born in Chester in 1869 . Served with Artists Rifles 1915-18. He Studied at Chester School of Art, Royal College of Art and in Paris.

    For many years he lived in France and painted the majority of his pictures in Normandy, Brittany and on the Cote d'Azure. He won many medals and became an elected member of many of the major art institutions, including the Royal Institute. His work is represented in collections both in England and abroad.

    Exhibited : The Royal Academy (From 1893); The Old Watercolour Society; The New Watercolour Society; The Royal Institute of Painters in Oil Colours.

  • Leickert, Charles Henry Joseph Biography

    1816 - 1907

    Charles Henri Joseph Leickert was born in Brussels in 1816. He was a talented artist and became known for his paintings of town scenes and landscapes. He studied under and was highy influenced by the great townscape artists of his day, Wijhandus Johannes Josephus Nuyen, Andreas Schelfhout and Johannes van Hove. Leickert's use of light and colour in his paintings is particularly striking.

    Leickert exhibited regularly in The Hague and Amsterdam.

    Museums : Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam; Central Museum Utrecht.; Museum Boymans-van Beuningen, Rotterdam

  • Leighton, Edmund Blair Biography

    1853 – 1922

    Edmund Blair Leighton was born in London on 21st September, 1853. His father was the portrait artist Charles Blair Leighton who exhibited at the Royal Academy between 1843 and 1854. His portrait of Joseph Hume now hangs in the National Portrait Gallery.

    Leighton began painting when he was 21 and he trained at the Royal Academy School. He first exhibited there in 1878 when he is recorded as living at 175 Cornwall Road, Notting Hill. He was a skilled draughtsman and his pleasing genre paintings were either of historical subjects or subjects of a rather more romantic nature. He often depicted elegant ladies in landscapes or interiors and Christopher Wood wrote that the works ‘have a similar charm to those of Tissot’. Certainly the public greatly admired his work and delighted in his romantic depiction of a bygone age. Leighton continued to exhibit at the Royal Academy until 1904. His works were often signed E.B.L.

    The artist died in London on 1st September 1922 and Bristol City Museum and Leeds City Art Gallery have examples of his works in their collections.

  • Lesrel, Adolphe Alexandre View paintings Biography

    1839 - 1929

    Adolphe Alexandre Lesrel was born at Genet in France on 19th May, 1839. He studied painting and was greatly influenced by the famous French artist Meissonier who painted detailed military subjects.

    During the 19th century people developed a vivid fascination for the past. The was particularly true in France where memories of the recently deposed monarchy were still strong and the political situation was volatile. Paintings emphasized the human qualities of the subjects and in Lesrel's works he alludes to the paternal qualities of the monarchy by painting the King's men at ease in their domestic situations.

    Lesrel gives us an intimate and nostalgic glimpse of the past . His cavaliers are exquisitely painted with every attention paid to detail. His colours are rich and vibrant and his rendition of luxurious is outstanding.

    The artist was elected to the Society of French Artists in 1885 and he received an award from them in the Exposition Universalle in 1889. He became an Associate of the Salon de la Nationale Beaux Arts in 1890 and regularly exhibited his works there.

    Lesrel died in 1929.

    Museums : Digne, Nantes, Rouen, Saint Lo, New York, and Sydney.

    Literature : E. Benezit 'Dictionary of Painters & Sculptors' Hook & Poltimore 'Popular 19th Century Painting'.

  • Levis, Maurice View paintings Biography

    1860 - 1940

    Maurice Levis was born in Paris on 11th November, 1860. He studied painting with the great Barbizon master Harpignies and also Jules Lefebvre and P. Billet.

    Levis was a very competent artist from an early age and he exhibited his first painting at the Salon at the age of 26. He was a member of the Salon des Artistes Francais in Paris from 1888 gaining several medals here including a distinction in 1895, a third place medal in 1896 and a gold medal in 1927.

    Like Harpignies, Levis dedicated his life to painting the French countryside. His landscapes were of northern France and Brittany and were often painted on a small scale. The artist used delicate brush strokes and pastel hues to create fresh and atmospheric works which were charming in their detail. He captured the French landscape perfectly.

    Literature : 1820-1920 Les Petits Maitres de la Peinture Valeur de Demain by Gerald Schurr

  • Lewin, Stephen Biography

    fl. 1890 – 1910

    Stephen Lewin was an English artist who specialised in painting genre subjects. His exact date of birth is not known but we do know that he exhibited his paintings in London between 1890 and 1908. In 1902 Lewin exhibited a work entitled ‘An Alarm’ at the Royal Academy and at this time he lived at 11 Bath Road, Bedford Park in London.

    The popularity of Queen Victoria gave rise to a renewed interest in historical subject matter with a Royalist theme. Cavaliers were thought to be flamboyant and debonair and were excellent visual material for artists in search of striking historical subject matter. Lewin was very fond of this theme as it showed off his excellent draughtsmanship well. He painted many such works which were greatly admired.

  • Lewington, Richard Biography

    B. 1951

    Richard Lewington is considered to be the world's finest illustrator of books about butterflies and moths. Both his father and grandfather were very keen on butterflies and as a boy Richard used to pore over their collections. When he first started to sketch creatures as a boy, Richard tended to draw birds but after graduating from art college in the early 1970s, his first freelance commission was to illustrate the insects in the Reader's Digest Book of the Countryside and from then on he has specialised in butterflies and moths.

    Richard's skill as observer and miniaturist is complemented by his knowledge of his subject matter, gathered over more than three decades, and his total fascination with the creatures he paints. Using a combination of live specimens, photographic resources and specimens from the Oxford University Museum and private collectors, he captures more accurately in his gouache paintings the detail and colour of each specimen than any photograph.

    Amongst the many books illustrated: and in some cases written or co-authored - by Richard are :
    The Butterflies of the West Indies and South Florida 1994
    Collins Field Guide : Butterflies of Britain and Europe 1997
    Field Guide to the Dragonflies and Damselflies of Great Britain and Ireland 1997
    Field Guide to the Moths of Great Britain and Ireland 2003
    Pocket Guide to the Butterflies of Great Britain and Ireland 2003

  • Lewis, Charles James Biography

    1830 - 1892

    Charles James Lewis was a popular and prolific painter of genre and domestic scenes. He often painted on a smaller scale depicting natural and attractive scenes featuring children as the focal point.

    Lewis was a regular exhibitor at the Royal Academy (1853-1890) and at the British Institute, the Society of British Artists, the New Watercolour Society, Grosvenor Gallery, and the New Gallery amongst others. He was elected a member of the RI in 1882.

  • Lomax, John Arthur Biography

    1857 - 1923

    John Arthur Lomax was a Manchester born genre painter. He studied painting in Stuttgart and the Munich Academy but returned to Manchester and later relocated to London. His subjects were mostly historical of the 17th and 18th Century, especially of the civil war period, and often with a dramatic or sentimental theme. Lomax was a regular exhibitor at Suffolk Street and also at the Royal Academy from 1880. Titles at the RA include: 'Thoughts of Christmas', 'An Old Master', and 'A Flaw in the Title'.

  • Lucas, Albert Durer View paintings Biography

    1828 - 1918

    Albert Durer Lucas, the son of sculptor Richard Cockle Lucas, exhibited mainly in London between 1859-78 with the Royal Institute and the Society of British Artists. He painted small, detailed studies of flowers and foliage, sometimes with butterflies and other insects. In 1910 he caused a sensation by revealing that his father was the real author of a bust of Flora which had recently been bought by the Berlin Museum as a Leonardo.

  • Lucas, Edward George Handel Biography

    1861-1936

    Edward Lucas was a painter of still-life, landscape and figure subjects. He exhibited at the Royal Academy, Royal Society of British Artists, and Grosvenor Gallery. He is best known for his meticulous still-life subjects, with moralistic titles. His attention to detail was such that his paintings rarely took less than six months to complete and very often longer. Such is the scarcity of his work that his life story has remained totally forgotten until recently when his diaries of newspaper cuttings were discovered. Named after his father's favorite composer, Handel Lucas was hailed a child genius when he first exhibited at the Royal Academy in 1879 at the age of seventeen. From then on his work appeared regularly at the annual Academy exhibitions and always drew notices praising his consistent quality. “Mr Handel Lucas... possesses in a more marked degree than any still life painter I have met with, that genius which a great writer has informed us is an infinite capacity for taking pains.” By 1910, with the tide of fashion turning in favour of Impressionism, Handel Lucas found his work became increasingly difficult to sell. Three years later, it was recorded that he was working on a picture in an attempt to pay the rent bill of £60. The landlady would not wait for its completion and the families were evicted. His work began to re-appear at London auctions in 1972, as did a demand for his highly detailed stile life paintings. Geraldine Norman wrote an article called 'Blowing The Dust Off A Forgotten Pre-Impressionist' in The Times in 1972.

  • Luny, Paul Biography

    1821 - 1886

    Born in London in 1759, Luny studied painting froma young age under the marine painter Francis Holman. Luny's early work is very similar to Holman's except that he used a slightly lighter, warmer palette. Between 1780 and 1793 he was a regular exhibitor at the Royal Academy. In 1793 Luny joined the navy and consequently ceased to exhibit his paintings. It was nine years later, in 1802, when he showed another work in public- 'Battle of the Nile' at the Royal Academy. After retirement from the navy in 1810 Luny was able to paint full time and meticulously kept an inventory of all the pictures he sold - with the title, the purchaser's name and the price. He spent the rest of his life in Teignmouth- an inspiring place for a marine artist such as Luny. It also proved a lucrative move as there were a number of naval officers in the town who were glad to commission pictures.

    Towards the end of his life Luny suffered from arthritis but continued to paint. Indeed in June 1837 (the year of his death) an exhibition of 130 of his works was held in a Bond Street Gallery.

  • Magne, Desire Alfred Biography

    1855 - 1936

    Literature : Elisabeth Hardouin-Fugier, Les Peintres de Natures Mortes en France au XIXe Siecle, Paris 1998, page 153 (illustrated)

    Desire Alfred Magne was a painter of genre, still life, animals and flowers.

    He was born in Lusignan (Vienne). He studied at l'ecole Municipale des Beaux-Arts in Poitiers, then under the tutelage of Cabanel and James Bertrand in Paris. He exhibited at the Paris Salon from 1879 onwards. From 1894 Magne was a member of the Societe des Artistes Francais and in 1886 he was awarded an honourable mention. This success was continued in 1897 and 1907 when he won further medals for his paintings.

    Museums : Arras, Compiegne, Epinal, Poitiers and Rochefort

  • Magni, Guiseppe Biography

    1869 - 1956

    Giuseppe Magni was born in Pistoia, Italy in April 1869. Little is known of his early life but he studied painting under Professor Ciseri in Florence at the Academia di Belle Arti.

    Magni's main interest was in painting genre subjects which were in great demand in Italy and throughout Europe in the latter part of the 19th century. The theme of the peasant as being of picturesque charm was highly saleable and it reinforced the idyllic view of the countryside that the newly rich merchants, forced to spend their working life in urban surroundings in cities such as Florence and Naples, dearly wanted to buy.

    Magni, along with his contemporaries Giovanni Torriglia (1858-1937) and Eugenio Zampighi (1859-1944), painted peasant scenes modelled on real life. He used a naturalistic technique to create a warm and sympathetic view of the wholesomeness of peasant family life. His palette was rich in colour and his figures were very well drawn. He often incorporated children into his subject matter as this was also a highly popular theme.

    Magni sold many paintings during his career which was mostly spent in Florence. In 1900 he took part in the Alinori painting competition there with a work entitled 'Ave Maria'.

    The artist died in Florence in 1956.

  • Malfroy, Henry Biography

    1895 - 1944

    The French artist Henry Malfroy was born in Martigues (Mouth of the Rhone) on the 15th January 1895.

    He was most likely the son of Charles Malfroy, with whom he is often confused. He was an impressionist painter, specialising in topographical subjects including the town of Cassis, the Mouth of the Rhone,the Var and in particular street scenes of Paris.

    He regularly exhibited at the Salons des Artistes Francais et des Independants..

  • Mander, William Henry Biography

    fl. 1880 - 1922

    William Henry Mander is best known for his landscape paintings. He lived in Birmingham, North Wales, Lincoln and Sheffield and specialised in painting views of the Midlands and North Wales. Mander's style has often been compared to that of B. W.

    Leader (especially Leader's later work when he broke away from pre-Raphaelite influence towards a broader, and more naturalistic style).

    Mander exhibited between 1882 and 1914 and although he never showed his paintings in London he was a frequent exhibitor at The Royal Society of Artists in Birmingham (66 works) together with his contemporaries David Bates and B W Leader. Mander also exhibited pictures at the Royal Cambrian Academy.

    Mander has a particularly attractive naturalistic style. He painted in a variety of soft colours ranging from yellows through to greens and browns. His subjects feature cottages and figures - often engaged in activities such as fishing or a shepherd leading his flock.

    Exhibited : The Royal Society of Artists (Birmingham)The Royal Cambrian Academy

  • Mansfeld, Moritz Biography

    fl. 1850 - 1890

    Moritz Mansfeld was born in Austria and studied painting in Vienna. He is best known for his still life paintings which were highly detailed and had a jewel-like quality. Little is known of his life but he produced many paintings which were eagerly sought after by the contemporary bourgeoisie.

  • Marais-Milton, Victor Biography

    1872 - 1948

    Victor Marais-Milton was a French artist, born in Puteaux, Hauts-de-Seine on 21st July 1872. Marais-Milton's work mainly featured figure subjects and genre themes often incorporating Cardinals and Clerical figures in situations which gently, yet poignantly point an ironical finger at their role and function in the church. The Bishops, Prelates and Cardinals in there vivid and wonderfully picturesque scarlet are often portrayed in recreational settings, idling their time away playing musical instruments and singing.

    However Marais-Milton did not offend with such subjects, indeed his humour is so subtle he went on to win several prizes with similar themes. He was a member of the Salon of French Artists where he actively exhibited his work from 1892.

    Exhibited : Paris, Monte Carlo, Anvers, London, USA, Germany

  • Marcel-Clement, Amedee Julien View paintings Biography

    Born 1873

    Amedee Julien Marcel-Clement was born in Paris on 15th September, 1873. He painted various subjects including landscapes, seascapes, wildlife and Parisian scenes. In 1903 he made his debut at the Salon de la Nationale des Beaux-Arts and he continued to exhibit there and at the Salon des Independents for many years. Between 1913 and 1914 he also exhibited in England at the Walker Art Gallery in Liverpool and at the Royal Scottish Academy.

    Although Marcel-Clement resided in Paris for virtually all his life, he only painted a relatively small number of views of his native city. The majority of his works are shipping subjects off the French coast and it is for these works that he is best known. His coastal views capture the dramatic atmosphere of light emanating from the sky and bouncing off the sea. His palette is natural and he uses varied greys and blues interspersed with whites and creams to evoke the silvery quality of both sky and sea. Using simplified forms and abstracted surfaces the sails of the boats are evoked with astonishing realism. The viewer is drawn into the scene as if he were actually there.

    Exhibited : Salon Nationale des Beaux-Arts, Salon des Independents

    Museums: Musee du Petit-Palais, Paris, Nimes, Strasbourg, Tokyo

    Literature : Gerald Shurr '1820 - 1920 - Les Petits Maitres de la Peinture Valeur de Demain'

  • Marshall, John Fitz Biography

    1859 - 1932

    John Fitz Marshall was a painter of animals, landscapes and flower subjects. He was educated in and spent most of his life in Croydon. He is also thought to be the son of John Marshall (exh. Royal Academy 1840-69).

    Fitz Marshall exhibited some twenty paintings at the Royal Academy from 1883 to 1903, and a further two in 1913 and 1915. He also exhibited at Suffolk Street, the National Gallery and was elected to the Royal Society of British Artists in 1896.

    His dog paintings tend to be pet portraits, which have a soft, atmospheric quality.

  • Massani, Pompeo Biography

    1850-1920

    Born December 1850 in Florence, he studied at the Academy of Fine Arts in Florence under the painter Gardigiani. He first exhibited his work in 1879 and during his life he continued to work throughout Italy, particularly in Florence, Rovigo and Genoa. He was made a Knight of the Crown of Italy for his artistic endeavours
    .
    Massani is best known for his depiction of genre subjects. Some of these were of ecclesiastical subjects or peasant life, but his favourite subject was that of 18th century Italian interiors with elegant figures. Like other contemporaries such as Reggianini, Landini, Ricci and Andreotti, his works often had a romantic theme. Taste, elegance and luxury are keynotes in the re-interpretation of a bygone age, and many artists in Florence at this time perfected this popular genre.

  • Meadows, James Edwin Biography

    1828 - 1888

    A London landscape painter, James Edwin Meadows was the son of well known artist, James Meadows Senior, and came from a family with a strong artistic tradition.

    Despite being based in London, James Edwin Meadows travelled extensively throughout Great Britain seeking inspiration for his landscapes, particularly concentrating on the Southern coastline. He frequently painted views in Essex, Kent, Sussex, Surrey and the Isle of Wight.

    James Edwin Meadows exhibited at the major London Galleries including the Royal Academy (1854-72), the British Institute and the Royal Society of British Artists.

  • Meadows, Arthur Joseph Biography

    1843 - 1907

    The son of James Meadows, Senior (1798 - 1864), Arthur Joseph was one of the leading members of the Meadows family of artists. He travelled extensively, painting harbours, rivers and coastal scenes in England, France and Holland and around the Mediterranean. He employed a subtle colour palette and his paintings demonstrate a keen eye for detail coupled with topographical accuracy. Meadows was a successful painter in his own lifetime and his works sold for substantial prices.

    Exhibited : Royal Academy, Royal Society of British Artists, British Institute.

  • Mellon, Campbell A View paintings Biography

    1878 - 1955

    Campbell Mellon was born in Berkshire on the 16th of June 1878. He married and settled in Nottingham in 1903 and remained there until he died in Gorleston on 28th August, 1955. He only started painting following his move to Nottingham. He studied under Carl Brenner, nephew of B W Leader, RA amongst other artists. After his arrival in Norfolk he studied under Sir J A Arnesby Brown, RA. His work can be seen in public galleries in Bristol, Leeds, Sheffield and Great Yarmouth.

  • Mellor, William Biography

    1851 - 1931

    William Mellor was born in Barnsley and specialised in landscapes of Yorkshire, but also frequently painted subjects of North Wales and the Lake District. He lived in Yorkshire throughout his life, residing in Ilkley, Scarborough and lastly Harrogate, where he died.

    Mellor's paintings recorded many well known views, especially around Bolton Abbey, and his compositions generally included water - either the tranquil waters of the rivers Wharfe and Nidd or the majestic lakes of Grasmere and Ullswater. His favourite season was late summer or early autumn, which allowed him to paint foliage meticulously and with a warm palette.

    William Mellor did not exhibit his work in London, but his paintings are highly sought after by collectors today. His son Everett Watson Mellor (1878-1965) was also an artist who followed his father in subject and style.

  • Monsted, Peder Biography

    1859 - 1941

    Peder Mork Monsted was born on 10th December 1859 near to Grenaa in Denmark. He began his artistic training in Aarhus before travelling to Copenhagen to study at the Academy of Copenhagen from 1875 to 1879. He was much influenced by his teacher Andries Fritz, court painter to Prince Ferdinand of Aarhus, and he also studied figure painting under Julius Exner and Niels Simonsen.

    Monsted's style developed further in the studio of Peder Severin Kroyer and through a brief period with William Adolphe Bouguereau. Although established in Copenhagen, he travelled throughout Europe, North Africa and the Middle East. His work was frequently exhibited in Charlottenborg and at the Paris and Munich Salons. He is widely recognised for his luminous landscapes often featuring water, which demonstrate an almost photographic quality and supreme technical skill.

    Exhibited: Copenhagen, Paris, Munich

    Museums: Aalborg, Bautzen, Randers

  • Moore, Claude T.Stanfield Biography

    1853 - 1901

    Claude T. Stansfield Moore specialised in painting landscapes and seascapes but perhaps he is best known for his river scenes of the Thames. Moore exhibited pictures at the Suffolk Street Galleries, and his works are represented at The Nottingham Art Gallery, including a painting entitled 'Beating up The Thames'.

    Moore was born in Nottingham, but painted all over England. He has an attractive style of painting often using warm colours.

  • Moore, John Biography

    1820 - 1902

    Born in Woodbridge, Suffolk, John Moore was an apprentice to his father's business and initially began painting only as a hobby. He was strongly influenced by other members of the Suffolk School such as; Thomas Churchyard and E. R. Smythe who also painted in and around Woodbridge.

    Moore preferred to paint the East coast, the Suffolk countryside and Scotland. He became an active member of the Ipswich Art Club on its formation in 1875, where he regularly exhibited until a year before his death.

  • Morel, Jan Evert Biography

    1835 - 1905

    Jan Evert Morel was born in Amsterdam on 24th February 1835. He lived and worked there for most of his life, exhibiting his works between 1853 and 1874. He was the son and pupil of the marine artist C. J. Morel (1798 - 1861) but Jan specialised in painting wooded landscapes, often depicting small figures. Although he sometimes painted on a large scale, most of his works are small and painted on panel. Morel died in Weesp on 14th May 1905.

    Museums: Bisdon Van Vliet, Haastrecht, Boymans, Rotterdam.

  • Mulio, Javier Biography

    Born 1957

    Javier Mulio was born on December 24, 1957 in Alcoy, Alicante, Spain.
    Mulio was brought up within the artistic community of Alcoy and this influence encouraged him to take up painting at the age of fourteen.

    At the age of eighteen he began his formal training in art and studied under the Spanish artist and teacher Mila Gomez in Alcoy from 1973-76. Mulio began painting professionally after he completed his schooling in 1978. Since this time he has regularly exhibited at galleries in Spain, France, the United Kingdom and the USA to critical acclaim.

    Mulio has an almost hyper-realist style of painting. Simple still life compositions of glass, fruit and liquid with exquisite lighting in uncomplicated surroundings. His paintings reflect a timeless serenity and are always carefully balanced in colour, shape and texture. He has dedicated his life to painting still life using the techniques of the Dutch Masters but with a more contemporary use of colour and elements.
    The works of Javier Mulio are in private and corporate collections throughout the Far East, Europe and the Americas.

  • Munnings, Sir Alfred James Biography

    1878 - 1959

    Munnings was born on October 8th, 1878 in Mendham, Suffolk. Although blinded in one eye at the age of 20 he went on to become an artist of world renown and President of the Royal Academy, London. Alongside Stubbs, Munnings is regarded as one of the two great English masters of Sporting Art.

    Starting out as an apprentice at a Norfolk lithographers between 1893 and 1898, he trained as an artist, attending the Académie Julien in Paris in 1902/3 before moving to Newlyn, Cornwall in 1911. He was sent as a war artist to France towards the end of World War 1. In 1919 Munnings moved to Castle House in Dedham where he lived until his death in 1959. In the 1920s his reputation grew and in 1926 he was elected to the Royal Academy, having first exhibited there in 1898. He was elected President in 1944.


    Munnings is best known for his studies of horses, an apt subject for someone brought up in Suffolk with its long associations with the development of the horse. His works between 1898 and 1920 provide an excellent record of the way of life of rural England. From 1920 onwards his reputation as an equine artist became international, travelling worldwide to complete commissions for many of the most famous racehorse owners.

  • Munro, Peter Biography

    Born 1954

    Peter Munro still lives in the Highlands of Scotland where he gains much of his inspiration from the magnificent wildlife and countryside around him. Born in the Highlands in 1954 he completed an honours degree at the Chelsea School of Art but only took up painting a full-time career in 1987. He concentrated initially upon wildlife work and later upon landscapes and, to an increasing extent, the beautiful golf courses of the United Kingdom and Eire with which he has made his name.

    Exhibited : Holland & Holland Glimpses of Nature London 1996; McEwan Gallery Summer Exhibition Royal Deeside 1993-99; Howard / Mandville Gallery Animals in Art Kirkland, Washington 1998

  • Munsch, Josef Biography

    1832 - 1896

    The Austrian artist Josef Munsch was born in Linz in 1832 and died in Munich in 1896. Munsch worked predominantly in oil but was also known to produce prints and lithographs, specialising in scenes of history and genre.

  • Neogrady, Laszlo View paintings Biography

    1896 - 1962

    Laszlo Neogrady was born in Budapest, Hungary in 1896. He was the son of the artist Anatal Neogrady and he studied painting at the Hungarian Academy of Fine Arts under the artist Ede Ballo.

    From 1922 Laszlo Neogrady exhibited his work at the Hungarian Art Gallery. He specialised in painting naturalistic landscapes many of which depicted forest scenes in the snow. These works are highly sought after and can be found in collections throughout the world. The artist's extensive use of impasto creates an almost three dimensional effect in these works. His use of light is usually dramatic and his landscapes are very atmospheric.

    The artist died on 27th August, 1962.

  • Noel, John Bates Biography

    fl. 1893 - 1909

    Born in Malvern in Worcestershire, John Bates Noel (also known as John Bates) was born into a highly artistic family. David Bates, an artist in both oil and watercolour and specialised in depicting Welsh and Scottish landscapes, was a close relative. Like David Bates, Noel painted in the style of his fellow Birmingham School followers, Joseph Thors and William Henry Mander. His composition is informal and his brushwork is fluid and loose, conveying a wonderful sense of movement. Like Joseph Thors, his landscapes often incorporated elements of interest such as country dwellings, farm houses, farmyard animals and informal figure groups.

    John Bates Noel actively exhibited his work in London and the provinces between 1893 and 1909.

  • Normann, Adelsteen View paintings Biography

    1848 - 1918

    Adelsteen Normann was born on 1st May, 1848 at Bodo, Norway. He started his working life in business, but gave this up before he was twenty and went to Dusseldorf to study painting. He worked in Dusseldorf from 1869 to 1873 with the well known charismatic Russian professor Eugen Ducker, who encouraged him in his imaginative treatment of landscape.

    The grandeur of the fjords fascinated Normann the most and he was always preoccupied with trying to recreate their atmosphere. He loved Norwegian rural life and the harmony this seemed to have with the surrounding landscape. Paintings of fishermen, peasants and small villages set against the snow are typical of this. Normann's work was very much appreciated during his lifetime. He exhibited in Berlin, Vienna, London, Dusseldorf and Munich and also at the Salon de Paris from 1882. Here he received an honourable mention in 1884 and a bronze medal in 1889. His work can be found in many important museums including Cologne, Dusseldorf, Liverpool, Stockholm and Sydney.

  • Norton, Larry Biography

    Born 1963

    Larry Norton first exhibited his paintings of African Wildlife with Burlington Paintings in 1994 and has subsequently held many further highly successful one-man shows including the the largest show of his career, entitled 'Norton's African Safari' held in 2003.

    The well-known African Wildlife artist, Larry Norton first exhibited with Burlington Paintings in 1994 and has subsequently held two further highly successful one-man shows, in 1998 'African Epic' and in 1999 'Cats of Africa and Asia'. In 2003, Larry Norton had the largest show of his career, entitled 'Norton's African Safari', over 40 paintings of wildlife across the African Continent from Cape to Cairo which was held at Burlington Paintings.

    Norton is now based in Cape Town, but was born in Zimbabwe and has lived and worked there most of his professional life. He has been actively involved in wildlife preservation and through his art has supported a number of conservation causes.

    Commission Paintings As well as the stock available, commissions can be arranged with Larry Norton through Burlington Paintings. Please contact us to discuss your requirements. Whether it be a particular subject or animal that you would like to have painted, Larry Norton will prepare a sketch for approval and once agreed will complete the oil painting to the specified size.

    Exhibited: London, New York, Canada, Johannesburg, Harare, Texas and Boston.

    Background Biography Larry Norton was born in Zimbabwe in 1963. He grew up on a farm in the north east of the country where he began drawing as a boy. He continued his passion for painting whilst studying for an agricultural degree in Australia, and later, when working as a white-water rafting guide on the Zambezi River. In 1988 he began his career as a professional artist and has since exhibited around the world, including several enormously successful exhibitions in New York and London.

    In 1989 Larry Norton received the Catasus Medal (the Society of Animal Artists' most prestigious award). He was also the winner of the Safari Club International inaugural art show in 1990 and in 1997, Larry was awarded the Activities Press Print Award by the Society of Animal Artists, Ohio, USA.

    Larry has illustrated numerous publications on Africa and its wildlife, including 'Zambezi - River of the Gods' published by Andre Deutsch of London, 'African Wildlife in Art - Master Painters of the Wilderness' by David Tomlinson, 'The Secret River' by Sir Laurens van der Post and most recently, 'Months of the Sun' by Ian Nyschens.

    In 1992 Larry undertook a year-long expedition with bush pilot Tom Claytor. Together, artist and pilot crossed eighteen countries in North, West and Central Africa. Claytor's book on the entire voyage will be illustrated by Larry. In 1995 he participated in a three-month expedition for National Geographic Television filming life on the Zambezi, from its source to the sea. The artist was also featured in the 'Okavago Series', a documentary for French Television (Ushia TFI) on the Zambezi River and its course through Mozambique and Zimbabwe

  • Olsson R.A., Julius View paintings Biography

    1864 - 1942

    Albert Julius Olsson RA (1 February 1864 – 7 September 1942) was a renowned British maritime artist. He was born in London, to Swedish and English parents.  Having started his study of painting in London at the age of twenty-six he moved to Cornwall where he had a studio in St. Ives overlooking Porthmeor beach.  His life-long love of the sea started here where he could observe the powerful waves at first hand in all weathers and at all times of the day or night. This fixation stayed with him throughout his life and his ability to depict crashing waves and the enormous power of the sea producing exciting atmospheric effects brought him great critical acclaim.

    In the last decade of the 19th century he was an important figure in the St Ives school of artists where, between 1890 and 1912, he taught alongside Louis Grier and Algernon Talmage and Arnesby Brown.  For these artists, the figurative painting favoured by the nearby Newlyn School was very much secondary to the beauty of the sea and its changing character.  Olsson first exhibited at the Royal Academy in 1890, and he joined the New English Art Club in 1891. During his time at St Ives, Olsson taught numerous artists, including Mary McCrossan and Richard Hayley Lever, Reginald Guy Kortright, Emily Carr, John Anthony Park, Charles David Jones Bryant, Robert Borlase Smart and many others. In 1912 he returned to London and in 1914 Olsson was elected ARA. During the First World War he served as a lieutenant in the RNVR, and in 1920 became a full member of the RA .

    After his London studio was bombed, he moved with his Irish wife Edith Ellison to Dalkey, near Dublin, where he died in 1942.


    His work is represented at the many museums including: 

    Bristol City Art Gallery, Cardiff: National Museums and Galleries of Wales, Glasgow Art Gallery and Museum, Liverpool: Walker Art Gallery, London: National Maritime Museum, London: Leighton House, London: Royal Academy, London: Tate Britain

  • Paoletti, Antonio Biography

    1834-1912

    Antonio Paoletti was born in Venice on the 8th May 1834. He specialised in painting genre scenes and he occasionally adopted the style of the 18th century. Paoletti was very fond of depicting the people of Venice going about their daily work, often set against the background of the well known buildings and canals of the city. He often incorporated children in his work and these paintings are particularly endearing. It is also known that he painted the ceiling of the Church of the Madonna dell’Orto.

    He died on the 13th December 1912 in Venice and work has been exhibited in
    Rome, Milan and Turin.

  • Parker, Henry H. View paintings Biography

    1858 - 1930

    Born in 1858, Henry Parker lived in London and studied at the St Martin's School of Art. He started his working life as an illustrator for the Illustrated London News, and by the age of 23 had become known as a landscape painter. Throughout his life he enjoyed widespread popularity as an artist, and this is today witnessed by the number of his works consigned to Galleries and Museums throughout the world.

    From 1923, Parker exhibited in the United States, especially in Chicago, where he was unable to meet the demand for his pictures. His paintings were also popular with the Canadians and were hung in all the leading clubs throughout Canada and the States.

    Parker specialised in painting Landscapes particularly harvesting scenes, and river subjects. He painted mainly in the South East of England, in Surrey, Sussex, and along the Thames where he frequently stayed at Goring and Streatley. He also painted in the Worcestershire area and in Wales.

    Parker's works can be found in the following museums and galleries:

    England: Birmingham, Liverpool, Eastbourne, Hartlepool, Bradford.Canada: The Manitoba Club, Winnipeg, St James's, Montreal.New Zealand: The Auckland MuseumAustralia: The Melbourne Gallery

  • Paton, Frank Biography

    1856 - 1909

    Frank Paton was born at Gravesend in Kent, and spent most of his working life between London and Kent. He established himself as an animal and genre painter, and his paintings are characterised by both their great attention to detail and their humorous content.

    Many of Frank Paton's paintings were subsequently engraved and amongst these engravings were a series of etchings surrounded by humorous vignettes, illustrating sporting or social preoccupations. Many of his animal portraits were also engraved.

    Paton was a family man, and was keen to teach his children to follow in his footsteps as an artist. His son painted still life and interior scenes.

    Frank Paton was a frequent exhibitor at the Royal Academy.

  • Peacock, Ralph Biography

    1868 - 1946

    The painter and illustrator Ralph Peacock was born in Wood Green, London on 14th August, 1868. He was trained as a civil servant but when he was 18 he took art classes at the South Lambeth Art School, attending twice a week in the evenings. John Pettie saw one of his portraits and was so impressed he recommended that Peacock should take up painting professionally. Following his advice, Peacock attended the St. John's Wood Art School where he stayed for a year and then in 1887 he was admitted to the Royal Academy Schools.Peacock would have been familiar with all the famous contemporary artists of the period such as Sir Frank Dicksee, Lord Leighton, Holman Hunt, Burne-Jones and Herbert Draper. It was common practice for artists to exchange models and Mary Lloyd, a professional artist's model, sat for Leighton and Alma Tadema and was introduced to Peacock by Herbert Draper. Peacock painted her in 'A Study' of 1896. Peacock was also good friends with J.W. Godward. The influence of these artists on Peacock in his early years was very strong and he won a Gold Medal and travelling scholarship from the Royal Academy for his historical painting 'Victory'. This work, a highly classical subject showing a Gaul with supplicant woman pleading on behalf of a captured Roman, shows Peacock's undoubted skill in portraying the human form. He also won the Creswick prize.

    From 1890 Peacock also did book illustrations, signing his rather lively wash drawings with a flourishing signature or sometimes just 'R.P.' In 1892 he travelled around the Mediterranean and Switzerland. He exhibited his works winning medals in Vienna in 1898 and in Paris at the Exposition Universelle in 1900. By this time Peacock's main interest was portraiture and he made his career as a very successful portraitist. Holman Hunt was among his sitters but he specialised in elegant society portraits of ladies and children. A double portrait called 'The Sisters' is in the collection of the Tate and Peacock painted this in 1900. The elder of the two girls, Edith Brignall, became his wife and they lived with their two sons in Wimbledon. He eventually moved to Camden and died there on 17th January, 1946.

    Peacock exhibited many society portraits at the Royal Academy and elsewhere and this charming picture is a fine example of the artist's genre. While illustrations by Peacock are widely distributed in the magazines of the day, including Punch, paintings by him are hard to find other than in public collections.

    Exhibited: Royal Academy, Royal Society of British Artists, Grosvenor Gallery

    Museums : Tate Britain, London, National Portrait Gallery, London, Walker Art Gallery, Liverpool, National Galleries of Perth, Adelaide and Durban, J.B. Speed Art Museum, USA

    Literature : Dictionary of Victorian Painters by Christopher WoodDictionary of British Artists by Grant M. Waters

  • Percy, Sidney Richard View paintings Biography

    1821 - 1886

    Sidney Richard Percy Williams (5th son of Edward Williams) was born in London. Percy began his career when his elder brothers were already established; his style owes more to H J Boddington than Edward Williams. Percy's very early work was signed 'Sidney Williams' but he was only 20 when he adopted the use of 'Percy' as the name under which his paintings were to achieve a greater popularity than those of any other member of the Williams family.

    When Percy married in 1863, he and his new family settled in Buckinghamshire. Their Regency home, Hill House was ideally placed for the study of the English wooded landscape, as it looked across the Misbourne Valley to the beech woods and beyond. Percy reached the peak of his popularity as an artist during the years he spent at Hill House and was able to support the extravagant tastes of his wife - maintaining a carriage and employing an army of servants.

    In the Autumn of 1865 Percy visited Venice, returning home through Switzerland and Paris. No further foreign travel was possible, owing to the outbreak of war between Prussia and Austria the following year. In spite of this trip abroad it was the Welsh landscape that inspired and moved S R Percy. He was particularly fond of the villages of Llanbedr and Arthog, which are situated on either side of the Mawddach estuary in Merioneth.

    Percy died in 1886.

    Exhibited : Royal Academy (1842-1886), 73 works; British Institute, 48 works; Suffolk Street, 73works.

    Museums : The Victoria Art Gallery, Bath; the National Museum of Wales, Cardiff; The Museum of Fine Arts, Canada; and museums and city art galleries in Leicester, Nottingham, Sheffield, Sunderland, Salford and York.

  • Petit, Eugene Biography

    1839 - 1886

    Eugene Petit was born in Paris in 1839. He specialised in painting genre and still life, in particular flowers and fruit. He did, however, paint a small collection of sporting dog pictures as the one shown. He was a pupil of Eleve and Dieterle.

    Exhibited : Salon de Paris; 1863, 1873, received a 3rd class medal

    Museums : Carcassonne, Compiegne, Courtrai, Rouen and Saint-Etienne

  • Phillippeau, Karel Frans Biography

    1825 - 1897

    Karel Frans Philippeau was born in Amsterdam on 31st August, 1825.

    He studied painting at the Academy in Amsterdam and Antwerp and he travelled to Rome and spent time there. His stay in Rome was important in his development as an artist and many of his paintings show an Italianate influence both in subject matter and style. Philippeau specialised in painting delightful genre scenes, often showing family groups in outdoor settings. He uses a rich palatte and he was a talented draughtsman.

    The artist died in Prinsenhaag on 15th April, 1897

    Museums : Amsterdam, Brussels, Glasgow and Vienna.

  • Phillips, Nicholas Stephen Biography

    Born 1948

    Nicholas Stephen Phillips was born in London but since early childhood he has lived in Yorkshire. His father, Henry Raines Phillips, was a sculptor and his mother Kathleen was an artist so Steve, as he likes to be known, has followed in the artistic tradition of his family. Looking further back his great great grandfather was Giles Firman Phillips (1780-1867) was also an artist who painted views of the Thames.

    After leaving school, Steve worked as a restorer at Temple Newsam House and Leeds City Art Gallery and this was to have a profound influence on his stylistic development. Between 1970 and 1974 the artist was able to study the collections in these museums and he was particularly attracted to the work of Atkinson Grimshaw. Steve emulates Grimshaw’s techniques in his own paintings, experimenting with different coloured grounds to achieve luminosity and always giving painstaking attention to every detail in the composition.

    In 1980 Steve began to paint professionally but he has always combined his career as an artist with his career as a professional musician. He is a celebrated blues singer and guitarist and has enjoyed success with his albums and concerts.

    Steve Phillips is a true craftsman, excelling in both oils and pastels. His depictions of the Yorkshire landscape are captivating and his work is sought after by collectors worldwide.


  • Pothast, Bernard View paintings Biography

    1882 - 1966

    Bernard Pothast was born on 30th November, 1882 in Hal, Belgium. He studied painting at the Rijksakademie in Amsterdam between 1904 and 1907 and there he was particularly influenced by the artist A. Allebe, who was a professor at the school. Pothast was very much a follower of the Hague School who were the Dutch equivalent of the French Impressionists. He specialised in painting interior scenes with children, often depicting toys and other objects which are of both an historical and artistic interest.

    It has been suggested that his models were his wife and children and it is tempting to accept this as true when a likeness of models can be detected throughout his works. The artist's use of light was very special. His figures are often bathed in a warm glowing light which usually emanates from a window and gives and added intimacy to the scene. Pothast died in Laren on 1st February 1966. His paintings continue to be very popular and can be found in private collections throughout the world.

  • Redmore, Henry Biography

    1820 - 1887

    The Humberside artist Henry Redmore is recognised as one of Britain's greatest marine painters. His earliest works show the influence of the Scottish marine painter, William Anderson (1757-1837) who resided in Hull for some time. John Ward (1798-1849), another great marine painter from Hull, may well have taught Redmore.

    Many of Redmore's works depict shipping in the Humber estuary, off the Yorkshire coast and in the harbours of Whitby and Scarborough. He also visited the South West Coast of England, and pictures are recorded by him of Torbay and several other ports on the Devon and Cornish coast. It is probable that he travelled to Holland and Germany, with Hull playing an important role in trade between Britain and the continent during the 19th century. The influence of the great Dutch 17th century masters such as Willem Van de Velde can be clearly seen in many of Redmore's paintings.

    The serenity and stillness in the paintings along with the artist's great sense of colour, and high standard of draughtsmanship make the works of very high quality. The attention Redmore paid to detail shows that he was a careful observer of shipping activity between the Humber and the continent, and helps to create the unique atmosphere in his work. He exhibited at the Royal Academy and the Ferens Art Gallery in Hull has examples of his work.

  • Reggianini, Vittorio Biography

    1858 – 1938

    Vittorio Reggianini was born in Modena, Italy and he did his training at the city’s Accademia di Belle Arti where he subsequently became a professor.

    The artist’s best works were genre subjects which depicted the life of elegant ladies and gentlemen of the late 18th century. He was a superb draughtsman and he had a particular talent for painting the sumptuous fabrics and furniture of that period. Reggianini’s subject matter always suggests a story, usually of a romantic nature, but the detail is left to the imagination of the viewer. In this particularly beautiful example of the artist’s work we are left to wonder if the lady is receiving or leaving a love note. He paints her hands and face with delicate precision and her satin gown is exquisitely executed.

    It is likely that the artist lived in Florence towards the end of the century as he exhibited there frequently. Florence was also home to a number of artists at this time who specialised in this genre, including Arturo Ricci (1854-1919) and Frederic Soulacroix (1858- 1933). Florence was a popular destination for wealthy art collectors from Europe and the United States and Reggianini was a very successful artist during and after his lifetime.

  • Reyna, Antonio Maria de Biography

    1859 - 1937

    Spanish Artist Antonio Maria de Reyna was born in Malaga in 1859. He was a student of the Malaga School of Fine Art.

    Time spent in Rome and especially Venice proved to be a great source of inspiration to Reyna. He painted many views of the Grand Canal and the basilica San Marco as well as other prominent Venetian sights.

    Highlights of his exhibited works include with the National Society of Fine Art, Paris in 1887 and l' Exposition Universalle in Rome 1911. Reyna's paintings can be seen today in the Malaga Museum.

  • Richter, Herbert Davis View paintings Biography

    1874 - 1955

    Herbert Davis Richter was a British artist who worked in many mediums; oil, water-colour and pastel. He was also master of many genres; still life, architectural studies, figures and interiors for which he is best known. Richter painted several scenes in Buckingham Palace and also the homes of many society figures of his day, in addition to scenes in his own homes in Redcliffe Square, London and Hungerford.

    Richter was born in Brighton on 10th May 1874. He studied furniture design at Bath School of Art before setting himself up in business in Bath as an architect and designer 1895-1906. After this period Richter travelled to London to continue his studies, enrolling at Lambeth College and the London School of Art where he studied under Browning and J. M. Swan.

    He exhibited his work at the major London Galleries and leading venues in the provinces. In 1937 he contributed to work to the Exposition Internationale de Paris, where he was awarded a Gold Medal. Richter was elected to the Royal Society of British Artists in 1910, the Pastel Society in 1916, the Royal Institute of Oil Painters in 1917, the Royal Institute in 1920, the Royal British Colonial Society of Artists in 1927 and the Royal Watercolour Society in 1937.

    Exhibited : Royal Academy, Royal Institute, Paris Salon

  • Rigolot, Albert Gabriel View paintings Biography

    1862 - 1932

    Albert Gabriel Rigolot was born in Paris on the 28th November, 1862.

    He studied and revered the work of the Old Masters and they greatly influenced his own artistic development. Rigolot's technique was measured and precise and he paid great attention to detail. His naturalistic style and treatment of light is reminiscent of the Barbizon School - this is best illustrated in his marvellous portrayals of sunlit ponds and rivers. Rigolot is best known for his landscape and alfresco pictures. His paintings are often vignettes of rural French life - he was particularly fond of painting peasants in Brittany. These characteristically show a warmth and sensitivity which illustrate Rigolot's affection for his subject matter. Harvest scenes were another of his favourite themes - these show equal competence in painting figures and mastering depth and composition in landscape. Rigolot travelled to Algeria, as was fashionable amongst artists in the late 19th Century. He painted many Oriental scenes and was consequently elected a member of the French Society of Orientalists. These works show the sophisticated, poetic vision that was the hallmark of the Orientalists and is seen in the work of great artists such as Gerome and David Roberts. Rigolot was the pupil of both Pelouse and d'Allonge.

    He was a member of the Societe des Artistes Francais from 1888, and from 1886 he exhibited regularly at the Paris Salon. In 1889 he was recommended for the Honours List - he received a Medaille de Troisieme Classe in 1891, a Medaille Deuxieme Classe in 1892, a Medaille d'Argent in 1900 and the Legion of Honour in 1901. This recognition from the state illustrates Rigolot's importance as a cultural figure at the time. His work epitomises French taste and ideals of the period. He had a studio on Rue Singer in Paris, in the XVI arrondissement. He died in Paris on the 25th April 1932.

    Exhibited : Paris Salon

    Museums : Musee de Nancy, Rouen - Luxembourg Museum - Palais de Beaux-Arts, Paris

  • Ronner-Knip, Henriette View paintings Biography

    1821 - 1909

    Ronner was born in Amsterdam on 31st May, 1821. She was the daughter of the landscape artist J.A. Knip (1777-1847) and he was her first tutor. The family travelled extensively during her childhood living for periods of time in Paris and Rome. At the age of 16 she exhibited her first work in Dusseldorf and from 1838 she exhibited in The Hague and Amsterdam. She furthered her studies under the artist J.Stevens in Belgium.

    In 1850, Henriette married Feico Ronner and she moved to Brussels. Initially she painted dogs and an exhibition in 1860 led to many commissions. However, by 1870 the artist turned her attention to painting cats. She invariably portrayed pedigree cats in luxurious surroundings; the background is always evocative of elegant homes which appealed to her wealthy patrons. Still life is usually an integral part of the subject matter often depicting cultural items such as music or instruments or fashionable trinkets or japonaiserie.

    Ronner achieved fame throughout Europe and her patrons included Don Fernando, King of Portugal and the Price of Wales. She exhibited at the Royal Academy in London between 1891 and 1903 and in the spring of 1890 she had an exhibition at the Fine Art Society. She is undoubtedly the finest 19th century painter of cats and he work is still in huge demand by collectors today.

  • Rotig, Georges Frederic Biography

    1873 - 1961

    Primarily an animal painter of the French School, George Frédéric Rötig was born in Le Havre on 1st October 1873.

    He studied in Paris where his tutors included B. Constant, J. Lefebvre and Jean Paul Laurens. From 1894 Rötig exhibited at the Salon des Artistes Français to much acclaim and he was awarded several prestigious prizes and medals in 1902, 1904 and the Prix Rosa Bonheur in 1913.

    Museums : Amiens, Cambrai, Le Havre

  • Rotta, Antonio Biography

    1828 - 1903

    Rotta was a painter of the Italian school, born on February 28th, 1828 at Gorizia, Italy. He was a pupil at the Accademia di Belle Arti di Venezia .  The development of international tourism in the nineteenth century meant that a new breed of traveller penetrated to the beauty spots of Europe.  High on the list of desirable destinations was Venice, and pictures depicting Venice were increasingly popular as memorials of visits for the new tourist.
     
    Along with other notable Italian painters like Antonio Paoletti, and Giacomo Faveretto, Antonio Rotta painted scenes of Venice with specific concentration on its colourful inhabitants, especially if they were attractive young women or children.
     
    Rotta held an exhibition of his work in Berlin in 1891.  Works by Rotta can be found in The Museum of Art in Philadelphia, United States of America as well as in the museums of Helsinki and  Trieste.
     

  • Sanderson-Wells, John Biography

    1872 - 1955

    John Sanderson-Wells was a London artist who specialised in sporting and animal painting. He studied at the Slade School of Art in London, and later at the Academie Julian in Paris. From 1895 he was a regular contributor at the Royal Academy and was elected to the Royal Institute in 1903.

    Much of Sanderson-Wells' work was private commission - mainly hunting subjects - including one for the Duke of Beaufort. Sanderson-Wells painted in a naturalistic style, his painting is technically brilliant and a feeling of graceful movement is evident in his compositions.

    His work is in many important private collections, and is highly sought after. He died on 16th March 1955.

    Exhibited : Royal Academy (1895-1904)

  • Schaan, Paul Biography

    c. Late 19th Century

    Paul Schaan was born in Petrograd, Russia to French parents. He worked in Paris in the late nineteenth century.

    Schaan painted interior and genre subjects. He was particularly fond of depicting cardinals in lavish surroundings. His canvases were painted with rich colours and a wealth of detail. Schaan's treatment of this subject was similar to that of many other cardinal painters - Francois Brunery being perhaps the most well known. The two artists often satirised the Lords of the Church and delighted in portraying them in humorous domestic dramas, in the privacy of their extravagant homes. Such portrayals showed that the clergy were subject to the same mundane trivialities of human existence as their humble flock. Indeed this genre was very popular with the nineteenth century art collectors.

    Schaan was a member of the Societe des Artistes Francais where he received an honourable mention in 1892.

    Exhibited : Societe des Artistes Francais.

  • Schelfhout, Andreas Biography

    1787 - 1870

    Andreas Schelfhout was one of the most important and influential Dutch landscape artists of the 19th Century. Born in The Hague on 16th February, 1787, he worked for his father in a gilding and picture framing business until he was 24 years old. He worked there as a house-painter, painting pictures in his spare time. In 1811 Schelfhout made his debut in The Hague at an exhibition of painters and amateurs with three small landscapes. These pictures were well received and his parents began to realise Schelfhout's artistic potential. They sent him to study in The Hague under J.A.A.H. Breckenheimer who was a stage designer. Here he learnt to paint motifs such as city scenes and landscape but also the technical aspects of painting such as perspective and paint preparation. Schelfhout made detailed studies of the great 17th Century Masters and also sketched en plein air in the countryside. The artist stayed with Breckenheimer until 1815 and his development as an artist during this time was enormous. He began to exhibit his works more regularly and they were well received. Interest in his paintings was initially confined to The Hague but by 1816 his name was known in Belgium and from then onwards the artist's rise to fame was rapid. He exhibited four works in Amsterdam (the four seasons) which were highly acclaimed and he received a Gold Medal at the exhibition in Antwerp in 1819. Schelfhout's acute sense of observation ensured that he could recreate fleeting moods very naturally. His success continued to mount and when Amsterdam's Royal Academy for Visual Arts was instituted in 1818 Schelfhout was immediately made a member. In 1822 he was named Fourth Class Correspondent of the Royal Dutch Institute and from that moment on his reputation was ensured. Schelfhout exhibited many more summer landscapes than winter ones in the Exhibition of Living Masters as the winter scene was not yet a recognised form in Holland at that time. However, as the winter scenes grew in popularity he began to include them in the exhibitions. His choice of motif between the years 1825 and 1828 was very varied: summer and winter landscapes, beach scenes, moonlight subjects and some animal paintings. He was deeply awed by the violence in nature and he once went to Scheveningan during a terrible storm, just to witness and record the event. He was one of the first of the 19th century artists to contemplate this theme which was later taken up in earnest by the artists of the Hague School. During this period Schelfhout recorded his paintings with sketches in a book. This LiberVeritatis would suggest that the artist's output was about twenty painting per year. The sketches are accompanied by details of the purchasers of the paintings and these included private and royal collectors. Of the 79 works recorded in the book, 33 are Dutch landscapes, 24 are winter landscapes, 7 are beach scenes and 12 are foreign views. This last fact suggests that Schelfhout first travelled abroad around 1825.

    Schelfhout continued to exhibit his works and his fame increased. However, his personality and his feelings of self-worth kept him open to new subjects and developments. Around 1834 the artist realised that his palette was greener than other contemporary artists such as Nuyen and Isabey. He decided to travel again to increase his awareness of nature and other artistic trends. Consequently he visited France in 1833, England in 1835 (to acquaint himself with the works of Constable) and Germany. His palette became warmer and his choice of motifs became more varied after these trips. The panorama theme continued to develop and became increasingly important in his work. From 1830 he regularly chose the Dunes near Haarlem as a motif and he became increasingly inspired by the achievements of the Industrial Revolution.

    Schelfhout died on 23rd April, 1870. He was buried in the Eik en Duinen Cemetery in The Hague. His death made a deep impression on the art-loving city and numerous influential figures followed the funeral procession. His death marked the end of the era we now call Romanticism.

  • Schramm, Viktor Biography

    1865 - 1929

    Viktor Schramm was a painter and illustrator who worked in Poplet, near Orsova, in Romania. He was born on 19th May 1865 in Orsova and later moved to Germany to study at the Academy in Munich. The Hungarian War Museum in Budapest has twenty-six portraits of Hungarian officers painted by Schramm. Likewise a portrait of Pflanzeri- Battlin hangs in the Army Museum in Vienna.
    He died on 18th November 1929

  • Seago, Edward View paintings Biography

    1910 - 1974

    Edward Seago was one of Britain's finest 20th century impressionist painters. He was born in Norwich on 31st March 1910, the son of a local coal merchant. He studied at the Royal Drawing Society and won an award at the age of 14. Although Seago was largely self-taught he did receive some instruction from Bertram Priestman.

    Edward Seago was involved in the publication of many books throughout his career. In 1934 he published a book entitled 'Sons of Sawdust' which told of circus life in the West of Ireland. He also published 'Peace in War' (1943), 'High Endeavour' (1944), 'With The Allied Armies in Italy' (1945) and his autobiography 'A Canvas to Cover' (1947). In 1936 some 42 of his paintings were used to accompany John Masefield's collection of poems, 'The Country Scene' and he worked with Masefield again on 'Tribute to Ballet' in 1937 and 'A Generation Risen' (1942). During the Second World War Seago served with the Royal Engineers and often painted in Italy with Field-Marshal Lord Alexander. His war pictures were exhibited in 1946 at the Norwich and Bristol Municipal Galleries. The pinnacle of his successful career was an exhibition at St. James's Palace in 1957 of paintings executed by him whilst accompanying the Duke of Edinburgh on his world tour.

  • Seignac, Paul Biography

    1826 - 1904

    Paul Seignac was born in Bordeaux on 12th February, 1826.

    He was a pupil of the artist Picot and he made his debut at the Paris Salon in 1849. He also received an honourable mention there in 1889.

    Seignac was painting in the French realist tradition begun by Breton and Millet. He painted genre scenes, usually on small mahogany panels, depicting appealing interior scenes with children. His subjects are sensitively portrayed and exquisitely painted using beautiful lighting effects and soft colours. Other contemporary artists painting in this style were Edouard Frere, Duverger and Dargelas all of whom were popular.

    Museums : Ajaccio, Reims

  • Seiler, Carl Wilhelm Anton Biography

    1846 - 1921

    Born on August 3rd 1846 in Wiesbaden, Carl Seiler studied at the Academy in Berlin and then in Munich under Karl Raupp (1837-1918). He served as a reserve officer during the Franco-Prussian War of 1870 before establishing himself as an artist in Munich.

    Seiler specialised in a wide range of figurative and genre subjects, often depicting historical or military scenes. He was inspired by the success of Prussia in the relatively brief struggle with France as were his fellow artists such as Wilhelm Meyerheim and Christian Sell. In contrast to Bavarian artists working in the first half of the century, who frequently used their paintings to render amusing scenes of soldiery, Seiler and his contemporaries produced works which celebrated their national pride.

    However, Carl Seiler was not confined to military subjects and he painted a wide variety of genre compositions, including gentlemen reading, playing cards, admiring a work of art or enjoying a fine dinner. Seiler's pictures are usually executed in exquisite detail, demonstrating his skill at capturing the textures of wood, fabric, glass and porcelain alongside his remarkable portrayal of the expression of each figure.

    Seiler became a member of the Berlin Academy in 1895 and exhibited his work in various venues, including Paris, where he was awarded an honourable mention in 1903. He died in Munich on 26th February, 1921.

    Museums : Bautzen, Dresden, Leipzig, Melbourne, Munich, Wiesbaden

  • Senet y Perez, Rafael Biography

    1856 – 1926

    Rafael Senet y Perez was born in Seville on 7th October, 1856. He studied under Joaquin Dominguez Becquer and Eduardo Cano de la Preda at the college of fine arts in Seville and then under J. Villegas y Cordero.

    Senet then moved to Madrid where he continued his formal education by studying the old masters in the Prado. In 1881 he went to Rome and then travelled extensively in Italy, visiting Florence, Venice and Naples before returning to Seville at the beginning of the 1890s. He settled there and aligned himself with a group of landscape artists which had formed around Sanchez Perrier.

    The development of international tourism in the 19th century meant that a new type of traveller visited the beauty spots of Europe. High on the list of desirable destinations was Venice and paintings depicting Venice were increasingly popular as reminders of such visits for the new tourist. As well as native Italian artists who mainly painted Venice, such as Rubens Santoro (1859-1942), there were also many foreign artists who, like Senet, had a fascination for the city. One of the most famous of these was the Peruvian artist Federico del Campo who had also studied in Madrid like Senet before travelling to Italy.

    Senet was involved in various exhibitions in Seville, Cadiz, Madrid and elsewhere and was awarded several prestigious medals. His paintings of Venice were very highly regarded during his lifetime and the prominent Tooth Gallery in London had exclusive sales rights for his work. The artist was a great draughtsman and colourist and his work captures not only the exquisite architecture of the city but also its unique atmosphere and beauty.

  • Sharp, Dorothea View paintings Biography

    1874 - 1955

    Dorothea Sharp was a landscape and figure painter who worked in oils. She studied art at the Regent Street Polytechnic and continued her training in Paris several years later. Like Elizabeth Forbes and Christabel Cockerell, she was at the forefront of the British Impressionist School, and is particularly well known for her informal subjects of children, often at play in the garden or on the beach.

    Dorothea Sharp's work was exhibited at the Royal Academy between 1901-4, in the provinces and also abroad. She was elected to the Royal Society of British Artists in 1907 and the Royal Institute of Oil Painters in 1922.

    Dorothea Sharp lived in London, also at Blewbury in Berkshire and St. Ives in Cornwall.

  • Shaw, Walter James Biography

    1851 - 1933

    Walter James Shaw was a painter of coastal and inshore scenes. He was born at Westbury-on-Trym near Bristol but spent most of his working life living at Salcombe in Devon.

    Shaw was a regular exhibitor at the Royal Academy and elsewhere between 1878 and1904. The majority of his paintings were gale subjects and dramatic sea pieces on and around the Cornish and Devon coasts.

    Titles at the Royal Academy include The Storm and The Ebb-tide on the Bar from 1880 and Salcombe Bar from 1904. He also has two paintings at Bristol Art Gallery entitled Bantham Sands and Salcombe Bar in Bad Weather.

  • Shayer, William Biography

    1787-1879

    William Shayer was born in Southampton and spent his entire life in Hampshire.  He was a self-taught artist but he attained great prominence during his lifetime and his works sold well.  Shayer was a prolific painter and he exhibited widely in London.  He was elected a member of the Society of British artists in 1829 and he showed his works there until 1879.  He also exhibited at the British Institution between 1827 and1862 and at the Royal Academy between 1820 and 1843.  The artist sometimes collaborated with the artist Edward Charles Williams and he had three sons who all became painters.
    Shayer’s work followed the tradition of George Morland and Francis Wheatley.  He painted idyllic rural scenes of the English countryside untainted by the Industrial Revolution.  This painting depicts a charming scene of English country folk enjoying a drink at the Royal Oak and it captures the atmosphere of ‘old England’ to perfection.

  • Shepherd, David Biography

    Born 1931

    David Shepherd CBE, FRSA, FRGS is known internationally as one of the world’s leading wildlife artists. He is also a passionate conservationist; he and the David Shepherd Conservation Foundation have raised more than £3million towards helping to save critically endangered mammals in the wild. Prolific in output as a painter of not only wildlife but portraits, landscapes, aviation, military subjects and steam railways, he is also a respected author.

    At the age of 20 David was thwarted in his attempt to become a game warden in Kenya. On his return to Britain a chance encounter with the artist Robin Goodwin resulted in his being taken on by the artist’s studio and this vigorous training was to last for 3 years. Afterwards, David began to paint aviation subjects which were prompted by his boyhood experience in London during the Blitz. He received commissions from various airlines and in 1960 the Royal Air Force flew him to Kenya and asked him to paint the local wild life. His first painting was of a rhino, for which he charged £25! From then on he says “My career took off, and I have never looked back”.

    It was at that same formative time in David’s life that he became a conservationist when he saw 255 dead zebra lying around a poisoned waterhole in Tanzania. Now he is regarded by many as being one of the world’s leading wildlife artists but also, because of the enormous debt that he says he owes to wildlife for the success it has brought him, he is known internationally as a leading conservationist

    In 1962 Shepherd had his first one-man exhibition at the Tryon gallery in London and he also produced a print of his painting ‘Wise Old Elephant’, both of which were highly successful. David is passionate about elephants and steam locomotives for the same reasons; he likes anything big! After a sell-out exhibition of paintings in 1967 in New York he started collecting steam engines that were going to be scrapped. This led to his founding The East Somerset Railway, a registered charity which was opened in 1975. In 1976 David wrote his autobiography ‘The Man who Loves Giants’ and this was revised and updated in 1989. In 1985, ‘David Shepherd – The Man and His Paintings’ was published and this brought together in a single volume a fully representative selection of his work. In 1995 his two latest books, ‘David Shepherd, My Painting Life’ and ‘David Shepherd – Only One World’ were published.

    David Shepherd was awarded an Honorary Degree on Fine Arts by the Pratt Institute in New York in 1971 and, in 1973, the Order of the Golden Ark by HRH The Prince of The Netherlands for his services to conservation. He was made a Member of Honour of the World Wide Fund for Nature in 1979 and received the Order of the British Empire for his services to wildlife conservation. In 1986 David was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society of Arts and in 1988, President Kenneth Kaunda of Zambia awarded him with the Order of Distinguished Service.He was made a Fellow of the Royal Geographical Society in 1989 and he was awarded an Honorary Doctorate of Science of Hatfield Polytechnic (now the University of Hertfordshire) in 1990. In 1996, David was made an Officer (Brother) of the Order of St. John, and in 2008 was awarded the CBE for services to art and conservation, and admitted to the Fellowship of The Worshipful Company of Painter-Stainers.

    David is 78, married with four daughters and lives in West Sussex.

  • Sheridan Knowles, George Biography

    1863 - 1931

    George Sheridan Knowles was born in Manchester in 1863. He painted portraits and genre subjects in both oils and watercolours. The artist was a member of the Royal Institute of Oil Painters and the Royal Institute of Painters in Watercolours and an associate of the Royal Cambrian Academy in Manchester. Between 1885 and 1893 he exhibited at the Royal Academy, the Suffolk Street Gallery and the Royal Institute of Painters in Watercolours and was awarded a jury commendation at the Paris Exposition Universelle of 1900.

    There can be no doubt that people in the late 19th century looked back at the previous century with great interest and artists such as Knowles catered for this fascination. He captured well some of the aspects of the bygone era with sensitivity and skill. George Sheridan Knowles died in 1931.

    Museums : Nottingham, Oldham

  • Simonsen, Simon Ludwig Ditlev Biography

    1841 - 1928

    Simon Ludvig Ditlev Simonsen was an animal and figure painter. He specialised in painting dogs and horses.

    Although he was Danish Simon Simonsen was born in Munich, on the 19th January 1841. He was the son and pupil of the artist S. Niels and continued his artistic education at the Art Academy in Copenhagen. Simonsen also studied under Auguste Bonheur in Chevreuse. He died in Copenhagen on the 27th February 1928.

    Museums : Denmark, Aalborg, Goeteborg, Horsens, Kolding, Frederiksborg, Les redoutes de Duppel

  • Simpson, Charles Walter Biography

    Born 1885

    Charles Walter Simpson was born in 1885 at Camberley in Surrey. He studied art in Paris at the Academie Julian. A painter in oil, water-colour and tempera, his subject matter included birds, animals, hunting scenes, landscapes and marines. Simpson won a gold medal at the Panama International Exposition in San Francisco, a silver medal at the Paris Salon in 1923 and a gold medal at the Paris Olympic Exhibition in 1924. He was also author and illustrator of Leicestershire and its Hunts, 1926 and Animal and Bird Paintings, 1938, as well as many other works.

    Exhibited : Royal Academy; Royal Institute; Royal Glasgow Institute of Fine Arts

  • Smith, Carlton Alfred Biography

    1853 – 1946

    Carlton Smith was born in London in 1853. He was the son of a steel engraver and spent some of his early years being educated in France. The artist also studied at the Slade School in London and he initially worked as a lithographer before taking up painting.

    Smith specialised in painting genre subjects and he excelled in both oils and watercolours. From 1879, when he lived in London at Tudor Lodge, Albert Street, until 1904 he exhibited 29 paintings at the Royal Academy. Typical subjects were works such as ‘First Steps’, ‘Bedtime’ and ‘Christmas Eve’. He also exhibited at the Royal Institutes and was elected R.I. in 1889. Carlton Smith married the artist Martha Sarah King and they lived in London and Surrey.

    Between the years 1916 and 1823 the artist lived in India.

    Works by Carlton Smith can be found in the Victoria and Albert Museum in London, Sunderland Art Gallery and the National Gallery of Melbourne.

    Literature: ‘A Dictionary of Victorian Painters’ by Christopher Wood
    ‘Dictionary of British Artists’ by Grant M. Waters

  • Smith, John Brandon View paintings Biography

    fl. 1848 - 1888

    John Brandon Smith was a London landscape painter who exhibited from 1859 to 1884 at the Royal Academy. From 1860 to 1874 he exhibited at The British Institute and also at the Royal Society of Artists, Suffolk Street. Titles at the Royal Academy included View in Surrey 1860, On the Lledr, 1867 and Caldron Linn, Perthshire, 1874.

    He is most commonly known for his pictures of rivers and waterfalls, which have been confused in the past with the work of James Burrell Smith.

  • Smythe, Edward Robert View paintings Biography

    1810 - 1899

    Edward Robert Smythe was one of the foremost painters of the Suffolk School. After early aspirations of a military life he became an artist, and worked in Ipswich alongside artists such as Robert Burrows, and his brother Thomas (1825-1906). In 1840 Smythe moved to Norwich, and is said to have worked with John Sell Cotman. He was undoubtedly influenced by several Norwich School artists, such as his friend Frederick Ladbrooke. His work attracted commissions from eminent patrons such as the Earl of Cardigan, and the Greene family.

    Exhibited : Royal Academy 1850-1861, British Institution, Royal Society of British Artists

  • Smythe, Thomas Biography

    1825 - 1906

    Thomas Smythe was born in 1825, the younger brother of Edward Robert Smythe (1810-1899). They were brought up together in Berners, Ipswich. Little is known about Thomas Smythe's education, although we can presume that he followed in his brother's footsteps, studying at the school of Mr R B Clamp in Ipswich. Their father, James Smyth (the 'e' was added later in the century) was an accountant at the Bank of Bacon, Cobbold, Durningham and Cobbold in Tavern Street, Ipswich.

    Thomas undoubtedly worked with his brother, probably sharing pictures in the early years. Around 1845, Edward Robert Smythe left for Bury, and Thomas set up on his own as a landscape and animal painter in Brook Street, Ipswich. Indeed it was in Brook Street that he painted his finest pictures. At this time he also married Miss Pearse.

    Besides canvas Thomas Smythe worked with wood panel and prepared painting boards. Some of these beautifully executed works (which have an almost enamel-like quality) are highly sought after today. During this period Smythe produced many delightful pairs of paintings and quartets illustrating the Seasons. In recognition of his flourishing career the Ipswich Art Society awarded him a Silver Medal in 1868.In 1876 Smythe visited Cumberland where he executed many paintings of the area, in particular Borrowdale. He visited London in 1898, and sought out the Old Plough Inn, Kensall Green, an old haunt of George Morland. A painting of this subject was exhibited at the Art Society. The following year he moved to London to live with his son and daughter-in-law, and remained there until his death in May 1906.

    Perhaps more than any other East Anglian painter of the mid 19th century Thomas Smythe captures the spirit of rural England. It is evident in the 'Cottage Door' and 'Going to Market' scenes which detail the dress of the farmhand or the gig laden with goods. He rendered simple scenes with great feeling. A cottage or a village church is often featured in the distance. Nor did any other East Anglian painter portray the coldness and beauty of a bleak, snowy winter's day as Thomas Smythe.

  • Sorensen, Carl Frederik Biography

    1818 - 1879

    Carl Frederik Sorensen was a Danish marine artist, born in Besser on the island of Samsa on February 8th 1818. In 1846 he was granted permission to accompany a Danish frigate (which was to cross the Mediterranean) and to sketch the landfalls. It is doubtless that it was Sorensen's first hand experience aboard sea faring vessels, that he achieved such excellence in his work. Indeed Sorensen is widely considered as one of the finest Danish marine artists and his depictions of boats, harbours and seascapes are portrayed with such life-like precision that one can identify his special relationship and understanding of life on the sea.

    There is a collection of Sorensen's work at the Royal Naval Museum, Copenhagen. Hismarine painting is also represented in public collections in Oslo and Stockholm.

    He died in Copenhagen on the 24th January 1879.

  • Soulacroix, Charles Joseph Frederic Biography

    1825 - 1879

    Soulacroix was born in Montpellier on 6th July, 1825. He began his studies at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts in 1845 where he was a pupil of Ramney, Cornelius and Dumont. The artist made his debut at the Paris Salon in 1849.

    Soulacroix excelled in painting figurative subjects in the sumptuous interiors of the fashionable salons of Paris. The artist pays particular attention to detail in his paintings, depicting elegant furniture with fine silk and satin fabrics on the dresses and walls. He was very popular during his lifetime and continues to be regarded as the master of this genre today.

    This painting is a very rare and powerful painting by Soulacroix in both subject matter and execution and as such it is a very important example of the artist's oeuvre.

  • Speed, Harold Biography

    1872–1957

    Harold Speed was a portrait and landscape painter active throughout the first half of the twentieth century. As well as landscape and mythological subjects, he painted numerous portraits of eminent men and women. His early travels in Italy and Europe gave his work a classical European nuance and the illustrated painting shows this influence clearly.
    The pose of the sitter and the sumptuous sleeve and hair piece are strongly reminiscent of Venetian Renaissance painters such as Paulo Veronese (‘Portrait of a Lady’ - Musée de la Chartreuse, Douai) and Titian (‘Man with a Blue Sleeve’ - National Gallery, London) At the same time, there is a suggestion of the sensuality of the Pre Rapahelites, notably Veronica Veronese by Dante Gabriel Rossetti, 1872. (Bancroft Collection, Wilmington Society of Fine Arts, Delaware, USA)
    Speed was born on 11 February 1872 in London, the son of architect Edward Speed. In 1897 he too started to train as an architect at the Royal College of Art, but chose in 1891 to study painting at the Royal Academy Schools which he did until 1896.
    Speed won a gold medal at the RAS in 1893 and a travelling scholarship to Belgium, France, Italy and Spain in 1894. He began his fifty year history of exhibiting at the Royal Academy in 1893, and was elected a member of the Royal Society of Portrait Painters in 1895. By 1906 he was an associate of the Société Nationale des Beaux-Arts, Paris and his first one-man exhibition was at the Leicester Galleries in 1907. Nine years later in 1916 he became Master of the Art Worker’s Guild. During the period 1895-6 he painted the fresco ‘Autumn’ in the lunette of the restaurant in the Royal Academy, whose companion piece 'Spring Driving Away Winter' was painted by Fred Appleyard in 1902.
    Throughout his life he retained a series of houses in London, latterly 23 Campden Hill Square W8, but in later life he mainly lived at Court Meadow, Watlington, Oxfordshire, where he died on 20th March 1957.
    For many years, Speed’s name has remained prominent through a number of practical treatises on painting technique; The Science and Practice of Drawing (1913), The Science and Practice of Oil Painting (1924) and What is the Good of Art? (1936). These handbooks are still in print and are essential reading for today’s figurative artists.
    Museums: Tate Britain, National Portrait Gallery, Southampton City Art Gallery, Belfast City Hall, & Birmingham.
    Published in: Mary Chamot, Dennis Farr and Martin Butlin, The Modern British Paintings, Drawings and Sculpture, London 1964, II (Tate Gallery)

  • Spohler, Jacob Jan Coenraad View paintings Biography

    1837 - 1923

    J.J.C. Spohler was born in Holland into an artistic family. His father was the well-know landscape artist J.J. Spohler (1811-1866) and his brother, J.F. Spohler (1853-1894) painted town scenes.

    Jacob Spohler was a pupil of his father Jan. He specialised in the familiar subject of Dutch canals, depicting them both in summer and winter. His summer compositions were filled with sailing boats and windmills, ferrymen, people walking and fishermen. The winter subjects were full of skaters, toboggans and sledges. He uses Romantic motifs in his compositions, often creating a diagonal to lead the eye to the background or using a small jetty at the front of the canvas to break the foreground.

    Spohler’s work is a very pleasing insight into the life of the times and the landscape of 19th century Holland. His work sold well during his lifetime and is sought after by collectors today

  • Spohler, Jan Jacob Biography

    1811 - 1866

    J.J. Spohler was born in Nederhorst a-la-Montagne on 7th November, 1811. He studied under J.W. Pieneman at the Amsterdam Academy and devoted his life to the portrayal of the Dutch landscape. Spohler was painting during the height of the Dutch Romantic movement in Holland and he followed in the footsteps of the great master Andreas Schelfhout. Like Schelfhout, Spohler was comfortable painting winter or summer landscapes, capturing the atmosphere of both with equal skill. The artist often included small groups of figures in his work, giving us a delightful insight into the life of the times.

    Spohler travelled extensively throughout Holland during his working life, living in Amsterdam, Harlem, Brussels, The Hague, Leiden and Rotterdam at one time or another. He finally returned to Amsterdam again in 1861 and he died there 5 years later on 15th June.

    Spohler's work sold well during his lifetime and he often competed for commissions with other contemporaries such as F.M. Kruseman (1816-1882) and Charles Leickert (1816-1907). Spohler had two sons who were both artists; J.J.C. Spohler, who was very much influenced by his father in his style and subject matter, and J.F. Spohler who chose the Dutch townscape as his genre.

    Museums : Harlem, Broederpoort, Kampen.

  • Spohler, Johannes Franciscus Biography

    1853 - 1894

    J.F. Spohler was born in 1853, probably in Leiden. His father was the well-known landscape artist Jan Jacob Spohler and his brother J.J. C. Spohler was also a painter.
    J.F. Spohler was born at the height of the Romantic movement in Holland and he was very much an exponent of this genre. He followed in the footsteps of the most accomplished painter of town views, Cornelis Springer (1817-1891). Spohler often chose to paint on small mahogany panels and his fine draughtsmanship is always apparent in his work. He paints with a delicate palette concentrating on topographical accuracy and rendering the effects of light to stunning effect. His pictures have a jewel-like quality and are highly sought after.

  • Stanley, Caleb Robert Biography

    1795 - 1868

    Caleb Robert Stanley was a landscape and topographical painter working in oil and watercolour.

    He was an Honorary Exhibitor at the Royal Academy between the years 1816-63, but he mainly exhibited at the British Institution (in total showing 87 works), the Society of British Artists, Suffolk Street, the Old Watercolour Society and the New Watercolour Sociey (RI).

    Paintings by Stanley are held in the public collections of the Victoria and Albert Museum and the National Gallery, Dublin. He was also the father of artists Archer Stanley and Charles H Stanley.

  • Stannard, Eloise Harriet Biography

    1829 - 1915

    The daughter of Alfred Stannard, Eloise was a member of one of the foremost families of artists which characterised the Norwich School. She may have attended her father's art classes, and assisted in his studio. Her earliest work shows the influence of the Dutch Still Life Masters and in particular Van Huysum, but by the mid 1860s she had developed her own style, depicting less formal compositions, painted in natural light. The quality of her painting ensured many patrons, and the Norwich Corporation permitted her to use pieces of their plate in her pictures.

    Exhibited : Royal Academy (1856-1893); British Institute (1852-1867

    Museums : Norwich Castle

  • Stark, James Biography

    1794 - 1859

    James Stark was born on 19th November 1794, the youngest son of a successful dyer, whose family originally came from Fife, Scotland. Whilst attending Norwich Grammar School Stark became friendly with John Berney Crome (1794-1842), the eldest son of John Crome (1768-1821), later known as 'Old Crome', who was without doubt the most important and influential member of the Norwich School of painters.Stark became a pupil of Crome in 1811 for three years before moving to London and enrolling at the Royal Academy School in 1815. By 1818 his ability won him a prize from the Directors of the British Institution, who awarded a similar prize to Sir Edwin Landseer. After his marriage in 1821, Stark lived in Yarmouth before moving back to Norwich where his son Arthur James Stark (1831-1902) was born, who also later became a fine landscape artist. Between 1827 and 1834 Stark worked on a series of views on Norfolk rivers, which was published as a volume of etchings produced by several engravers.

    After the sudden death of his wife in 1834, Stark moved back to London and then to Windsor in 1839 where he remained for the next ten years, before returning to London so his son could attend the RA School. His health was not good and he was cared for by his son until his death at his lodgings in Norfolk Street, the Strand on 24th March, 1859.

    Although the quality of Stark's work was relatively consistent throughout his life, it is generally thought that his most beautiful paintings were his earlier works, painted whilst the influence of his master John Crome was still strong and depicting the Norfolk landscape he held so dear. He was especially renowned for the trees in his paintings, with considerable impasto and texture used on the trunks and branches, complimented by delicate and detailed foliage. Stark's later works, often referred to as his 'Windsor period' are often more thinly painted with feathered brushwork. In common with many Norwich School painters, figures and animals are intentionally subordinate to the general effect. Stark believed that his hand was so unmistakeable that he seldom signed his paintings.Stark was a prolific and successful exhibitor of his work in his lifetime and was patronised by many leading collectors of the day.

    Exhibited : Royal Academy, London 1811-1859 (68 exhibits); British Institution, London 1814-1859 (131 exhibits); Society of British Artists, Suffolk Street 1824-1848 (54 exhibits) ; Norwich Society of Artists

    Museums : Victoria & Albert Museum, London, Tate Gallery, London Edinburgh, Glasgow, Manchester, Norwich, Nottingham, SheffieldMontreal, Metropolitan Museum, New York

  • Thomas, Charles Armand Etienne Biography

    1857 - 1892

    Charles Armand Etienne Thomas was born in Paris in 1857. He painted some genre scenes and landscapes but he is best known for his flower paintings. He was a pupil of the flower painter Victor Leclair and he exhibited widely in Paris obtaining a medal in 1886 at the Salon des Artists. The middle classes in France and elsewhere were reaping the benefits of the industrial revolution and their appetite for flower paintings was ever increasing. This encouraged a wealth of artists to study still-life painting and Thomas was no exception. Garden flowers were very fashionable in Paris and in this magnificent example by Thomas we see a spectacular arrangement of Lilacs, Peonies and Daisies. The artist leaves behind the more stilted style of the old school of Salon painters and creates a beautifully natural and free-flowing painting, full of life and colour. This was very much in keeping with the new realism developing in France during the second half of the century.

  • Thornley, William Biography

    fl. 1883 - 1903

    William Thornley was a painter of shipping and coastal scenes. He lived in Rochester in Kent and painted on both the East and South Coasts. He is now thought to have also worked under the pseudonyms William Thornberry, Thornbery and Thornbury - a practise which was fashionable amongst some Victorian artists.

    He exhibited three works, including "Moonlight" and "A Misty Day in the Pool" at The Society of British Artists.

  • Thors, Joseph Biography

    fl. 1863 - 1884

    Joseph Thors lived and worked in London, though he spent a considerable time in the Midlands. He was a member of the Birmingham School, along with W H Mander and David Bates.Thors exhibited in London, at the Royal Academy and the Royal Society of British Artists, Suffolk Street. He also exhibited in Birmingham from 1869 - 1900.

    Joseph Thors painted landscapes, or rustic scenes with cottages, figures and animals. Although Thors belonged to the Birmingham School his choice of subjects and treatment of them was more akin to the Norwich School of Artists, whose work he much admired.

  • Todd, Henry George View paintings Biography

    1846 - 1898

    Henry George Todd was born in Bury St Edmunds, in Suffolk. His father, Arthur Todd, owned a large decorating business which specialised in ceilings and murals, most of his work was executed in West Suffolk. When Todd reached the age of 18, it was decided that he should attend art school where he could develop his artistic talent. He subsequently enrolled at the Royal Kensington School of Art, where he studied painting and drawing, and became a great admirer of the Dutch Masters.

    At the age of 22 Henry Todd returned to Suffolk, where he entered the family business, working in design,decoration and gilding. After a few years in Bury Todd left for Ipswich where he obtained a position with Stearns - the most important decorating company in the town.

    Although Todd was working full time he still found time to paint his still life pictures and Suffolk landscapes.He was always very sensitive about his work and the slightest criticism would cause him to either defer the work or in exceptional circumstances completely erase it. His independent mind and stubborn nature were said to have hampered his prosperity; he made little attempt to solicit patrons.

    In his day he was said to be one of the finest grape painters His work has a quality reminiscent of the Dutch School. Todd's early works have been confused with those of Ladell. Henry George Todd exhibited at the Royal Academy in 1888 and at the Ipswich Fine Art Society from 1875 to 1897.

  • Towne, Charles Biography

    1763-1840

    Charles Towne was born in Wigan in 1763. He was trained as a coach painter, and by the age of 17 was set up in the City as a japanner and decorative painter. Towne also studied landscape and received instruction from John Rathbone, the 'Manchester Richard Wilson'. In 1787, Towne exhibited his first landscape at the recently founded Liverpool Society for Promoting Painting and Design. Towne also made copies of George Stubbs' two paintings exhibited there, 'Harvesters' and 'Reapers'. By the 1790s, he was becoming an established animal painter with a style based on his study of Stubbs. Towne was also very interested in the work of the Dutch seventeenth century landscape painters. Artist W. S. Sparrow wrote that "his landscapes are minutely detailed and have a Dutch mannerism; animals and figures are put in with diligent and affectionate care". His landscapes were either romanticised versions of real topography or purely imaginary visions. The lyricism of Towne's setting heightened the solid reality and presence of his animals. On his first visit to London in 1796, Towne received favourable mention from Joseph Farington, who noted that the artist had 'six months work bespoke'. Towne began exhibiting at the Royal Academy in 1799. Although he spent the first decade of the new century in London, where he became friends with George Morland and de Loutherbourg, Towne achieved most in Liverpool, where he settled in 1811. He was elected Vice¬President of the new Liverpool Academy of Artists in 1812 and again the following year, and continued exhibiting there and in Manchester until 1825.
    Although Towne is best-known for his paintings of horses, especially hunters, he studied every aspect of rural life and sport. He also won commissions to paint cattle, favourite dogs, hunting and shooting scenes, and occasional pieces in the Grand Manner with such titles as 'Tiger growling over her prey'.

  • Trouville, Henry Charles Biography

    19th Century

    Henri Charles Trouville was born at Loudun, in the department of Vienne in the Poitou-Charentes region of western France. Little is known of his artistic training, but Trouville was primarily influenced by the painters of the Barbizon School, such as Jean-Baptiste-Camille Corot (1795-1875) and Charles-François Daubigny (1817-1878). In common with his contemporary Paul-Désiré Trouillebert (1829-1900) and other plein-air artists of the time, Trouville was inspired by the forest of Fontainebleau and he painted many of his subjects there. He exhibited his work at the Paris Salon from 1878.

  • Valentine-Daines, Sherree Biography

    B. 1956

    Sherree Valentine-Daines was born in 1956 in Effingham, Surrey. She was not always an artist, at 18 she began work as a legal secretary in London. Realising the quality of the idle sketches she drew on her legal pads, it became clear that she had a talent for drawing.

    Valentine-Daines studied fine art at Epsom School of Art for 4 years, leaving in 1980. It was during her time at art school that she developed an interest in painting figures. After graduating, she spent the first summer in Cornwall, painting villages, harbours and beaches and most of all the people. She has also been known to paint the busy streets of London, especially showing passers by hailing cabs, looking around markets or leaving the theatre.

    Sherree has had considerable success in her career, her colourful impressionist paintings appeal to a world wide clientele making her a favourite with many celebrity collectors including members of the British Royal Family. Many famous people have sat for her including Joanna Lumley and Michael Parkinson. She was televised painting the England cricket team and was also the official artist to the Rugby World Cup, producing commemorative portraits of Martin Johnson and Jonny Wilkinson. Her recent projects have included the publication of ‘First Impressions’, a stunning hardback book celebrating her life and career.

    Her work has been widely exhibited, selling through many of the top London Galleries and at venues including - The Royal Academy, The Barbican, Lord’s Museum,
    The Royal Society of British Artists, The Olympic Games Exhibition,
    The Royal Institute of Artists and the Tate Gallery.

  • Van Coppenolle, Edmond Biography

    1846 - 1914

    Edmond Van Coppenolle was born in Ghent, Belgium, in 1846. He moved to Montigny, close to Moret-sur-Loing in France to work at the newly opened Schopin porcelain factory. Here he produced sketches and studies in Indian ink, wash and crayon of poultry which were used for the decoration on the porcelain. He married and shortly afterwards moved into a vast studio in the Grande-Rue.

    Coppenolle was renowned for his oil paintings of flowers. Although influenced by the 17th century painters of the Netherlands he was also aware of the growing fashion in France for garden flowers and more natural-looking flower paintings. In this painting we see this new natural style at its best.

    Coppenolle has painted a free-flowing composition full of life and colour which was very much in keeping with the new realism developing in France during the second half of the century. The artist died in 1914 in Chateau-Landon, France.

  • Van Schendel, Petrus Biography

    1806 - 1870

    Petrus van Schendel was born in Terheyden, North Brabant on April 21st, 1806. He was a pupil at the Antwerp Academy between 1822 and 1828, studying under Van Bree. He first settled in Amsterdam and then went to Rotterdam, where he made himself a reputation as a portrait painter. Later he moved to The Hague and in 1845 to Brussels where he remained until 1870. It was in Brussels that he became famous for his night market scenes which he painted by candle, lamps or torch light to create dramatic effects with shadow. Schendel also travelled throughout Europe.

    He won medals in Amsterdam and Brussels in 1845 and in Paris in 1844 and 1847.

    Schendel's works include 'Market in Friesland by Moonlight', 'St. Jerome' and 'Kitchen Scene' 1834. 'Evening Market in Antwerp' and 'Fish Seller' 1843, 'Vegetable Market' 1852 and 'Return From The Hunt 1839.

    Museums : Amsterdam, The Hague, Hamburg, Berlin, Leipzig, Munich and Stuttgart.

  • Vernon, Emille Biography

    fl. 1890 - 1920

    Emile Vernon was a French artist born in the mid 19th Century. Although little is recorded of his life it is known that he lived and worked in London as well as in Paris.

    Vernon specialised in painting portraits and genre scenes. Especially popular are his portraits of young ladies and children which are much sought after in the U.S.A, Canada and Japan.

    He exhibited a painting entitled 'Roses' at the Royal Academy in 1904.

  • Vincent, George Biography

    1796 - c.1836

    George Vincent was born in Norwich on 27th June, 1796, the son of James Vincent, a cloth manufacturer. After his education at Norwich Grammar School, Vincent became a pupil of John Crome (1768-1821), later known as 'Old Crome', one of the finest English landscape painters who was the founder and inspiration of The Norwich School. Cromes three most important and accomplished students were his son, John Berney Crome (1794-1842), James Stark (1794-1859) and George Vincent. The three painters were to become close friends, who frequently travelled together and consequently influenced each other's work.

    In 1816 Vincent visited France with John Berney Crome and toured Essex with Stark, which resulted in paintings by all three artists. When Vincent first went to London in 1817 he lived in Newman Street, alongside Stark, and they were both admitted as students in the school attached to the British Institution in Pall Mall. In 1819, when Vincent was perhaps at the height of his powers, he toured Scotland, almost certainly in the company of Stark.

    Following Crome's death in 1821, Vincent married in 1822 and bought himself a good house in Camden Town, partly on the strength of his wife's supposed prosperity. However his income and her wealth must not have lived up to expectations, as by 1824 he had left Camden for a smaller studio and by December of that year his debts had caused him to be incarcerated in the debtor's gallery of the Fleet Prison, from which he was not discharged until February 1827. Vincent was able to paint whilst in prison and continued to do so after his release, exhibiting for the last time in 1831, which is frequently given as the date of his death. However there are records in the British Museum indicating that he inherited part of his father's estate in 1833, so it is likely that died sometime in the mid 1830s.

    Due to his short life, Vincent's paintings are comparatively rare but it is indicative of the quality of his work that in spite of this he is regarded so highly as an artist and as one of the foremost painters of the Norwich School, which in itself was an important and influential movement in English art.

    Exhibited : Royal Academy 1814, 1823; British Institution 1815, 1831; Society of British Artists 1824, 1830; Norwich Exhibitions 1811, 1831

    Museums : Victoria Albert Museum, London; Castle Museum, Norwich; Nottingham; Sheffield

    References : East Anglian Painters Volume II, Harold DayPainters of the Norwich School, W. F. Dickes

  • Vrolijk, Adrianus Jacobus Biography

    1834 – 1862

    A.J. Vrolijk was born in The Hague on 9th March, 1834. He was the brother of the artist Jan Maerten Vrolijk, who
    painted landscapes.

    Vrolijk began his career under the tutelage of the great master of the Romantic School, Andreas Schelfhout (1787-1870). Schelfhout was a much sought-after teacher who taught at least 30 students over the years, including Leickert, Roosenboom and Jongkind. Vrolijk was very privileged to be accepted into this highly prestigious studio.

    Schelfhout was a painter of the ‘sincere’ Dutch landscape and his contemporary scenes with windmills and rivers were highly influential and made an important contribution to Dutch landscape painting in the 19th century. Vrolijk was particularly influenced by Schelfhout’s continuing of the tradition of the 17th century masters in depicting the surroundings of Scheveningen and Noordwijk with fishermen and beached boats. Both Vrolijk and Leickert took up this theme with very pleasing results.

    Vrolijk died in The Hague on 21st March, 1862.

  • Wagner, Fritz View paintings Biography

    1896 - 1939

    Fritz Wagner was born in Munich in 1896. He followed in the footsteps of artists such as Meissonier and Lesrel who painted genre subjects with a military theme. Wagner developed his own style and he painted his subjects in an informal and relaxed atmosphere. His palette is soft but he was a skilled draughtsman and his figures are well painted and natural.

  • Wainwright, John Biography

    fl. 1859 - 1869

    John Wainwright flourished as a painter between 1859-1869. Although little is known of the artist he exhibited at both Suffolk Street and the British Institute. He painted large and decorative florals in the manner of the Dutch masters.

  • Waite, Edward Wilkins View paintings Biography

    1854 - 1924

    Edward Wilkins Waite RBA was born at Leatherhead in Surrey on the 14th April 1854, the son of a dissenting minister the Rev. Edward Waite, MA, and his wife Cleopha Julia (nee Dukes). He was the second in a family of six sons and two daughters. He was born into an artistic tradition; his grandfather, William Watkin Waite, was a miniaturist, and his father an amateur watercolour painter. Three of his brothers became artists and two musicians. Waite was an amateur musician himself, playing the violin. He is recorded in later years as conducting an orchestra at Woolhampton.

    Waite was educated at Mansion House Grammar School, Leatherhead. In 1874 he went to Ontario, Canada and worked for a while as a lumberjack, a sketch book from this journey survives. Waite seems to have taken up painting seriously on his return. In 1878 he exhibited two pictures at the Royal Academy in London and again two in 1880. Thereafter, with only eight breaks, he exhibited at the Royal Academy every year until 1919. From the late 1880's Waite exhibited his work extensively, for example in 1893, in which year he became a member of the Royal Society of British Artists, he exhibited some 30 works in over twenty separate places.

    Exhibited : Royal Academy, the Institute of Painters in Oil Colours, the Royal Society of British Artists and the New Gallery in London, the Walker Art Gallery in Liverpool and Galleries in Birmingham, Bristol, Cardiff, Derby, Dublin, Leeds, Manchester, Oldham and Southport.

  • Walsom, John Biography

    b. 1956

    Although a professional artist since 1991, John Walsom originally worked as an architect. As well as starting his career selling paintings from the railings of Bayswater Park, and working as a scenic artist for live theatre, he has undertaken many commissions for patrons such as the University of Cambridge, Oxford University Press, The Royal Bank of Scotland, Eton College and the National Liberal Club. One of his recent exhibitions was entitled "A View of London" at the London Transport Museum, Covent Garden and he has exhibited at the Royal Academy Summer Show. He also finds time to play guitar in the Marshall Taylor Band.

  • Ward, Vernon de Beauvoir Biography

    Born 1905

    Vernon de Beauvoir Ward was born in 1905 in Hampstead, North London. Son of an artist (his father was Albert Ward), Vernon was encouraged to explore his talent from an early age and studied art at the Slade School.

    The subjects he treated include: landscapes, sporting, figure and portrait painting and the detailed study of birds. His work is particularly noted for its almost surreal use of light and his paintings often incorporate sparse untreated areas of canvas to remarkable effect.

    His work has been extensively reproduced.

    Exhibited : The Royal Society of British Artists; The Royal Institute of Oil Painters

  • Wardle, Arthur Biography

    1864 - 1949

    Arthur Wardle lived and worked in London. By the unusually young age of sixteen he began exhibiting his work at the Royal Academy. His first exhibit was a study of cattle on the banks of the Thames and this was the start of his life long interest in painting animals.

    Largely self-taught, Wardle received no academic training yet he became one of the pre-eminent animal and sporting painters of his generation.

    In 1880 Wardle lived in Oakley Square, Camden, in North London, but such was his artistic success he was able to move to the more fashionable Alma Square in St. John's Wood by 1892. Between 1880 and 1938 Wardle exhibited frequently at the Royal Academy and other venues. He painted both domestic and wild game; his more exotic subjects, such as leopards, tigers and polar bears were painted from 'on the spot' sketches which he made during his visits to London Zoo.

    As well as oil painting, Wardle worked extensively in watercolour and pastel and was elected to the Pastel Society in 1911 and became a member of the Royal Institute of Painters in Watercolour in 1922. In 1931 he held his first one man exhibition at the Fine Art Society and in 1935 the Vicar's Gallery held an exhibition devoted to his work. Wardle also exhibited in Paris.

    By 1936 the artist was living in West London. His career had been highly successful and his works continue to be sought after. He remains one of the foremost animal painters of the period. Wardle died on 16th July, 1949.

  • Watson, Walter J View paintings Biography

    Born 1879

    Walter Watson was a landscape painter, born in Somerville, Cheshire (1879). He studied atthe Wallasey School of Art and in London.

    Watson loved Britain and travelled extensively in search of his subjects. He was particularly drawn to the dramatic highlands of Scotland. He lived in various part of the country, including; Bettws-y-Coed in North Wales (1923), Maesbury in Shropshire, Leonards-on-Sea (1910) and Hastings (1912). During his career, Watson exhibited widely between 1910 and 1937 at the major London Galleries as well as in the provinces and abroad. He was elected an Associate of the Royal Cambrian Academy in 1922 where he showed no fewer than 32 paintings

    Watson's soft palette, careful execution and restful compositions are representative of his much sought after landscapes. His work is sought after worldwide especially as he produced comparatively few pictures.

    Exhibited : Walker Art Gallery, Liverpool; Royal Cambrian Academy.

  • Watts, Frederick William Biography

    1800 - 1870

    Frederick William Watts was an artist who was greatly influenced by John Constable, and it is possible that he knew his great idol. For many years Watts was Constable's neighbour in Hampstead and doubtless attended his lectures held in the Assembly Rooms in June 1833 and July 1836. However, it is not known whether Watts and Constable met socially and it has been suggested that Constable was not well disposed towards his fellow landscape artists.

    Indeed it was from Hampstead that Watts sent his first works for exhibition at the Royal Academy. These were the first of 76 paintings Watts exhibited at the RA, which, together with 108 at the British Institute and 65 shown in Suffolk Street indicate that he was a very prolific artist indeed.

    Watts remained in Hampstead for 10 years before moving to Camden Town in 1831 and finally to Haverstock Hill 7 years later, where he spent the remaining 32 years of his life.

  • Webb, James Biography

    1825 - 1895

    James Webb was born and lived all his life in Chelsea, London. He was a landscape painter specialising in coastal and port scenes.

    Webb painted scenes in England, Wales, Holland, France and along the Rhine. He painted figures and buildings with as much competence as he did landscape backgrounds, and his paintings have a feeling of tranquility and harmony to them. Webb used pale colours, but painted in a robust naturalistic style. He was influenced by J. M. W. Turner.

    James Webb came from a very artistic family. His father, Archibald Webb, was also a landscape painter who painted a very famous picture of the Battle of Trafalgar. His brother, Byron Webb, was a London painter of animals who specialised in Highland deer, horse portraits and hunting and skating scenes.

    He exhibited in London from 1850 to 1888. He had works at the Royal Academy (29), the Royal Society of Artists Gallery at Suffolk Street, The British Institute, The New Watercolour Society and The Royal Institute of Oil Painters. His works are represented in The Tate, The Victoria and Albert Museum and nearly all the important provincial museums in England.

  • Weekes, William Biography

    fl. 1864 - 1904

    William Weekes is best known for his genre and animal paintings. He was born into an artistic family - his father was the sculptor Henry Weekes RA and his elder brother the genre painter, Henry Weekes Jnr. William Weekes spent his working life in London and he resided at 21 Oppingdon Road, Primrose Hill.

    Amongst his favourite subjects were humorous portrayals of animals. Indeed Weekes delighted in personifying them and placing them in situations particular to humans, as seen in the paintings: 'You are sitting in my Nest', 'Prattlers and Cracklers', 'The Patient and the Quacks' and 'A Snap for the Lot'. However, Weekes' work shows a sensitive understanding of his subject matter and part of his success in creating such a peaceful country atmosphere lies in his affection for it.

    Exhibited : Royal Academy and other major London venues 1865-1904

  • Weiss, Emil Georges Biography

    b. 1861

    Born in Strasbourg on 20th January 1861, Weiss painted genre scenes, portraits, landscapes and still life. He was the pupil of Leon Bonnat and Antoine Grison, making his debut at the Paris Salon in 1880. Exhibiting regularly at the Salon des Artistes Francais, he was a founder of the Salon d'Automne of which he became the treasurer. His small jewel-like genre paintings were inspired by Meissonier and his work was close in tradition to the artists of the Swiss School such as Brion.

    Exhibited : Paris

    Museums : Dijon, Nantes, Strasbourg

  • Wells, John Sanderson Biography

    1872 - 1955

    John Sanderson Wells was a London artist who specialised in sporting and animal painting. He studied at the Slade School of Art in London, and later at the Academie Julian in Paris. From 1895 he was a regular contributor at the Royal Academy and was elected to the Royal Institute in 1903.

    Much of Wells' work was privately commissioned. These subjects were mainly hunting subjects - including one for the Duke of Beaufort. Wells painted in a naturalistic style, his painting is technically very well executed and a feeling of graceful movement is evident in his compositions.

    His work is in many important private collections, and is highly sought after. He died on 16th March 1955.

  • White, Andrew Biography

    Born 1968

    Andrew White was born in Louth, Lincolnshire in 1968. From an early age he showed a keen interest and ability in painting. The artist believes that the inspiration for his chosen career owes much to his local up bringing in Lincolnshire where he gained an appreciation of rural England.

    Andrew spent two years studying at Lincoln College of Art and Design from where he won a place at the Slade School of Art in 1986. Here he won first prize for best traditional painting. Once Andrew had gained an Honours Degree in 1991 he married his childhood sweet heart, Rachel and today they work together as artist and muse. Members of their respective families feature in Andrew’s canvases. He prefers traditional figurative and landscape subjects. Influenced by the Old Masters and Victorian painters, Andrew combines his own style with the techniques of these past craftsmen. He has striven to reestablish confidence in traditional painting. Through the soft glowing surfaces and harmony of composition Andrew’s work conveys an aura and a haunting atmosphere that bring reflections of the past into the present.

    Through hard work and skill, Andrew has achieved the reputation of being one of Britain’s most exciting young artists.

  • Whitfield, Carl View paintings Biography

    b. 1958

    Born in Yorkshire in 1958, Carl left school to pursue a career in commercial management but after some seven years he returned to his first love, painting, and decided to make it his life’s work. Having undertaken no formal training, he closely studied wildlife and farm animals, spending the next few years practising and perfecting his technique. His main influences are the eminent English artists Grimshaw, Hunt and Herring.

    Carl now paints well-observed traditional farmyard scenes and wildlife in close detail and vibrant tones, specialising in miniaturist paintings in oils. His reputation developed as a leading painter of chickens in the country, and he soon added ducks, mice, badgers, red squirrels, foxes, hedgehogs, butterflies and other countryside creatures to his repertoire.
    He occasionally paints Still Life of a stunning three dimensional quality. The hallmark of his work is the particularly fine detail and intense rich colours, resulting in a painting of rare quality, depth and charm. His work is in an increasing number of collections both in the UK and around the world.

  • Williams, Walter Biography

    1835 - 1906

    Walter Williams was one of the four sons of George Augustus Williams and was born in 1835, although no birthday is known. On 2nd June 1857, he married Jane Pearcy, daughter of William Pearcy, a glass dealer, and they lived in comfort at 8 Lonsdale Terrace, Barnes. His wife also painted and exhibited several landscapes with the Society of British Artists. Walter proceeded to have two children and remarry twice, following his wives' deaths.

    From 1902 onwards, Walter declined into utter destitution, moving from Croydon Workhouse to the Richmond Union Workhouse, where he remained until his death at the age of 71. His sister Caroline was still alive although he was recorded to be "without friends or relations". He was buried in a pauper's grave on 19th April 1906.

    The poor circumstances of his last years is not, however, reflected in the quality of his work. Haymaking by the River shows his talent for producing excellent light effects, with a pleasing harmony of tone and a good sense of distance. He particularly liked these "cornscapes" which have the warm yellow tones of George Augustus in summer mood.

    Many of his canvases have the appearance of having been painted at an earlier period, rather in the style of Edward Williams or the more youthful work of his father and uncles. The trees are very much a Williams convention, but they do have a certain difference in surface treatment. Walter Williams often stippled areas of foliage and foreground with small, even dots of colour, giving an almost pointillistic effect, which is not the same as the careful leaf delineations of H J Boddington or Edward Williams.

    In the selection of subjects he was a true member of the family. His work included the Welsh landscape which he painted in a somewhat smoother style than many of his village and woodland scenes. There are canvases, after S R Percy or Arthur Gilbert, with a competence which can make a fair approach to their quality. The Valley of the Mawddach (exhibited with the National Institution when the artist was only 19) showed a landscape, enclosed by mountains, which were described in the Art Journal, 1854 as being "painted with fine feeling, especially in atmospheric effect..."

    Walter Williams continued to paint, in the styles described, throughout his career, with sufficient success to prove popular with the public and obtain a steady income as a professional painter - until the decline in his circumstances caused his to lose grip on his talent and way of life. A sad consequence of the death of Walter Williams in poverty is the undoubted fact that this actually enhances present day values of the paintings of this artist.

    The paintings of Walter Williams should not be confused with those of William Williams of Plymouth, who was exhibiting at the same time, but whose subjects were very much more of the West Country.

  • Williams, George Augustus Biography

    1814 - 1901

    George Augustus Williams was one of the more prolific landscape painters of the Williams family. He was the son of the artist Edward Old Williams (1782-1855) and his five brothers who were also artists included S. R. Percy (1821-1886). He showed the highest total number of works in the London exhibitions but in spite of his abundant output the standard of his work was always consistently high. Some critics consider that he was the most talented of all the Williams brothers.

    George Augustus Williams lived in Barnes, London for over fifty years within sight of the Thames, which he often used as the subject of his paintings. As well as the Thames Valley, George Augustus also liked to paint the Welsh and Kent countryside.

    Exhibited : Royal Society of British Artists (140 works), Royal Academy, British Institute

    Museums : City Museum & Art Gallery, Hanley, Stoke-on-TrentWarrington

  • Wilson, John James Biography

    1818 - 1875

    Born in London, John James Wilson was the son and pupil of the well known marine artist, John (Jock) Wilson, RSA (1774 - 1855). Perhaps as a reaction to his father's tuition, John James Wilson's did not paint any marine subjects before 1849. However, in later life his attitude and interests changed and after 1849 he painted little else.

    John James Wilson exhibited at all of the major London Galleries. He first exhibited at the Royal Academy in 1835 and at the British Institute in 1834. He also exhibited a large number of pictures at the Suffolk Street Galleries. He finally ceased showing his work in public two years prior to his death in 1873.

    Examples of John James Wilson's work can be seen at several major British Museums including; the Folkestone Art Gallery, the National Maritime Museum, Greenwich, Graves Art Gallery, Sheffield and the Wolverhampton Art Gallery.

  • Woodhouse, William Arnold Biography

    1857 - 1935

    A Lancashire artist born near Morecambe, Woodhouse rarely left the area where he was born. He worked in both oil and watercolour, and developed a soft, realistic style that was well suited to the depiction of animals.

    He contributed many works to the Lancashire Art Exhibitions and exhibited works at the Royal Academy from 1889, and also at the Royal Society of Artists and the Royal Institute.

  • Wootton, Frank Anthony Albert View paintings Biography

    1914 - 1998

    Frank Wootton was born in Milford in Hampshire on 30th July 1914. He won a scholarship to Eastbourne School of Art at the age of 14 and later travelled to Germany to paint. He then went to London where he became a commercial artist.

    Wootton's paintings show sensitivity and make excellent use of light. His subjects varied from landscape, to aircraft, to equestrian (often in the style of Stubbs). He was also the official R.A.F. artist for the period 1944-46 which led to many commissions, including one from King Ibn Saud and B.O.A.C.

    As well as exhibiting in both England and abroad Frank Wootton was the President of the Guild of Aviation Artists and author of 'How to Draw Aircraft', 'How to Draw Cars' and 'The Landscape Painting of Frank Wootton'.

    Exhibited : Royal Academy, Royal Institute of Oil PaintersMuseums : National Air and Space Museum, Washington DC Air Museum, Oshkosh, Wisconsin

  • Wright, George View paintings Biography

    1860 - 1942

    George Wright was born in Headingly near Leeds in 1860 into a family with a rich artistic tradition.

    His younger brother Gilbert Scott Wright was a well respected sporting artist with whom he developed a professional (though friendly) rivalry throughout their working lives. His sister Louise was a pioneer of fashion art, illustrating Harrod's Fur Catalogues and Vogue Magazine. Like his younger brother George concerned himself with sporting scenes, in particular, hunting and coaching subjects. His study of horses show mastery and close observation. He portrays the animals very realistically. In contrast his rendering of the surrounding landscape - fields and hedgerows - are more impressionistic and convey the high speed of the horses and the exhilarating pace of the hunt.

    George Wright exhibited his works at the Royal Academy and other major London Galleries from 1892. His pictures are often painted in pairs, complementing and balancing each other and showing different scenes of the same event.

  • Yeend KingRI , Henry John Biography

    1855-1924


    Henry John Yeend King was a landscape and rustic genre painter. He worked for three years in a glassworks, and he studied under William Bromley and also with Bonnat and Cormon in Paris.
    He exhibited between 1874-1924 at the Royal Academy, Royal Society of British Artists, Suffolk Street, New Watercolour Society and the Grosvenor Gallery. He was elected to the Royal Society of British Artists in 1879, Royal Institute of Painters in Watercolours 1886 and later Vice-President. Yeend King was also a member of the Royal Institute of Oil Painters.
    In 1898 his picture of "Milking Time" was bought be the Tate Gallery. Yeend King was a typical late Victorian painter of rustic genre often portraying garden scenes with pretty girls, but his robust plein air technique and bold colours reflect his Paris training.
    Works by him are in the Tate, the Walker Art Gallery, Reading, Rochdale and Sheffield Galleries. He was married to the sister of Robert Gallon.

  • Zampighi, Eugenio Eduardo Biography

    1859 - 1944

    Eugenio Zampighi was born in Modena, Italy on 17th October 1859. He showed a keen interest in art when he was very young and at the age of thirteen he attended the Academy of Design. Zampighi completed the course winning six first class medals in the examinations. At the age of twenty, Zampighi won a scholarship and spent three years in Rome. He was very successful in the yearly examinations and he was invited to become an Honourable Member of the Modena Academy. He spent the last year of his scholarship in Florence and he decided to settle there in 1884. It was here that Zampighi began to paint his well known genre subjects. These were readily sold and he received many commissions from local dealers and from abroad.

    After executing a large painting that was exhibited in the hall of the Modena Academy the degree of Professor was conferred upon him by the Council of the Academy. Zampighi then devoted himself to figure painting, depicting scenes of the domestic life of his countrymen. These paintings are very pleasing compositions with lively colouring and are his best known works. Zampighi died in Maranello in 1944. The museum of Modern Art in Modena has examples of his works.

  • Ziem, Felix Francois Georges Philibert Biography

    1821 - 1911

    Felix Ziem was born in Beaume on the Cote d 'Or on 26th February 1821. A pupil of the School of Architecture in Dijon, Ziem worked initially as an architect. In 1841 he travelled to Italy where he met Count Grigori Gagarin, who he accompanied on voyages to Nice and to St. Petersburg. Returning to Italy in 1842, Ziem visited Rome and Venice, which was to become the principal subject of his later paintings.

    Ziem exhibited for the first time at the Paris Salon in 1849 and remained a frequent exhibitor there until 1868, with Constantinople and Venice as his favourite subjects.

    From 1860 he lived in Montmartre in the winter and in Nice in the summer, and in 1864 Princess (later Queen) Victoria was his pupil.

    He resumed exhibiting regularly at the Salon from 1888, with a much more atmospheric and impressionist style, concentrating on dramatic skies full of colour and light. The naturalist approach of the Barbizon School influenced Ziem's later paintings and he became a renowned and successful artist. He won many medals for his work and was created Chevalier of the Legion of Honour in 1857, ascending to an Officer in 1878.

    He died in Paris on 10th November 1911, leaving part of the contents of his studio to the City of Paris.


    Museums : Ajaccio, Amsterdam, Avignon, Berlin, Bordeaux, Chantilly, Digne, Dijon, Liage, London (Wallace Collection), Martigues (Musee Ziem), Montpellier, Montreal, Moscow, Mulhouse, Nantes, Nice, Paris (Musee de la Marine, Musee du Louvre, Musee du Petit Palais), Reims, Rouen, Toulouse, Valenciennes